Utopist with Common Sense. Self-Narration and Career Making in the Works of Ferenc Balázs

Júlia-Réka Vallasek 1
  • 1 Babeş–Bolyai University (Cluj-Napoca, Romania) Department of Journalism , Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Abstract

My study focuses on the self-narration of the young Transylvanian writer and social activist of the first part of the twentieth century, Ferenc Balázs, based on his personal correspondence and his autobiographical works. The medieval tradition of peregrination becomes a journey around the world which later will offer the ideological background of his work, and an evergoing clash between cultural traditions. Both his literary work and social achievement are characterized by premodern nostalgia for rural life mixed with utopian socialist ideas. The task of shaping a traditionalist, rural community according to modern idea becomes a token of individual achievement in his works. Balázs’s self-narration is contrasted in the memoirs of his wife and co-worker, Christine Frederiksen (The Alabaster Village), narrated from the special point of view of the stranger. Her interpretation comes to complete a story filled with complex interactions of cultural representations.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Balázs, Ferenc. n. y. Letters. Manuscript.

  • Balázs, Ferenc. 1922. Mesefolyam. [Fairy Tale River.] Szatmár: Cimbora.

  • Balázs, Ferenc. 1923. Az erdélyi magyar irodalom. Versek - elbeszélések - tanulmányok tizenegy fiatal erdélyi írótól erdélyi művészek rajzaival. [Poems - Short Stories - Essays by Eleven Young Transylvanian Writers Illustrated with Drawings of Transylvanian Artists.] Kolozsvár.

  • Balázs, Ferenc. 1935. “Isten völgye.” [“The Valley of God.”] Erdélyi Fiatalok no. 4: 111-116.

  • Balázs, Ferenc. 1936a. A rög alatt. [Under the Clod.] Torda: Aranyosszéki Vidékfejlesztő.

  • Balázs, Ferenc. 1936b. Zöld árvíz. [The Green Flood.] Kolozsvár: Erdélyi Szépmíves Céh.

  • Balázs, Ferenc. 1975. Bejárom a kerek világot. [Travelling All Over the World.] Bucharest: Kriterion.

  • Bárdi, Nándor. 2013. Otthon és haza. Tanulmányok a romániai magyar kisebbség történetéről. [Home and Homeland. Studies on the History of the Hungarian Minority in Romania.] Spectrum Hungarologicum VI. Jyveskyle - Pécs: University of Jyväskylä, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Art and Culture Studies, Hungarian Studies.

  • Bolyai, Zoltán (Gábor Gaál). 1930. “Bejárta a kerek világot Balázs Ferenc.”

  • [“Ferenc Balázs Was Travelling All Over the World.”] Korunk no. 6: 478-479.

  • Ligeti, Ernő. 1941. Súly alatt a pálma. [Palm Tree Grows under Burden]. Kolozsvár: Fraternitas RT.

  • Mester, Miklós. 2012. Arcképek. Két tragikus kor árnyékában. Visszapillantás a magyarországi 1944. esztendőre. [Portraits. In the Shadows of Two Tragical Eras. Looking back at the Year 1944 of Hungary.] Budapest: Tarsoly Kiadó.

  • Mikó, Imre. 1975. “A világjáró Balázs Ferenc - Előszó.” [“The Globetrotter Ferenc Balázs - Foreword.”] In Bejárom a kerek világot [Travelling All Over the World], Balázs Ferenc, 5-32. Bucharest: Kriterion.

  • Mikó, Imre, Antal Kicsi, István Horváth Sz.. 1983. Balázs Ferenc. [Ferenc Balázs.] Bucharest: Kriterion.

  • Morgan, Christine. 1997. Alabaster Village. Our Years in Transylvania. Boston: Unitarian Universalist Association, Skinner House Books.

  • Székely, László (Szabédi László). 1930. “Balázs Ferenc: Bejárom a kerek világot.” [“Ferenc Balázs: Travelling All Over the World.”] Erdélyi Fiatalok no. 3: 74-75.

  • Toyohiko, Kagawa. 1936. Brotherhood Economics. Harper and Brothers, University of Michigan.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search