Implementation of Statistical Process Control (SPC) in the Sewing Section of Garment Industry for Quality Improvement

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Abstract

The main aim of this research was to implement appropriate Statistical Process Control (SPC) techniques for quality characteristics on sewing floor of garment Industry. Among different SPC quality improvements tools, control charts have been selected. After analyzing and selecting different critical parameters based on company and customer requirements, the X-bar and R charts for variable and c-charts for attribute quality characteristics have been identified and implemented in the trouser sewing lines for quality improvement. The check points for selected control chart implementation have also been designed. Remedial action plans for the occurred special cause variations and process stability were developed. The project incorporated theoretical and on-job training schemes for different quality team members, to understand the SPC concept and its implementation procedure. After implementation, significant improvements in the sewing section were achieved. The four months analysis before and after implementation of the SPC tools showed that the rejection percentage was reduced from 9.141% to 6.4%. Successful implementation of the result of this project can significantly improve process performance of other similar manufacturing units with appropriate modification.

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