The Influence of Microbiological Quality of Water Resources in Dairy Goat Farms

Open access

Abstract

Water pollution is an essential component for the farmers in managing their agriculture fams. In almost all cases, without the chemical and microbiological analysis of water samples, the effect is damaging the animals and also the consumers. The study was carried out in Sibiu region of Romania, along Hârtibaciu River, and includes four farms, averaging 250 goats with different production system. Difficulties in ensuring quality milk, derived from various sources of contamination, the quality of water is directly depended on the maintenance of water suply. The foreign substances or microorganisms sometimes don’t affect the appearance or taste of the water, but can influence the health of animals and of course the quality of dairy products. This study was made to analyse the microbiological quality of water resources of the farmers, knowing that this is a major factor which influence the guality of the milk. The bacteriological tests were made onto Agar medium culture in petri dishes and were incubated at 37°C for 48h. Based on the microbiologicaly tests of the Hârtibaciu River resource, we could analyse the quality of the milk, too. The results of this study was presented and discused with the farmers and it was the starting point for them in changing their breeding technology, looking forward to improve their dairy production. A better quality of goat milk will be the main purpose of this study knowing that the farmers successed in their business

References

  • 1. Abida, B. & Harikrishna, M. (2008). Study on the Quality of Water in Some Streams of Cauvery River. E-Journal of Chemistry, 5(2), 377-384.

  • 2. Ashbolt, N.J. (2004). Microbial contamination of drinking water and disease outcomes in developing regions. Toxicology, 198, 229-238.

  • 3. Bucknell, D.G., Gasser, R.B., Irving, A. & Whithear, K. (1997). Antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella and Escherichia coli isolated from horses. Austrian Veterinary Journal, 75, 355-356.

  • 4. Collins, R., McLeod, M., Hedley, M.J., Donnison, A., Close, M., Hanley, J., Horne, D., Ross, C., Davies-Colley, R., Bagshaw, C. & Matthews L. (2007). Best management practices to mitigate faecal contamination by livestock of New Zealand waters. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 50, 267-278.

  • 5. Cumming, G.S., Cumming, D.H. & Redman, C.L. (2006). Scale mismatches in social-ecological systems: causes, consequences, and solutions. Ecol Soc, 11, 14.

  • 6. Davies-Colley, R.J., Nagels, J.W., Smith, R.A., Young, R.G. & Phillips C.J. (2004). Water quality impact of a dairy cow herd crossing a stream. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 38, 569-576.

  • 7. Devendra, C. (1982). Potential of sheep and goats in less developed countries. In: Development Digest, 22(1), 35-49.

  • 8. Donovan, E., Unice, K., Roberts, J.D., Harris, M. & Finley B. (2008). Risk of gastrointestinal disease associated with exposure to pathogens in the water of the lower Passaic River. Applied Environmental Microbioly, 74, 994-1003.

  • 9. Edwards, A.C. & Withers P.J.A. (2008). Transport and delivery of suspended solids, nitrogen and phosphorus from various sources to freshwaters in the UK. Journal of Hydrology, 350, 144-153.

  • 10. Eleria, A.L. (2002). Forecasting Fecal Coliform Bacteria in the Charles River Basin. Master's Thesis, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, 5, 38.

  • 11. Lengyel, E., Oprean, L., Tita, O., Iancu, R. & Iancu M. (2012). Biodiversity of the microorganisms existing in the Salt Lakes at Ocna Sibiului (Romania) and Chott El Jerid (Tunisia), Transylvanian Review of Systematical and Ecological Research, The Wetlands Diversity, 2, 41-48.

  • 12. Heathwaite, A.L., Quinn, P.F. & Hewett C.J.M. (2005b). Modeling and managing critical source areas of diffuse pollution from agricultural land using flow connectivity simulation. Journal of Hydrology, 204, 446-461.

  • 13. Medema, G.J., Bahar, M. & Schets F.M. (1997). Survival of Cryptosporidium parvum, Escherichia coli, faecal enterococci and Clostridium perfrigens in river water: influence of temperature and autochthonous microorganisms. Water Science Technology, 35(11), 249-252.

  • 14. Monaghan, R.M., Thorrold, B.S., Smeaton, D., Hyslop, M.G., Stevens, D.R., De Klein, C.A.M., Smith, L.C. & Drewry J.J. (2004). A desktop evaluation of the environmental and economic performance of model dairy farming systems within four New Zealand catchments. Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association, 66, 57-67.

  • 15. Patoli A.A., Patoli B.B., Mehraj V. (2010). High prelevance of multi-drug resistant Escherichia coli in drinking water samples from Hyderabad. Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences, 8(1), pp 23-26.

  • 16. Pickett, S.T.A., Cadenasso, M.L., Grove, J.M., Nilon, C.H., Pouyat, R.V., Zipperer, W.C. & Costanza R. (2001). Urban ecological systems: linking terrestrial ecological, physical, and socioeconomic components of metropolitan areas. Annual Review Ecological System, 32, 127-57.

  • 17. Popa, I.R., Tiţa, M.A., Oprean, L, Iancu, R., Lengyel, E. & Frum A. (2014). Microbiological characteristics of sheep and cow milk from Cristian farm, Romania, Versita, Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis, Serie E: Food Technology, 53(1), 77-84.

  • 18. Rasmussen, P.P. & Ziegler A.C. (2003). Comparison and Continuous Estimates of Fecal Coliform and Escherichia Coli Bacteria in Selected Kansas Streams May 1999 Through April 2002. U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report OS4056, Lawrence, Kansas, 80.

  • 19. Smith, C.M., Wilcock, R.J., Vant W.N. & Cooper A.B. (1993). Towards Sustainable Agriculture: Freshwater Quality in New Zealand and the Influence of Agriculture. NIWA ecosystems report for MAF Policy and Ministry for the Environment.

  • 20. Steyaert, P. & Ollivier G. (2007). How ecological assumptions frame technical and social change. Ecology and Society., 12, 1-18.

  • 21. Tiţa, M.A. & Blaga C.A. (2013). The role of computer assisted instruction in teaching the topic: Milk and milk products in public alimentation, International journal of marketing & human resource management, 4(2), 6-9.

  • 22. Tiţa, M., Tiţa, O. & Oprean L. (2003). The additives behavior in the milk industry and the role of the experimental results in the students’ education, 2nd Balkan Region Conference on Engineering Education, Bridges for Co-operation in Engineering Education, Sibiu, Romania, 234-236.

  • 23. Wilcock, R.J., Monaghan, R.M., Quinn, J.M. & Campbell A.M., Thorrold B.S., Duncan M.J., McGowan A.W., Betteridge K. (2006). Land use impacts and water quality targets in the intensive dairying catchment of the Toenepi Stream, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 40, 123-140.

Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Series E: Food Technology

The Journal of „Lucian Blaga“ University of Sibiu

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 34 34 20
PDF Downloads 7 7 6