Process Control of Pre-Sowing Seed Treatment by Pulsed Electric Field

Open access

Abstract

Presented paper investigates the application of a line voltage changer to an installation for pre-sowing seed treatment by pulsed electric field (PEF) in order to increase the sowing quality of seeds and to suppress pathogenic microflora. The installation comprises an AC voltage regulator, a high voltage source, a voltage inverter, a working chamber for seed treatment, a control unit, and current and voltage sensors. The proposed installation differs from the existing apparatuses as it automatically provides the transformation of the pulsed electric field parameters by constant monitoring of power processes in a layer of treated seeds and feedback sending to the control unit. Seed treatment efficiency depends on the dose being determined by the parameters of electric field, namely, intensity in the seed layer, pulse duration, pulse repetition frequency, and seed treatment time. The parameters of rational treatment were determined, and the minimum treatment dose was calculated on the basis of results from the laboratory tests on the effect of pulsed electric field on sowing qualities of winter wheat seeds. It was experimentally confirmed that the proposed installation provides automatic transformation of electric field parameters depending on the changes taking place in the seed layer on the example of seeds with different moisture content maintaining the necessary treatment dose, ensuring the stability and repeatability of results.

ABOU EL-YAZIED, A. – SHALABY, O. A. – EL-GIZAWY, A. M. – KHALF, S. M. – El-SATAR, A. 2011. Effect of magnetic field on seed germination and transplant growth of tomato. In Journal of American Science, vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 306–312.

BILALIS, D. J. – KATSENIOS, N. – EFTHIMIADOU, A. – KARKANIS, A. 2012. Pulsed electromagnetic field: An organic compatible method to promote plant growth and yield in two corn types. In Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 333–343.

BORODIN, I. F. 1983. Development of electro-technology in farm production. In Mechanization and Electrification of Agriculture, no. 6, pp. 27–31.

BROWN, M. 2007. Diet Source. Calculation and Construction. K: MK-Press, 288 pp.

DULSKIY, A. V. – STARODUBTSEVA, G. P. – HAINOVSKIY, V. I. 2009. Pre-sowing seed treatment of carrot varieties with vitamin-6 by pulsed electric field. In Bulletin of the Russian Agricultural Science, no. 6, pp. 59–60.

HAINOVSKIY, V. I. – KO ZUREV, A. E. 2011. Development of dielectric constant of crop seeds. In Mechanization and Electrification of Agriculture, no. 11, pp. 30–31.

HAINOVSKIY, V. I. – KO PULOVA, O. S. – KO ZUREV, A. E. 2012. Effect of doze calculation of pulsed electric field on seeds. In Agrarian Russia, no. 9, pp. 37–42.

HAINOVSKIY, V. I. – LUBAYA, S. I. – KO PULOVA, O. S. – AFANASEV, M. A. 2017. The method of pre-sowing seed treatment. In Machine Operator, no. 1, pp. 14–15.

HAINOVSKIY, V. I. – STARODUBTSEVA, G. P. – RUBTSOVA, E. I. – HACHENKO, A. A. 2007a. The method of pre-sowing treatment of soybean seeds by electric field. Patent for invention RUS 2340139, April 02 2007.

HAINOVSKIY, V. I. – STARODUBTSEVA, G. P. – RUBTSOVA, E. I. 2007b. Pre-sowing stimulation of seeds of soybean pulsed electric field. In Mechanization and Electrification of Agriculture, no. 10, pp. 17–18.

HNUKINA, A. G. 2014. The rationale of the electro-technological parameters and modes of the low-voltage activator for pre-sowing treatment of onion seeds. Dissertation, Stavropol, 169 pp.

JAMSHID, R. – SARA, A. 2017 Influence of magnetopriming on germination, growth, physiology, oil and essential contents of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.). In Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 325–329.

LIVINSKIY, S. A. – STARODUBTSEVA, G. P. – AFANASEV, M. A. 2016. Voltage transformer for the installation of pre-sowing seed treatment. In APK Stavropolie, Bulletin, no. 4, pp. 35–39.

NELSON, S. O. – GUO, W. – TRABELSI, S. – KAY, S. J. 2007. Dielectric spectroscope of watermelons for sensing quality. In Measurement Science and Technology, vol.18, pp. 1887–1892.

NOVÁK, J. – VITÁZEK, I. 2014. Electrical properties of sunflower achenes. In Acta Technologica Agriculturae, no. 4, pp. 109–113.

NOVÁK, J. 2013. Electrical properties of popcorn grains. In Acta Technologica Agriculturae, no. 2, pp. 43–46.

ROSTAMI ZADEH, E. – MAJD, A. – ARBABIAN, S. 2014. Effects of electromagnetic fields on seed germination in Urtica dioica L. In International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 365–368.

STARODUBTSEVA, G. P. – LIVINSKIY, S. A. 2016. AC voltage regulator. In Machine Operator, no. 1, pp. 46–47.

STARODUBTSEVA, G. P. – LIVINSKIY, S. A. – LUBAYA, S. I. – KUSMONOV, V. I. 2017a. The effect of the pulsed electric field (PEF) on sowing qualities of seeds depending on their moisture content and damage degree. In Central Scientific Bulletin, no. 8, vol. 25, pp. 74–76.

STARODUBTSEVA, G. P. – LIVINSKIY, S. A. – LUBAYA, S. I. – AFANASEV, M. A. 2017b. The rationale for modes of pre-sowing seed treatment of winter wheat by pulsed electric field (PEF). In Central Scientific Bulletin, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 76–79.

VITÁZEK, I. – VERES, P. 2013. Drying rate of grain maize. In Acta Technologica Agriculturae, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 31–33.

YANG, Y. – XI, G. – ZHANG, S. – LIU, K. – ZHANG, X. 2012. Development and application of pulsed electric field instrument with extremely low frequency and high-voltage for biological effects. In Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 49–54.

XU, J. – TAN, M. – ZHANG, S. – LI, F. 2013. Improving paddy seed vigor by corona discharge field processing and dielectric separation. In Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, vol. 29, no. 23, pp. 233–240.

Acta Technologica Agriculturae

The Scientific Journal for Agricultural Engineering The Journal of Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra

Journal Information

CiteScore 2018: 0.98

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.315
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.986

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 431 350 32
PDF Downloads 187 150 9