Thermal Absorptivity Model of Knitted Rib Fabric and its Experimental Verification

Open access

Abstract

Thermal absorptivity is an indicator of warm and cool feeling of textile materials. An equation based on thermal absorptivity of polyester in solid form, porosity of a fabric, and relative contact area of human skin and fabric surface has been developed to characterize thermal absorptivity of fabric. For verification of suggested model, 15 knitted rib fabrics were produced using 100% polyester yarn and having different surface profile. ALAMBETA semiautomatic non-destructive instrument has been used for measuring the effective thermal absorptivity of knitted rib fabric. It was found that the suggested simple theoretical model exhibits significant agreement with the measured thermal absorptivity values of knitted rib fabric, which endorsed the approach applied.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Pac M.J. Bueno M. and Renner M. Warm-Cool Feeling Relative to Tribological Properties of Fabrics. Textile Res. J. 2001. 71(9): p. 806-812.

  • [2] Tzanov T. Betcheva R. and Hardalov I. Thermophysiological comfort silicone softeners-treated woven textile materials. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology 1999. 11(4): p. 189-197.

  • [3] Mitra A. Majumdar A. Majumdar P. K. Bannerjee D. Predicting Thermal Resistance of Cotton Fabrics by Artificial Neural Network Model. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 2013. 50: p. 172-177.

  • [4] Hes L. Thermal properties of nonwovens. Congress Index 87Genf 1987.

  • [5] Hes L. Non-destruction determination of comfort parameters during marketing of functional garment and Apparels. Indian Journal of Fiber and Text. Research 2008(33): p. 239-245.

  • [6] Hes L. and Dolezal I New Method and Equipment for Measuring Thermal Properties of Textiles J. Textile Mach. Soc. Jpn 1989(71): p. 806-812.

  • [7] Hes L. and Stanek J. Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of Heat Conductivity for Nonwoven Fabrics. in NDA-TEC Transactions Philadelphia 1989.

  • [8] Hes L. Dolezal I. New Method and Equipment for Measuring Thermal Properties of Textiles. Sen i Kikai Gakkaishi (Journal of the Textile Machinery Society of Japan) 1989. 42(8): p. 124-128.

  • [9] Hes L. Araujo M. D. and Djulay V. V. Effect of Mutual Bonding of Textile Layers on Thermal Insulation and Thermal Contact Properties of Fabric Assemblies. Textile Research Journal 1996. 66(4): p. 245-250.

  • [10] Rengasamy R.S. Das B.R. Patil Y.B. Thermo-physiological comfort characteristics of polyester air-jet-textured and cotton-yarn fabrics The Journal of The Textile Institute. 2009. 100(6): p. 507-511.

  • [11] Bajzík V. Hand prediction using ordinal logistic regression in Innovations in Clothes and Footwear conference. 2010: Kazimierz Pulaski Technical University of Radom. p. 191-198.

  • [12] Özdil N. Marmaralı A. and Kretzschmar S.D. Effect of yarn properties on thermal comfort of knitted fabrics. International Journal of Thermal Science 2007. 46(12): p. 1318-1322.

  • [13] Oğlakcioğlu N. & Marmarali A. Thermal Comfort Properties of Some Knitted Structures. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2007. 15(5-6): p. 64-65.

  • [14] Özçelik G. et al Sensorial Comfort of Textile Materials in Woven Fabrics H.-Y. Jeon Editor. 2012 InTech.

  • [15] Mangat M.M. Hussain T. Bajzik V. Impact of Different Weft Materials and Washing Treatments on Moisture Management Characteristics of Denim. Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics 2012. 7(1): p. 38-49.

  • [16] Afzal A. et al. Influence of fabric parameters on thermal comfort performance of double layer knitted interlock fabrics. Autex Research Journal 2013.

  • [17] Wiley-VCH ed. Ullmann’s Fibers. Vol. 1. 2008 Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA Weinheim.

  • [18] Militký J. and Havrdová M. Porosity and air permeability of composite clean room textiles. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology 2001. 13(3/4): p. 280-289.

  • [19] Mangat M.M. Hes L. Bajzik V. Thermal resistance models of selected fabrics in wet state and their experimental verification. Textile Research Journal 2014. 85: p. 200-210.

  • [20] Mangat M.M. The Effect of Moisture and Finishing on Thermal Comfort And Selected Mechanical Properties of Denims With a Portion of Synthetic Fibres in Textile Engineering. 2012 Technical University Liberec: Liberec Czech Republic.

  • [21] Militky J. et al. Characterization of yarn irregularity and variation in yarn diameter in Beltwide Cotton Conferences. 2010: New Orleans Louisiana.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.927
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.016

CiteScore 2018: 1.21

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.395
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.044

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 1007 603 16
PDF Downloads 426 252 13