City in Modern Cultural Criticism: Lewis Mumford and István Hajnal

Open access

Abstract

The critique of the city is an almost obligatory cliché of the 20thcentury cultural criticism. This paper offers a parallel critical analysis of the conceptions of American ecologist Lewis Mumford and Hungarian historian István Hajnal. They were contemporaries, and their approaches had been inspired by interwar cultural criticism. Mumford did not hate the city: it was, for him, the engine of history, a reservoir of cultural creativeness. The theory of Hajnal, from many aspects, runs parallel with Mumford’s – moreover, the Hungarian historian gives a detailed theory on the types of European city. What connects them is an ecological approach.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • BLAKE Casey Nelson. 1990. Beloved Community. The Cultural Criticism of Randolph Bourne Van Wycks Brooks Waldo Frank and Lewis Mumford. Chapel Hill and London: The University of North Carolina Press.

  • FARRENKOPF John. 2001. Prophet of Decline. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

  • FELKEN Detlef. 1988. Oswald Spengler. Konservativer Denker zwischen Kaiserreich und Diktatur. Munich: Verlag C. H. Beck.

  • HAJNAL István. 1993. Az európai város kialakulása [The Emergence of the European City]. In: Glatz Ferenc (ed.) Technika művelődés [Technology Culture]. Budapest: História Kiadó–MTA Történettudományi Intézete. 205–242.

  • HUGHES Henry Stewart. 1952. Oswald Spengler. A Critical Estimate. New York: Scribner.

  • KOKTANEK Anton Mirko. 1968: Oswald Spengler in seiner Zeit. Munich: Verlag C. H. Beck.

  • KOVÁCS Gábor. 2016. The Rise of Modernity: The Relation of Religion Capitalism and Democracy in the European Context. In: Juhant Janez–Žalec Bojan (eds) Which Religion What Ideology? The (Religious) Potentials for Peace and Violence. Münster: LIT Verlag. 97–103.

  • 2011a. The Myth of the Wicked City in the Cultural Criticism of O. Spengler. Limes: Cultural Regionalistics 4(1): 64–74.

  • 2011b. A Short History of Modernity from “The Fable of the Bees to Brave New World”: Lewis Mumford and His Critique of Modernity. In: Juhant J.–Žalec B. (eds) Humanity after Selfish Prometheus: Changes of Dialogue and Ethics in a Technicized World. Münster: LIT Verlag. 201–208.

  • 2009. A Forefather of Environmentalism – Lewis Mumford the Critic of Technology and Civilization. Philobiblon 14: 249–255.

  • MUMFORD Lewis. 1973. Interpretations and Forecasts: 1922–1972. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

  • 1961: The City in History. Its Origins Its Transformations and its Prospects. New York: Harcourt Brace and Company.

  • 1938. The Culture of Cities. New York: Harcourt Brace and Company.

  • MILLER Donald L. 1989. Lewis Mumford. A Life. New York: Weidenfeld & Nicholson.

  • SZIRÁK Péter. 2008. Socialising Technology: The Archives of István Hajnal. Studies in East European Thought 60(1–2): 135–147.

  • WHITE Morton–WHITE Lucia. 1962. The Intellectual versus the City: From Thomas Jefferson to Frank Lloyd Wright. Harvard University Press.

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 152 108 9
PDF Downloads 126 94 5