The Effects of the Media on Self-Esteem of Young Girls

Open access

Abstract

There have been a number of studies investigating the media’s role in body image dissatisfaction, eating disorders, self-esteem, and the internalization of the thin body ideal in young girls and women. However, much of the research focuses on girls ages 10 and older; very few examine those girls of pre-primary or primary age. This paper seeks to explore the studies that do focus on the younger age groups, and understand the relationship between the media and young girls’ self-esteem.

BLOWERS, L. C., LOXTON, N. J., GRADY-FLESSER, M., OCCHIPINTI, S., and DAWE, S. The relationship between sociocultural pressure to be thin and body dissatisfaction in preadolescent girls. Eating Behaviors, 4, 2003, 3, pp. 229-244.

CLARK, L., and TIGGEMENN, M. Appearance Culture in Nine‐to 12‐Year‐Old Girls: Media and Peer Influences on Body Dissatisfaction. Social Development. [online]. 15, 2006, 4, pp. 628-643. Available from: ˂http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2006.00361.x/ abstract;jsessionid=00C8CAB3C8879E3AEEF252B95731AD64.f04t03?denied AccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false˃

DAVISON, K. K., and BIRCH, L. L. Weight status, parent reaction, and selfconcept in five-year-old girls. Pediatrics. [online]. 107, 2001, 1, pp. 46-53. Available from: ˂http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/107/1/46.short˃

DITTMAR, H., HALLIWELL, E., and IVE, S. Does Barbie make girls want to be thin? The effect of experimental exposure to images of dolls on the body image of 5-to 8-year-old girls. Developmental psychology, 42, 2006, 2.

DOHNT, H. K., and TIGGEMANN, M. Body image concerns in young girls: The role of peers and media prior to adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. [online]. 35, 2006b, 2, pp. 135-145. Available from: ˂http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10964-005-9020-7#page-1˃

DOHNT, H., and TIGGEMANN, M. The contribution of peer and media influences to the development of body satisfaction and self-esteem in young girls: a prospective study. Developmental psychology. [online]. 42, 2006a, 5, p. 929. Available from: ˂http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/dev/42/5/929/˃

FIELD, A. E., CAMARGO, C. A., TAYLOR, C. B., BERKEY, C. S., ROBERTS, S. B., and COLDITZ, G. A. Peer, parent, and media influences on the development of weight concerns and frequent dieting among preadolescent and adolescent girls and boys. Pediatrics. [online]. 107, 2001, 1, pp. 54-60. Available from: ˂http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/107/1/54.short˃

HARRISON, K., and HEFNER, V. Media exposure, current and future body ideals, and disordered eating among preadolescent girls: A longitudinal panel study. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. [online]. 35, 2006. 2, pp. 146-156. Available from: ˂http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10964-005-9008-3#page-1˃

HAYES, S., and TANTLEFF‐DUNN, S. Am I too fat to be a princess? Examining the effects of popular children's media on young girls' body image. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 28, 2010, 2, pp. 413-426.

HERBOZO, S., TANTLEFF-DUNN, S., GOKEE-LAROSE, J., and THOMPSON, J. K. Beauty and thinness messages in children's media: A content analysis. Eating Disorders, 12, 2004, 1, pp. 21-34.

HILL, A. J., and BHATTI, R. Body shape perception and dieting in preadolescent British Asian girls: Links with eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders. [online]. 17, 1995, 2, pp. 175-183. Available from: ˂http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1098-108X(199503)17:2%3C175::AID-EAT2260170211%3E3.0.CO;2-6/full˃

KNAUSS, C., PAXTON, S. J., and ALSAKER, F. D. Relationships amongst body dissatisfaction, internalisation of the media body ideal and perceived pressure from media in adolescent girls and boys. Body Image. [online]. 4, 2007, 4, pp. 353-360. Available from: ˂http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1740144507000721˃

LEVINE, M. P., and MURNEN, S. K. “Everybody knows that mass media are/are not [pick one] a cause of eating disorders”: A critical review of evidence for a causal link between media, negative body image, and disordered eating in females. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology. [online]. 28, 2009, 1, pp. 9-42. Available from: ˂http://guilfordjournals.com/doi/abs/10.1521/jscp.2009.28.1.9˃

MARTIN, M. C., and GENTRY, J. W. Stuck in the model trap: The effects of beautiful models in ads on female pre-adolescents and adolescents. Journal of Advertising. [online]. 26, 1997, 2, pp. 19-33. Available from: ˂http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00913367.1997.10673520#.VBonNfldVCc˃

MILKIE, M. A. Social comparisons, reflected appraisals, and mass media: The impact of pervasive beauty images on Black and White girls' selfconcepts. Social Psychology Quarterly. [online]. 1999, pp. 190-210. Available from: ˂http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2695857?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21104643331297˃

PINE, K. J. Children’s perceptions of body shape: A thinness bias in preadolescent girls and associations with femininity. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry. [online]. 6, 2001, 4, pp. 519-536.

SINTON, M. M., and BIRCH, L. L. Individual and sociocultural influences on pre-adolescent girls’ appearance schemas and body dissatisfaction. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. [online]. 35, 2006, 2, pp. 157-167. Available from: ˂http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10964-005-9007-4#page-1˃

SMOLAK, L. Body image in children and adolescents: where do we go from here? Body image. [online]. 1, 2004, 1, pp. 15-28. Available from: ˂http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1740144503000081˃

STICE, E., SPANGLER, D., and AGRAS, W. S. Exposure to media-portrayed thin-ideal images adversely affects vulnerable girls: A longitudinal experiment. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology. [online]. 20, 2001, 3, pp. 270-288. Available from: ˂http://guilfordjournals.com/doi/abs/10.1521/jscp.20.3.270.22309˃ Harrison, K. 2000. Television viewing, fat stereotyping, body shape standards, and eating disorder symptomatology in grade school children. Communication Research, 27, 2000, 5, pp. 617-640.

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 309 309 33
PDF Downloads 111 111 15