Analysis and Comparison of Thickness and Bending Measurements from Fabric Touch Tester (FTT) and Standard Methods

Open access

Abstract

Fabric Touch Tester (FTT) is a relatively new device from SDL Atlas to determine touch properties of fabrics. It simultaneously measures 13 touch-related fabric physical properties in four modules that include bending and thickness measurements. This study aims to comparatively analyze the thickness and bending measurements made by the FTT and the common standard methods used in the textile industry. The results obtained with the FTT for 11 different fabrics were compared with that of standard methods. Despite the different measurement principle, a good correlation was found between the two methods used for the assessment of thickness and bending. As FTT is a new tool for textile comfort measurement and no standard yet exists, these findings are essential to determine the reliability of the measurements and how they relate to the well-established standard methods.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] S. Chen S. Ge W. Tang J. Zhang and N. Chen “Tactile perception of fabrics with an artificial finger compared to human sensing” Text. Res. J. vol. 85 no. 20 pp. 2177–2187 2015.

  • [2] K. O. Johnson “The roles and functions of cutaneous mechanoreceptors” Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. vol. 11 no. 4 pp. 455–461 2001.

  • [3] N. Nawaz O. Troynikov and C. Watson “Evaluation of surface characteristics of fabrics suitable for skin layer of firefighters’ protective clothing” Phys. Procedia vol. 22 pp. 478–486 2011.

  • [4] M. N. Sun “A New Tester and Method for Measuring Fabric Stiffness and Drape” Text. Res. J. vol. 78 no. 9 pp. 761–770 2008.

  • [5] E. Strazdiene G. Martisiute M. Gutauskas and L. Papreckiene “Textile Hand : A New Method for Textile Objective Evaluation” J. Text. Inst. no. 94:3-4 pp. 245–255 2003.

  • [6] J. Hu “Characterization of Sensory Comfort of Apparel Products” The Hong Kong Polytechnic University 2006.

  • [7] I. L. Ciesielska-Wrobel L. Van Langenhove and K. Grabowska “Fingertip skin models for analysis of the haptic perception of textiles” J. Biomed. Sci. Eng. vol. 7 no. 1 pp. 1–6 2014.

  • [8] J. Z. Wu R. G. Dong S. Rakheja A. W. Schopper and W. P. Smutz “A structural fingertip model for simulating of the biomechanics of tactile sensation” Med. Eng. Phys. vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 165–175 2004.

  • [9] M. M. Q. Xing Z. Sun N. Pan W. Zhong and H. I. Maibach “An EFE model on skin-sleeve interactions during arm rotation” J. Biomech. Eng. vol. 128 no. 6 pp. 872–878 2006.

  • [10] I. L. Ciesielska-Wrobel and L. Van Langenhove “The hand of textiles - definitions achievements perspectives - a review” Text. Res. J. vol. 82 no. 14 pp. 1457–1468 2012.

  • [11] H. Yokura and M. Niwa “Objective hand measurement of nonwoven fabrics used for the top sheets of dis...” Text. Res. J. 2003.

  • [12] M. Inoue and S. Kurata “Theoretical analysis of compression properties of blankets” Int. J. vol. 14 no. 3 pp. 216–222 2002.

  • [13] H. M.Behery Ed. Effect of mechanical and physical properties on fabric hand. Cambridge England: woodhead publishing limited 2005.

  • [14] A. De Boos and David Tester “SiroFAST Fabric Assurance by Simple Testing” 1994.

  • [15] J. Y. Hu L. Hes Y. Li K. W. Yeung and B. G. Yao “Fabric Touch Tester: Integrated evaluation of thermal-mechanical sensory properties of polymeric materials” Polym. Test. vol. 25 no. 8 pp. 1081–1090 2006.

  • [16] X.-X. Wu Y. Li J. Y. Hu X. Liao and Q.-H. Li “A Comparative Study of Fabric Stiffness Based on FTT KES and Subjective Testing” in TEXTILE BIOENGINEERING AND INFORMATICS SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS 2013 pp. 1147–1154.

  • [17] X. Liao Y. Li J. Hu X. Wu and Q. Li “A simultaneous measurement method to characterize touch properties of textile materials” Fibers Polym. vol. 15 no. 7 pp. 1548–1559 2014.

  • [18] X. Liao Y. Li J. Hu Q. Li and X. Wu “Psychophysical Relations between Interacted Fabric Thermal-Tactile Properties and Psychological Touch Perceptions” J. Sens. Stud. vol. 31 no. 3 pp. 181–192 2016.

  • [19] S. Vasile B. Malengier A. De Raeve J. Louwagie and M. Vanderhoeven “Assessment of sensorial comfort of fabrics for protective clothing” in 7th European Conference on Protective Clothing ECPC 2016.

  • [20] K. L. Hatch S. Francisco R. L. Barker S. S. Woo P. Radhakrishnaiah and N. Carolina “In Vivo Cutaneous and Perceived Comfort Response to Fabric Part I: Thermophysiological Comfort Determinations for Three Experimental Knit Fabrics” Text. Res. J. vol. 60 no. 7 pp. 405–412 1990.

  • [21] U. R. Amrit “Bedding textiles and their influence on thermal comfort and sleep” Autex Res. J. vol. 7 no. 4 pp. 252–254 2007.

  • [22] M. Kocik W. Zurek I. Krucinska J. Gersak and J. Jakubczyk “Evaluating the bending rigidity of flat textiles with the use of an instron tensile tester” Fibres Text. East. Eur. vol. 13 no. 2 pp. 31–34 2005.

  • [23] K. Kim M. Takatera and C. Sugiyama “Relationship between jacket comfort and stiffness of adhesive interlining” in PROCEEDING OF INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON KANSEI ENGINEERING AND EMOTION RESEARCH (KEER2014) 2014 pp. 779–787.

  • [24] SDL Atlas and Rycobel “Fabric Touch Tester Instruction Manual.” SDL Atlas 2014.

  • [25] European Committee for Standardization “Textiles-Determination of thickness of textiles and textile products (ISO 5084:1996).” Brussels pp. 1–5 1996.

  • [26] British Standard Institution “Determination of stiffness of cloth (BS 3356:1990).” 1990.

  • [27] F. T. Peirce “The handle of cloth as a measurable quality” J. Text. Inst. 1930.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.927
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.016

CiteScore 2018: 1.21

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.395
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.044

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 782 567 32
PDF Downloads 401 294 12