Food Safety Legislation Regarding Of Aflatoxins Contamination

Open access

Abstract

The main objective of the European Union (EU) is to reduce certain contaminants in foodstuffs to acceptable levels. The occurrence of aflatoxin B1 in food was considered to be one of the most important issues of global food security to protect the health of humans and animals, over 100 nations have established maximum tolerable levels for aflatoxin in food. Although EU legislation covers many aspects of food safety was not legally establish an integrated framework that could effectively combat and cover all sectors of the food chain. Monitoring and reporting levels of aflatoxins after controls are essential actions that assist to identify potential risks to human health. The review process for aflatoxin regulations is a complex activity involving many factors and stakeholders.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Dorp V. and C.A. Reference-data modeling for tracking and tracing. Wageningen: Wageningen University.(2004)

  • 2. Asmarndei Viorel C.N. Gheorghiţă Vlad Manual pentru efectuarea controlului ofi cial al unităţilor din domeniul alimenta in ansa.gov.md.(2013)

  • 3. Berechet G. Planul de siguranța alimentelor pe baza principiilor HACCP. in Conferința HRB Expert. București.(2006)

  • 4. Otto K. Cercetări privind posibilităţile de reducere a Aflatoxinei M din produsele lactate prin utilizarea unor metode biotehnologice moderne Sibiu: Editura Universităţii “Lucian Blaga” din Sibiu. 220.(2015)

  • 5. Sargeant K. et al. Toxicity associated with certain samples of groundnuts.(1961)

  • 6. IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans World Health Organization and International Agency for Research on Cancer Some Traditional Herbal Medicines Some Mycotoxins Naphthalene and Styrene: Some traditional herbal medicines some mycotoxins naphthalene and styrene. World Health Organization.(2002)

  • 7. Trucksess M. and P. Scott Mycotoxins in botanicals and dried fruits: a review. Food additives and contaminants. 25(2): p. 181-192.(2008)

  • 8. Shim W.-B. et al. Development of immunochromatography strip-test using nanocolloidal gold-antibody probe for the rapid detection of aflatoxin B1 in grain and feed samples. Journal of microbiology and biotechnology. 17(10): p. 1629-1637.(2007)

  • 9. Berthiller F. et al. Chromatographic methods for the simultaneous determination of mycotoxins and their conjugates in cereals. Int J Food Microbiol. 119(1-2): p. 33-7.(2007)

  • 10. Pereira V.L. J.O. Fernandes and S.C. Cunha Mycotoxins in cereals and related foodstuffs: A review on occurrence and recent methods of analysis. Trends in Food Science & Technology. 36(2): p. 96-136.(2014)

  • 11. Rodriguez-Carrasco Y. et al. Exposure estimates to Fusarium mycotoxins through cereals intake. Chemosphere. 93(10): p. 2297-303.(2013)

  • 12. Khayoon W.S. et al. Micro-solid phase extraction with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for the determination of aflatoxins in coffee and malt beverage. Food Chem. 147: p. 287-94.(2014)

  • 13. Kaya-Celiker H. et al. Discrimination of moldy peanuts with reference to aflatoxin using FTIR-ATR system. Food Control. 44: p. 64-71.(2014)

  • 14. Scaglioni P.T. et al. Aflatoxin B(1) and M(1) in milk. Anal Chim Acta. 829: p. 68-74.(2014)

  • 15. Afshar P. et al. Occurrence of Ochratoxin A and Aflatoxin M1 in human breast milk in Sari Iran. Food Control. 31(2): p. 525-529.(2013)

  • 16. Anfossi L. et al. Occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in Italian cheese: Results of a survey conducted in 2010 and correlation with manufacturing production season milking animals and maturation of cheese. Food Control. 25(1): p. 125-130.(2012)

  • 17. Bilandžić N. I. Varenina and B. Solomun Aflatoxin M1 in raw milk in Croatia. Food Control. 21(9): p. 1279-1281.(2010)

  • 18. Beheshti H.R. and M. Asadi Aflatoxins in sunflower and safflower seeds from Iran. Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B. 6(1): p. 68-71.(2013)

  • 19. Prandini A. et al. On the occurrence of aflatoxin M 1 in milk and dairy products. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 47(5): p. 984-991.(2009)

  • 20. Commission E. agriculture in http://ec.europa.eu/.(2008)

  • 21. eur-lex eur-lex.europa in eur-lex.europa.(2008)

  • 22. Wu F. and H. Guclu Aflatoxin regulations in a network of global maize trade. PloS one. 7(9): p. e45151.(2012)

  • 23. Commission E. Commission Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 of 19 December 2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs (Text with EEA relevance) in 1881/2006 E. Commission Editor. (2006)

  • 24. Commission E. Commission Regulation (EU) No 165/2010 of 26 February 2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs as regards aflatoxins in 1865/2010 E. Commission Editor. (2010)

  • 25. Commission E. Commission Regulation (EU) No 1058/2012 of 12 November 2012 amending Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 as regards maximum levels for aflatoxins in dried figs in 1058/2012 E. Commission Editor. (2012)

  • 26. Uniunea Europeană Regulamentul (CE) nr. 1881/2006 din 19 decembrie 2006 de stabilire a nivelurilor maxime pentru anumiţi contaminanţi din produsele alimentare in Reg. CE. 1881/2006 C. Europena Editor. © Uniunea Europeană http://eur-lex.europa.eu/ 1998-2014: Bruxelles.(2006)

  • 27. Vicario L. siguranta alimentara in europarl.europa.eu.(2014)

  • 28. European Commission White paper on food safety. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.(1999)

  • 29. Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Globalization of Food Systems in Developing Countries: Impact on Food Security And Nutrition. Fao Food & Nutrition Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.(2004)

  • 30. Motarjemi Y. M. vanschothorst and F. Käferstein Future challenges in global harmonization of food safety legislation. Food Control. 12(6): p. 339-346.(2001)

  • 31. European Commission. 50 years of food safety in the European Union Health and Consumer Protection Directorate-General. Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/docs/50years_foodsafety_en.pdf.(2007)

  • 32. European Commission. The General Principles of Food Law in the European Union. Commission Green Paper. COM (97) 176 final 30 April 1997. Available from: http://aei.pitt.edu/1182/1/food_law_gp_COM_90_218.pdf.(1997)

  • 33. European Commission. White Paper on Food Safety. Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_consumer/library/pub/pub06_en.pdf.(2000)

Search
Journal information
Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 237 127 3
PDF Downloads 93 70 3