A Statistical Approach for Obtaining the Controlled Woven Fabric Width

Khubab Shaker 1 , Muhammad Umair 1 , Muhammad Maqsood 1 , Yasir Nawab 1 , Sheraz Ahmad 1 , Abher Rasheed 1 , Munir Ashraf 1  and Abdul Basit 1
  • 1 Faculty of Engineering & Technology, National Textile University, Faisalabad-37610, Pakistan Office address: Department of Materials & Testing, Faculty of Engineering & Technology, National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad-37610, Pakistan

Abstract

A common problem faced in fabric manufacturing is the production of inconsistent fabric width on shuttleless looms in spite of the same fabric specifications. Weft-wise crimp controls the fabric width and it depends on a number of factors, including warp tension, temple type, fabric take-up pressing tension and loom working width. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of these parameters on the fabric width produced. Taguchi’s orthogonal design was used to optimise the weaving parameters for obtaining controlled fabric width. On the basis of signal to noise ratios, it could be concluded that controlled fabric width could be produced using medium temple type and intense take-up pressing tension at relatively lower warp tension and smaller loom working width. The analysis of variance revealed that temple needle size was the most significant factor affecting the fabric width, followed by loom working width and warp tension, whereas take-up pressing tension was least significant of all the factors investigated in the study.

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