Menopause and prolactin secreting tumours

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ABSTRACT

Introduction Prolactinomas without galactorhhea may be considered menopause or not diagnosed. This is a cases series.

Case1. 76-year female with menopause at age of 52 was discovered at 66 yrs with high prolactin and a pituitary micro-nodule. Bromocriptin was continued for 6 years then switched to cabergoline with constant imagery. The patient did not display at all galactorrhea. Osteoporosis was diagnosed at age of 66 with previous 2 fragility fractures.

Case2. 45-year female is known with secondary amenorrhea (without galactorrhea) for the last 7 years being considered menopause. She experienced headaches thus a MRI was performed and found a pituitary tumour of 1.5cm. Low FSH with increased prolactin was revealed. Cabergoline was started. Within 2 months the menses resumed and headache mildly improved. After 3 months prolactin normalised under weekly 2 mg of cabergoline. Periodical prolactin control is necessary as well as a pituitary scan at 6 months.

Case3. 39-year female had a 3 yrs history of secondary amenorrhea. A prolactin of 117ng/mL and a microprolactinoma of 0.77cm were found. Cabergoline was started and progressively increased up to 1.5mg per week. The prolactin quickly normalised up to 8ng/mL within 4 months. She was followed for 2 years and the imagery found a tumour reduction to 0.44cm.

Conclusion Prolactinomas associate a great variety of clinical presentations. They interfere with menopause by mimicking it in cases without galactorrhea. Also a newly diagnosed prolactinoma during menopause needs long term therapy and followed-up for especially for bone safety.

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