Phenotypic characterization of Ethiopian finger millet accessions (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn), for their agronomically important traits

Open access


Cereal finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn) is one of the most promising vital crops of Asia and Africa in the face of climate change. It has a capacity to adapt to extreme environmental conditions and can be grown under a wide range of wider agroecology. It is believed to be originated in the highlands of Ethiopia and then disseminated across the globe. It is mainly cultivated as dietary staple food for humans, animal feeds and also used as medicinal crop. Though finger millet is recognized as the most important staple crop, particularly for the poor people in dry and semidry areas, it has been neglected and given little concern in mainstreaming the crop for its improvement research.

[1] Vavilov, N. I. (1951), The origin, variation, immunity and breeding of cultivated plants. Chron. Bot. 13, 1–366.

[2] Zonary, D. (1970), Centers of diversity and centers of origin. In: Frankel, O. M., Bennett, E. (eds.), Genetic resources in plants, their exploration and conservation. Oxford: Blackwell. 33–42.

[4] National Research Council. (1996), Lost crops of Africa. Vol. 1: Grains. Washington, DC, USA: National Academy Press.

[5] Barbeau, W. E., Hilu, K. W. (1993), Protein, calcium, iron and amino acid content of selected wild and domesticated cultivars of Wnger millet. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr. 43, 97–104.

[6] Upadhyaya, H. D, Gowda, C. L. L., Pundir, R. P. S., Reddy, V. G., Singh, S. (2006), Development of core subset of finger millet germplasm using geographical origin and data on 14 quantitative traits. Gen. Res. Crop Evo. 53, 679–685.

[7] Dida, M. M., Srinivasachary S., Ramakrishnan, J. L., Bennetzen, M. D., Devos, K. M. (2007), The genetic map of finger millet, Eleusine coracana. Theor. Applied Genet. 114, 321–332.

[8] CSA (2017). Agricultural sample survey report on area and production for major crops (Private peasant holdings, main season). The FDRE Statistical Bulletin 439(1). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

[9] Mulatu, T., Debelo, A., Gutema, Z., Degu, E. (1995), Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn]: a potential crop in Ethiopia. In: Proceeding of the Workshop Organized to Re-Establish Sorghum and Millet in Eastern and Central Africa. 6–9 November 1995. Kampala, Uganda. 124–132.

[10] Tsehaye, T., Kebebew, F. (2002), Morphological diversity and geographic distribution of adaptive traits in finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. (Poaceae)] populations from Ethiopia. Ethiopian J. Biol. Sci. 1, 37–62.

[11] Degu, E., Adugna, A., Tadesse, T., Tesso, T. (2009), Genetic resources, breeding and production of millets in Ethiopia. In: New approaches to plant breeding of orphan crops in Africa. Proceedings of an International Conference, Bern, Switzerland, 19–21 September 2007.

[12] Molla, F. (2010), Genotype x environment interaction and stability analyses of yield and yield related traits of finger millet (Eleusinecoracana (L) Gaertn) varieties in North Western Ethiopia. M.Sc. thesis presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Haramaya University.

[13] Ojo, D. K., Omikunle, O. A., Oduwaye, O. A., Ajala, M. O., Ogunbayo, S. A. (2006), Heritability, character correlation and path coefficient analysis among six inbred lines of maize (Zea mays L.). World J. Agric. Sci. 2(3), 352–358.

[14] Idahosa, D. O., Alika, J. E., Omoregie, A. U. (2010), Genetic variability, heritability and expected genetic advance as indices for yield and yield components selection in Cowpea (Vigna ungiculata (L.) Walp. Academia Arena 2(5), 22–26.

[15] IBPGR. (1985), Descriptors for finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn). Rome, Italy: International Board for Plant Genetic Resources.

[16] Burton, G. W., de Vane, E. H. (1953), Estimating heritability in tall fescue (Festuca Arundinacea) from replicated clonal material. Agron. J. 45, 481–487.

[17] Johnson, H. W., Robinson, H. F., Comstock, R. E. (1955), Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soybeans. Agron. J. 47, 314–318.

[18] Allard, R. W. (1960), Principles of plant breeding. New York: John Willey and Sons.

[19] Deshmukh, S. N., Basu, M. S., Reddy, P. S. (1986), Genetic variability, character association and path coefficient analysis of quantitative traits in Virginia bunch varieties of groundnut. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 56, 816–821.

[20] Tesfamichael, A., Githiri, S. M., Kasili, R., Woldeamlak, A., Nyende, A. B. (2015), Genetic variation among sorghum (Sorghum bicolorL. Moench) landraces from Eritrea under postflowering drought stress conditions. American Journal of Plant Sciences 6, 1410–1424. (

[21] Rafique, M., Hussain, A., Mahmood, T., Alvi, A. W., Alvi, B. (2004), Heritability and interrelationships among grain yield and yield componentsin maize (Zea maysL). International Journal of Agricultural Biology 6, 1113–1114.

[22] Rafiq, C. M., Rafique, M., Hussain, A., Altaf, M. (2010), Studies on heritability, correlation and path analysis in maize (Zea maysL.). Agricultural Research 48, 35–38.

[23] Singh, B. D. (2001), Plant breeding: principles and methods. New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers.

Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Agriculture and Environment

The Journal of "Sapientia" Hungarian University of Transylvania

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 197 197 31
PDF Downloads 99 99 26