“Build Back Better”: Between Public Policy and Local Implementation, the Challenges in Tohoku’s Reconstruction

Camille Cosson 1
  • 1 Kyoto Institute of Technology, , Kyoto, Japan

Abstract

Although Japan, because of its long history of natural disasters, has always been one of the most prepared country, the 2011 Great East Japanese Earthquake and tsunami caused unprecedented damages to the country. This paper introduces public policies for urban resilience from international level to national level, analysing Tohoku’s reconstruction. First, we will introduce the United Nations frameworks and guidelines for “Build Back Better” before confronting this theory with its practical application. Concluding remarks suggest that Japanese reconstruction policies provoked some challenges in the local implementation of urban resilience.

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