Observational Study of Frequent Degenerative Low Back Pain Syndromes on Patients Under Balneal Treatment

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Abstract

Degenerative low back pain is one of the most important causes of disability worldwide, and it also has a negative impact on the economy, due to the high cost of medical care required for this pathology. It has an increased prevalence among the population, between 80-85%, it affects population between 45 and 65 years old, and the most frequent cause is the mechanical one, with degenerative syndromes on the first place. Balneal treatment is a complex treatment with multiple benefits for patients with degenerative low back pain syndromes, and in the recent years this topic is intensely studied due to its benefits, as well as the increased addressability of the patients for this type of treatment. Our study evaluated 99 patients with low back pain divided into 2 groups of patients admitted for 2 weeks to Balneal and Rehabilitation Sanatorium of Techirghiol, who performed balneal treatment with hot mud baths and cold mud baths, but also classic rehabilitation treatment (electrotherapy, masotherapy, kinetotherapy, thermotherapy). The aim of the study was to evaluate the characteristics of degenerative low back pain syndromes on patients under balneal treatment, and for the patients from our study the most frequent pathology was Spondilosis, female patients was predominantly affected than male patients, with high education level and from urban residence.

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