Nanofibers were electrospun from bicomponent poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and modified cationic starch (CS) mixed solution PVA/CS with different mass ratios (75/25, 50/50 and 35/65) at a total concentration of 12 wt% for all polymer compositions. For comparison, pure PVA solution was used. Electrospinning technique Nanospider (Elmarco, Czech Republic) with a rotating electrode with tines was used to obtain nanofibrous web. The influence of prepared polymer solution compositions on the structure and morphology of nanofibers and webs were investigated. Analyzing the structure and morphology of the formed nanofiber webs, it was noticed that the fineness nanofibers were formed from the PVA/CS solution with a mass ratio of 50/50. This ratio of solution also lets us to obtain the nanofibrous web with less sticked nanofibers on spunbond. The increase in the CS ratio by more than 50/50 had a negative influence on the diameter of nanofibers and the structure of nanofibrous web.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
 Bhardwaj, N., Kundu, S. C. (2010). Electrospinning: a fascinating fiber fabrication technique. Biotechnology Advances, 28, 325-347.
 Huang, Z. M., Zhang, Y. Z., Kotaki, M., Ramakrishna, S. (2003). A review on polymer nanofibres by electrospinning and their applications in nanocomposites. Composites Science and Technology, 63(15), 2223-2253.
 Kleivaite, V., Milašius, R. (2018). Electrospinning - 100 Years of investigations and still open questions of web structure estimation. AUTEX Research Journal, 4(18), 398-404.
 Stijnman, A. C., Bodnar, I., Tromp, R. H. (2011). Electrospinning of food-grade polysaccharides. Food Hydrocolloids, 25, 1393-1398.
 Hualin, W., Wenjuan, W., Suwei, J., Shoatong, J., Linfeng, Z., Qin, Z. (2011). Poly(vinyl alcohol)/oxidized starch fibres via electrospinning technique: fabrication and characterization. Iranian Polymer Journal, 20(7), 551-558.
 Sutka, A., Kukle, S., Gravitis, J., Milašius, R., Malašauskiene J. (2013). Nanofibre electrospinning poly(vinyl alcohol) and cellulose composite mats obtained by use of a cylindrical electrode. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. 2013 (2013), DOI:10.1155/2013/932636.
 Goktepe, F., Mulayim, B. B. (2018). Long path towards to success in electrospun nanofiber yarn production since 1930’s: a critical review. Autex Research Journal, 2(18), 87-109.
 Lee, K. Y., Jeong, L., kang, Y. O., Lee, S. J., Park, W. H. (2009). Electrospinning of polysaccharides for regenerative medicine. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 51, 1020-1032.
 Adomavičiūtė, E., Milašius, R., Žemaitaitis, A., Bendoraitienė, J., Leskovšek, M., Demšar, A. (2009). Methods of forming nanofibres from bicomponent PVA/cationic starch solution. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, 3(74), 29-33.
 Šukytė, J., Adomavičiūtė, E., Milašius, R., Bendoraitienė, J., Danilovas, P. P. (2012). Formation of Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)/cationic starch blend nanofibres via the electrospining technique: the influence of different factors. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, 3(92), 16-20.
 Thillaipandian, H., Vankateshwarapurum, R. G. D. (2017). Comprehensive review on electrospinning of starch for biomedical applications, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 106, 712-718.
 Kong, L., Zeigler, G. R. (2014). Fabrication of pure starch fibers by electrospinning, Food Hydrocolloids, 36, 20-25.
 Cardenas, W., Gomez-Pachon, E. Y. G., Munaz-Graziano, R. (2016). Preparation of potato starch microfibres obtained by electro wet spinning, Materials Science and Engineering, 138.
 Talmoudi, H., Khenoussi, N., Adolphe, D., Said, A. H., Schacher, L. (2018). An in situ crystal growth of metal organic frameworks-5 on electrospun PVA nanofibers. AUTEX Research Journal, 3(18), 308-313.