Antibacterial dyeing of polyamide using turmeric as a natural dye

Open access


Curcuma longa rhizome (turmeric) is a medicinal plant used for fabric and food coloration. In this study, polyamide (nylon 6.6) fabric was dyed with different mordants at various turmeric concentrations. The dyed fabric was evaluated for bacteriostatic activity against pathogenic strains of Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gramnegative (Escherichia coli) bacteria. The relationship between bacteriostatic activity and turmeric concentration was investigated. Durability of antibacterial activity to laundering is also discussed. Results indicate that the polyamide dyed with turmeric displayed excellent antibacterial activity in the presence of ferric sulfate, cupric sulfate, and potassium aluminum sulfate, and exhibited good and durable fastness properties.

[1] Qian T., Su H. and Tan T., 2011, The bactericidal and mildew-proof activity of a TiO2-chitosan composite, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 218, pp. 130–136.

[2] Purwar R. and Joshi M., 2004, Recent developments in antimicrobial finishing of textiles – a review, AATCC Review, vol. 4(3), pp. 22–25.

[3] Schindler W.D. and Hauser P.J., 2004, Chemical Finishing of Textiles, Woodhead, England, Cambridge.

4] Gao Y. and Cranston R., 2008, Recent Advances in Antimicrobial Treatments of Textiles, Textile Research Journal, vol. 78(1), pp. 60–72.

[5] Hao L.F., An Q.F., Xu W. and Wang Q.J., 2010, Synthesis of fluoro-containing superhydrophobic cotton fabric with washing resistant property using nano-SiO2 sol-gel method, Advance Material Research, vol. 121, pp. 23–26.

[6] Yu M., Gu G., Meng W.D. and Qing F.L., 2007, Superhydrophobic cotton fabric coating based on a complex layer of silica nanoparticles and perfluorooctylated quaternary ammonium silane coupling agent, Applied Surface Science, vol. 253, pp. 3669–3673.

[7] Lin J., Winkelman K., Worley S.D., Broughton R.M. and Williams J.F., 2001, Antimicrobial treatment of nylon, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 81, pp. 943–947.

[8] Mirjalili M. and Karimi L., 2013, The impact of nitrogen low temperature plasma treatment upon the physical– chemical properties of polyester fabric, Journal of The Textile Institute, vol. 104(1), pp. 98–107.

[9] Khalil-Abad M.S., Yazdanshenas M.E. and Nateghi M.R., 2009, Effect of cationization on adsorption of silver nanoparticles on cotton surfaces and its antibacterial activity, Cellulose, vol. 16, pp. 1147–1157.

[10] Armelao L., Barreca D., Bottaro G., Gasparotto A., Maccato C., Maragno C., Tondello E., Stangar U., Bergant M. and Mahne D., 2007, Photocatalytic and antibacterial activity of TiO2 and Au/TiO2 nanosystems, Nanotechnology, vol. 18, pp. 375709–37516.

[11] Nakashima T., Sakagami Y., Ito H. and Matsuo M., 2001, Antibacterial activity of cellulose fabrics modified with metallic salts, Textile Research Journal, vol. 71(8), pp. 688–694.

[12] Karimi L., Mirjalili M., Yazdanshenas M.E. and Nazari A., 2010, Effect of nano TiO2 on self-cleaning property of cross-linking cotton fabric with succinic acid under UV irradiation, Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 86, pp. 1030–1037.

[13] Wong M., Chu W., Sun D., Huang H., Chen J., Tsai P., Lin N., Yu M., Hsu S., Wang S. and Chang H., 2006, Visible-light-induced bactericidal activity of a nitrogendoped titanium photocatalyst against human pathogens, Applied Environmental Microbiology, vol. 72(9), pp. 6111–6116.

[14] Dubas S.T., Kumlangdudsana P. and Potiyaraj P., 2006, Layer-by-layer deposition of antimicrobial silver nanoparticles on textile fibres, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 289, pp. 105–109.

[15] Khan M.I., Ahmad A., Khan S.A., Yusuf M., Shahid M., Manzoor N. and Mohammad F., 2011, Assessment of antimicrobial activity of Catechu and its dyed substrate, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 19, pp. 1385–1394.

[16] Armitage J.M., Macleod M. and Cousins I.T., 2009, Comparative assessment of the global fate and transport pathways of long-chain perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) and perfluorocarboxylates (PFCs) emitted from direct sources, Environmental Science Technology, vol. 43(15), pp. 5830–5836.

[17] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, PFOA Stewardship Program, 2010/2015.

[18] Ali S., Hussai T. and Nawaz R., 2009, Optimization of alkaline extraction of natural dye from Henna leaves and its dyeing on cotton by exhaust method, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 17, pp. 61–66.

[19] Mirjalili M., Nazarpoor K. and Karimi L., 2011, Eco-friendly dyeing of wool using natural dye from weld as co-partner with synthetic dye, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 19, pp. 1045–1051.

[20] Prusty A.K., Das T., Nayak A. and Das N.B., 2010, Colourimetric analysis and antimicrobial study of natural dyes and dyed silk, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 18, pp. 1750–1756.

[21] Singh R., Jain A., Panwar S., Gupta D. and Khare S.K., 2005, Antimicrobial activity of some natural dyes, Dyes and Pigments, vol. 66, pp. 99–102.

[22] Mirjalili M., Nazarpoor K. and Karimi L., 2011, Extraction and identification of dye from walnut green husks for silk dyeing, Asian Journal of Chemistry, vol. 23(3), pp. 1055– 1059.

[23] Han S. and Yang Y., 2005, Antimicrobial activity of wool fabric treated with curcumin, Dyes and Pigments, vol. 64, pp. 157–161.

[24] Hao X. and Lu Y.H., 2011, Dyeing properties of tussah silk fabric with indigo naturalis and turmeric, Advanced Materials Research, vol. 331, pp. 352–355.

[25] Ujjin S. and Jantip S., 2012, Study on the dyeing properties of poly(lactic acid) and silk yarns with natural dyes, Advanced Materials Research, vol. 486, pp. 384–387.

[26] Bechtold T. and Mussak R., 2009, Handbook of Natural Colorants. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

[27] Barik A., Mishra B., Kunwar A., Kadam R.M., Shen L., Dutta S., Padhye S., Satpati A.K., Zhang H. and Priyadarsini K.I., 2007, Comparative study of copper(II): curcumin complexes as superoxide dismutase mimics and free radical scavengers, European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 42, pp. 431–439.

[28] Ghoreishian S.M., Maleknia L., Mirzapour H. and Norouzi M., 2013, Antibacterial properties and color fastness of silk fabric dyed with turmeric extract, Fibers and Polymers, vol. 14(2), pp. 201–207.

[29] Sundrarajan M., Rukmani A., Gandhi R.R. and Vigneshwaran S., 2012, Eco friendly modification of cotton using enzyme and chitosan for enhanced dyeability of Curcuma longa, Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, vol. 4(3), pp. 1654–1660.

[30] Lewin M., 2007, Handbook of Fiber Chemistry, third edition, CRC Press.

[31] Nagia F.A. and EL-Mohamedy R.S.R., 2007, Dyeing of wool with natural anthraquinone dyes from Fusarium oxysporum, Dyes and Pigments, vol. 75, pp. 550–555.

[32] Nadtchenko V.A., Rincon A.G., Stanca S.E. and Kiwi J., 2005, Dynamics of E. coli membrane cell peroxidation during TiO2 photocatalysis studied by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy and AFM microscopy, Journal of Photochemistry Photobiology A:Chemistry, vol. 169, pp. 131–137.

Autex Research Journal

The Journal of Association of Universities for Textiles (AUTEX)

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.957
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.027

CiteScore 2017: 1.18

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.448
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.465

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 411 411 32
PDF Downloads 229 229 39