Collective Cultural Memory as a TV Guide: “Living” History and Nostalgia on the Digital Television Platform

Open access

Abstract

Modern audiences engage with representations of the past in a particular way via the medium of television, negotiating a shared understanding of the past. This is evidenced by the increasing popularity of reboots, newly developed history and documentary programming, re-use of archival footage and nostalgia content. This article takes a closer look at television’s abilities to circulate and contextualize the past in the current era of convergence through narrowcasting or niche programming on digital television platforms, specifically via nostalgia programming. Such platforms exemplify the multifaceted way of looking at and gaining access to television programming through a variety of connected platforms and screens in the current multi-platform era. Since the way in which television professionals (producers, schedulers, commissioners, researchers) act as moderators in this process needs to be further analysed, the article places an emphasis on how meaningful connections via previously broadcast history and nostalgia programming are also curated, principally through scheduling and production practices for niche programming – key elements in television’s creative process that have received less academic attention. Furthermore, the article discusses to what extent media policy in the Netherlands is attuned to the (re-)circulation of previously broadcast content and programming about past events, and reflects on television’s possibilities for “re-screening” references to the past in the contemporary media landscape. The analysis is based on a combination of textual analysis of audio-visual archival content and a production studies approach of interviews with key professionals, to gain insight into the creators’ strategies in relation to nostalgia programming and scheduling. Subsequently, the article demonstrates how national collective memory, as understood by television professionals in the Netherlands, informs the scheduling and circulation of “living history” on the digital thematic channel – collective cultural memory hence functioning as a TV guide.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Bond Lucy; Stef Craps and Pieter Vermeulen eds. 2017. Memory Unbound: Tracing the Dynamics of Memory Studies. New York: Berghahn Books.

  • Boym Svetlana. 2001. The Future of Nostalgia. New York: Basic Books.

  • Bolter Jay David and Richard Grusin. 1999. Remediation: Understanding New Media. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

  • Buonanno Milly. 2008. The Age of Television: Experiences and Theories. Bristol: Intellect Books.

  • Bourdon Jérôme. 2003. Some Sense of Time: Remembering Television. History and Memory vol. 15 no. 2: 5–35.

  • De Cesari Chiara and Ann Rigney. 2014. Transnational Memory: Circulation Articulation Scales. Berlin: De Gruyter.

  • Dijck José van. 2007. Mediated Memories in the Digital Age. Stanford CA: Stanford University Press.

  • Edgerton Gary R and Peter C Rollins eds. 2001. Television Histories: Shaping Collective Memory in the Media Age. Lexington KY: University Press of Kentucky.

  • Ellis John. 2000. Scheduling: The Last Creative Act in Television? Media Culture and Society vol 22 no. 1: 25–38.

  • Elsaesser Thomas. 2008. History Media Memory – Three Discourses in Dispute. In Witness: Memory Representation and the Media in Question eds. Ulrik Ekman and Frederik Tygstrup 393–413. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press.

  • Erll Astrid. 2008. Cultural Memory Studies: An Introduction. In Cultural Memory Studies: An International and Interdisciplinary Handbook eds. Astrid Erll Ansgar Nünning and Sara B Young 1–15. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

  • Erll Astrid and Ann Rigney. 2009. Introduction. In Mediation Remediation and the Dynamics of Cutural Memory eds. Astrid Erll and Ann Rigney 1–13. Berlin: De Gruyter.

  • Erll Astrid. 2011. Memory in Culture. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Fentress James and Chris Wickham. 1992. Social Memory. Oxford: Blackwell.

  • Halbwachs Maurice. 1980. The Collective Memory. New York: Harper and Row.

  • Hagedoorn Berber. 2013. Television as a Hybrid Repertoire of Memory: New Dynamic Practices of Cultural Memory in the Multi-Platform Era. VIEW: Journal of European Television History and Culture vol. 2 no. 3 (European TV Memories): 52–64. Online version: http://www.viewjournal.eu/index.php/view/article/view/jethc032/60. Last accessed 13. 10. 2017.

  • Hagedoorn Berber. 2015. Towards a Participatory Memory: Multi-platform Storytelling in Historical Television Documentary. Continuum: Journal of Media and Cultural Studies vol. 29 no. 4 (New Media Histories and Memories): 579–592.

  • Hagedoorn Berber. 2016. Doing History Creating Memory: Representing the Past in Documentary and Archive-Based Television Programmes within a Multi-Platform Landscape Dissertation. Utrecht: Utrecht University.

  • Hagedoorn Berber and Bas Agterberg. 2016. The End of the Television Archive as We Know It? The National Archive as an Agent of Historical Knowledge in the Convergence Era. Media and Communication vol. 4 no. 3: 162–175.

  • Holdsworth Amy. 2007. Television Resurrections: Television and Memory. Cinema Journal vol. 47 no. 3: 137–144.

  • Holdsworth Amy. 2010. Televisual Memory. Screen vol. 51 no. 2: 129–142.

  • Holdsworth Amy. 2011. Television Memory and Nostalgia. Basingstoke Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Hoskins Andrew. 2004. Television and the Collapse of Memory. Time & Society vol. 13 no. 1: 109–127.

  • Hoskins Andrew ed. 2017. Digital Memory Studies: Media Pasts in Transition. London: Routledge.

  • Jönsson Mats. 2008. Marcimainstream? History in Two Contemporary Swedish TV-Serie. Film International vol. 6 no. 5: 36–41.

  • Kalinina Ekaterina. 2014. Multiple Faces of the Nostalgia Channel in Russia. VIEW: Journal of European Television History and Culture vol. 3 no. 5: 52–64.

  • Kompare Derek. 2002. I’ve Seen This One Before: The Construction of ‘Classic TV’ on Cable Television. In Small Screens Big Ideas: Television in the 1950s ed. Janet Thumim 19–34. London: I.B. Tauris.

  • Kompare Derek. 2006. Publishing Flow: DVD Box Sets and the Reconception of Television. Television and New Media vol. 7 no. 4: 335–360.

  • Korteweg D.A. and P.B. Hugenholtz. 2011. Digitalisering van audiovisueel materiaal door erfgoedinstellingen: Modellen voor licenties en vergoedingen. [Digitization of Audiovisual Material by Heritage Institutions: Models for Licenses and Fees]. Amsterdam: Instituut voor Informatierecht Universiteit van Amsterdam.

  • Kraak Haro. Toekomstplannen NPO zeer kritisch ontvangen. de Volkskrant. http://www.volkskrant.nl/media/toekomstplannen-npo-zeer-kritisch-ontvangen~a4144984/. Last accessed 18. 09. 2015.

  • Müller Eggo. 2012. Televisie in een convergerend medialandschap: 1995–2010. [Television in a Converging Media Landscape: 1995–2010] In Een eeuw van beeld en geluid: cultuurgeschiedenis van radio en televisie in Nederland eds. Bert Hogenkamp Sonja de Leeuw and Huub Wijfjes 274–317. Hilversum: Beeld en Geluid.

  • Niemeyer Katharina ed. 2014. Media and Nostalgia: Yearning for the Past Present and Future. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Nuchelmans André. 2014. Publieke omroepen en digitale platformen: Een blik op het verleden en op de toekomst. [Public Broadcasters and Digital Platforms: A Look at the Past and the Future] Boekman no. 98: 32–39.

  • Nora Pierre. 1989. Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Mémoire. Representations no. 26: 7–25.

  • Plate Liedeke and Anneke Smelik eds. 2009. Technologies of Memory in the Arts. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Radstone Susannah ed. 2000. Memory and Methodology. Oxford: Berg.

  • Samuel Raphael. 1994. Theatres of Memory: Past and Present in Contemporary Culture. London: Verso.

  • Stelter Brian. Giddy-up! Seinfeld Is Now Streaming on Hulu CNN Moneyhttp://money.cnn.com/2015/06/24/media/hulu-seinfeld/. Last accessed 24. 06. 2015.

  • Sobchack Vivian Carol ed. 1996. The Persistence of History: Cinema Television and the Modern Event. New York: Routledge.

  • Sturken Marita. 1997. Tangled Memories: The Vietnam War the AIDS Epidemic and the Politics of Remembering. Berkeley: University of California Press.

  • Sturken Marita. 2008. Memory Consumerism and Media: Reflections on the Emergence of the Field. Memory Studies vol. 1 no. 1: 73–78.

  • Spigel Lynn. 2005. Our TV Heritage: Television the Archive and the Reasons for Preservation. In A Companion to Television ed. Janet Wasko 67–99. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suche
Zeitschrifteninformation
Metrics
Gesamte Zeit Letztes Jahr Letzte 30 Tage
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 809 390 8
PDF Downloads 444 279 7