Shelf-Life Prediction Model of Chitosan Coated Eggs at Different Storage Temperatures

Open access

Abstract

In order to study the quality changes and shelf life of chitosan coated eggs during storage, the quality, gas chamber diameter, yolk coefficient and the quality change of Hough unit during storage were measured at temperature of 5, 20 and 35 ℃. The Pearson correlation between the quality indexes and the egg Hough’s unit value was analyzed, and the yolk coefficient was analyzed dynamically and the shelf life prediction model was based on the basis of the Arrhenius equation. The results showed that the quality of eggs, egg yolk coefficient, and Huff units all decreased with the extension of storage time, and the diameter of the air chambers of eggs showed an increasing trend with the extension of storage time. Moreover, the storage environment at high temperature (20 and 35 ℃) had a significant effect on the quality deterioration than the low temperature (5℃) storage environment; The correlation coefficient between egg yolk coefficient and Hough unit is the highest at all temperatures, which can be used as an important indicator for shelf life prediction; According to the changing rule of egg quality, the yolk coefficient can establish a first order kinetic model. According to the model established by the egg yolk coefficient, the coefficient R2 of the fitting curve of the predicted value and the measured value is 0.9825, and the average relative error P is 9.32% and less than 10%. The kinetic relationship between yolk coefficient and temperature is well described. At the same time, based on the dynamic model, the shelf life prediction model of chitosan-coated eggs based on yolk coefficient was determined by the dynamic model. The average relative error was 7.6%, less than 10%, which indicated that the egg shelf life prediction model based on the change of egg yolk coefficient was feasible.

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