Workplace Survey of Cold Protective Glove Aging

Open access


This study presents the results of an end-of-service life survey involving workers operating in cold environments. The objective of this study was to determine whether the gloves worn in such workplaces were replaced when they exhibited clear signs of mechanical deterioration (rupture, tear, puncture, and perforation) or when they were soaked (externally) or moist (internally). The study sets out to establish whether the appearance of visible signs of damage prompted immediate glove replacement with a view to occupational safety. The calculated Cramér’s V values revealed weak associations between the cause of glove replacement and the frequency of glove change (V=0.201) as well as the mean duration of glove use (V=0.234). Furthermore, it was found that visible signs of mechanical deterioration did not prompt glove replacement. Indeed, workers continued to wear damaged or wet gloves for as many as 5 days or more.

[1] Anttonen, H., Pietikäinen, P., Rintamäki, H., Rissanen, S. (2000). Cold protective gloves in meat processing industry - product development and selection ergonomics of protective clothing. In: Proceedings of NOKOBETEF 6 and 1st European Conference on Protective Clothing in Stockholm, Sweden, 212-215.

[2] Anttonen, H., Pekkarinen, A., Niskanen, J. (2009). Safety at work in cold environments and prevention of cold stress. Industrial Health, 47(3), 254-261.

[3] Holmér, I., Granberg, P., Dahlstrom, G. (2008). Cold environments and cold work. In: Stellman, J. M. (Ed.), ILO Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety, fourth ed., International Labor Organization (Geneva). Chapter 42.

[4] Chen, F., Nilsson, H., Holmer, I. (1994). Finger cooling by contact with cold aluminium surfaces: effects of pressure, mass and whole body thermal balance. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 69, 55-60.

[5] Brajkovic, D., Ducharme, M. B., Frim, J. (1998). Influence of localized auxiliary heating on hand comfort during cold exposure. Journal of Applied Physiology, 85(6), 2054-2065.

[6] Bellingar T. A., Slocum, A.C. (1993). Effect of protective gloves on hand movement: an exploratory study. Applied Ergonomics, 24(4), 244-250.

[7] Council Directive 89/686/EEC of 21 December 1989 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to personal protective equipment, Official Journal of the European Communities, L. 399, 30.12.1989 with later amendments; Regulation (EU) 2016/425 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2016 on personal protective equipment and repealing Council Directive 89/686/EEC (Official Journal of the European Union L 81 of 31.3.2016).

[8] Irzmańska, E., Wójcik, P., Adamus-Włodarczyk, A. (2018). Manual work in cold environments and its impact on selection of materials for protective gloves based on workplace observations. Applied Ergonomics, 68, 186-196.

[9] Dolez, P. I., Vu-Khanh, T. (2009a). Recent developments and needs in materials used for personal protective equipment and their testing. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 15(4), 347-362.

[10] Irzmańska, E., Stefko, A. (2015). Simulation method for assessing the end of service life of gloves used by workers exposed to mineral oils and mechanical factors. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 47, 61-71.

[11] Virgílio, A., Oliveira, M., Gaspar, A.R., André, J. S., Quintela, D. A. (2014). Subjective analysis of cold thermal environments. Applied Ergonomics, 45, 534-543.

[12] Sari, H., Gartner, M., Hoeft, A., Candas, V. (2004). Glove thermal insulation: local heat transfer measures and relevance. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 92, 702-705.

[13] Zander, J., Morrison, J. (2008). Effects of pressure, cold and gloves on hand skin temperature and manual performance of divers. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 104, 237-244.

[14] Dolez, P. I., Vu-Khanh, T. (2009b). Gloves for protection from cold weather, textiles for cold weather apparel. A volume in Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles, 374-398.

[15] Geng, Q., Chen, F., Holmer, I. (1997). The effect of protective gloves on manual dexterity in the cold environments. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 3(1-2), 15-29.

[16] Havenith, G., Heus, R., Daanen, H. A. M. (1995). The hand in the cold performance and risk. Arctic Medical Research, 54(2), 37-47.

[17] Heus, R., Daanen, H. A. M., Havenith, G. (1995). Physiological criteria for functioning of hands in the cold. Applied Ergonomics, 26(1), 5-13.

[18] Holmer, I., (2005). Protection against cold, textiles in Sport. A volume in Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles, 262-286.

[19] Amir-Hashim, M. Y., Morris, M. D., O’Brien, M. G., Farid, A. S. (1997). Effect of leaching and humidity on prevulcanized natural latex films. Rubber Chemistry and Technology, 70(4), 560-571.

[20] Chen, F. (1997). Thermal responses of the hand to convective and contact cold - with and without gloves. Academic Thesis, Linkoping Universitet Tekniska Hogskolan, Arbetslivsinstitutet (Solna, Sweden).

[21] Chen, F., Holmér, I. (1997). The effect of protective gloves on manual dexterity in the cold environments. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 3(1-2), 15-29.

Autex Research Journal

The Journal of Association of Universities for Textiles (AUTEX)

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.957
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.027

CiteScore 2017: 1.18

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.448
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.465


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 60 60 12
PDF Downloads 50 50 7