Optimization of Operational Parameters of Foam Sizing Process for Cotton Yarns Based on Plackett-Burman Experiment Design

Open access

Abstract

This study was aimed at investigating the process optimization of foam sizing for cotton yarns. In this work, effects of major foam-sizing process factors including size concentration, blowing ratio, stirring speed, pre-wetting temperature, pre-drying temperature, squeezing pressure and drying temperature were studied on the hairiness (more than 3 mm) and abrasion resistance of foam-sized yarns. The combination of Plackett-Burman, steepest ascent path analysis and Box-Behnken design were adopted to optimize the foam-sizing process of cotton yarns. Results revealed that size concentration, blowing ratio and squeezing pressure were significant factors that affected the hairiness and abrasion resistance. Optimum hairiness and abrasion resistance were obtained when the cotton yarns were sized at size concentration of 19.33%, blowing ratio of 4.27 and squeezing pressure of 0.78kN. The theoretical values and the observed values were in reasonably good agreement and the deviation was less than 1%. Verifcation and repeated trial results showed that it has good reproducibility and imparts the foam sizing process of cotton yarns.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Perkins W. Walker R. (1982). Foam Sizing. Textile Research Journal 9 547-554.

  • [2] Lu K. Zhang X. L. Zhao Y.L. Wu Z.L. (2010). Removal of color from textile dyeing wastewater by foam separation. Journal of Hazardous Materials 182 (1-3) 928-932.

  • [3] Yu H. Wang Y.L. Zhong Y. Mao Z.P. Tan S. S. (2014). Foam properties and application in dyeing cotton fabrics with reactive dyes. Coloration Technology 130(4) 266-272.

  • [4] Julieta S. N. Guilherme C. M. Carlos J. S. Reis C. Reis E. L. (2011). Polyurethane foams for the removal of the Direct Red 80 and Reactive Blue 21 dyes in aqueous medium. Desalination 281 55-60.

  • [5] Li K. Zhang J. Gong J. (2014) Wrinkle-resistant finish of foam technology for cotton fabric. Journal of Industrial Textiles 43(4) 525-535.

  • [6] Baker K. Bryant G. Camp J. Kelsey B. (1982). Foam Finishing Technology. Textile Research Journal 1982 52(6) 395-403.

  • [7] Namboodri C. Duke M. (1979). Foam Finishing of Cotton-Containing Textiles. Textile Research Journal 49(3) 156-162.

  • [8] Gregorian Bafford Namboodri. (1979). The utilization of foams in wet processing of textiles. American Chemical Society 107 155-174.

  • [9] Perkins W. Walker R. (1984). Some Observations on Foam Sizing. Textile Chemist & Colorist 4 37-39.

  • [10] Perkins W. Walker R. (1980). Foam sizing can halve energy costs. Textile World 130(3) 55-62.

  • [11] Namboodri C. (1986). Foam Sizing of Cotton and Blend Yarns: Slashing Trials. Textile Research Journal 2 87-92.

  • [12] Trauter Vialon. (1986). Aspects of Foam Sizing. Textiletrieb 104(3) 33-41.

  • [13] Trauter Vialon. (1987). State of Foam Sizing. Textile Asia 18(4)97.

  • [14] Vernkar. (1992). Foam Sizing-Perspectives and Limitaions. Man-made Textiles in India 35(2) 51-52.

  • [15] Shah Gandhi. (1990). Technique of Foam Sizing. Indian Textile Journal 100(2) 184-185.

  • [16] Beck. (1989). Foam Technology in Yarn Sizing. Textile Praxis Intertional 623.

  • [17] Yan X. Zhao J. (1988). Foam sizing-the performance characteristics of foaming. Journal of China Textile University 14(4) 1-8.

  • [18] Zhou X. Zhang S. (1999). The research of foam sizing. Journal of zhejiang college of engineering 16(3) 166-171.

  • [19] Gao W. D. Fan X. R. Liu J. L. Zhang J. X. Du L. X. (2014). Technology Study of Foam Sizing. Cotton Textile Technology 42(9) 1-5.

  • [20] Lu Y. Z. Zhang J. X. Liu J. L. Gao W. D. (2014). Sizing effects of foam-sizing and yarn pre-wetting combined process. Journal of Textile Research 12(35) 47-51.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.927
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.016

CiteScore 2018: 1.21

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.395
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.044

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 489 246 13
PDF Downloads 281 175 14