Routing Corners of Building Structures – by the Method of Vector Addition – Measured with RTN GNSS Surveying Technology

Open access

Abstract

The paper deals with the problem of surveying buildings in the RTN GNSS mode using modernized indirect methods of measurement. As a result of the classical realtime measurements using indirect methods (intersection of straight lines or a point on a straight line), we obtain a building structure (a building) which is largely deformed. This distortion is due to the inconsistency of the actual dimensions of the building (tie distances) relative to the obtained measurement results. In order to eliminate these discrepancies, and thus to ensure full consistency of the building geometric structure, an innovative solution was applied - the method of vector addition - to modify the linear values (tie distances) of the external face of the building walls. A separate research problem tackled in the article, although not yet fully solved, is the issue of coordinates of corners of a building obtained after the application of the method of vector addition.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Angrisano A. Gaglione S. Gioia C. (2013). Performance assessment of GPS/GLONASS single point positioning in an urban environment. Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Vol. 48 Issue 2 149-161.

  • Bakuła M. (2013). Study of Reliable Rapid and Ultrarapid Static GNSS Surveying for Determination of the Coordinates of Control Points in Obstructed Conditions. Journal of Surveying Engineering Vol. 139 No. 4 188-193.

  • Beluch J. Krzyżek R. (2005). GPS RTK technology used for indirect methods of topographical surveys. Technical Sciences. Supplement/University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn suppl. 2 47-60.

  • Figurski M. Bogusz J. Bosy J. Kontny B. Krankowski A. Wielgosz P. (2011). "ASG+": project for improving Polish multifunctional precise satellite positioning system Reports on Geodesy Vol. 2 No. 91 51-57.

  • Ge L. Lee I. (2006). The performance of RTK GPS for surveying under challenging environmental conditions. Earth Planets and Space Vol. 58 Issue 5 515-522.

  • Krzyżek R. (2014). Reliability analysis of the results of RTN GNSS surveys of building structures using indirect methods of measurement. Geodesy and Cartography Vol. 63 no. 2 161-181.

  • Krzyżek R. (2013). Verification of applicability of the Trimble RTX satellite technology with xFill function in establishing surveying control networks. Geodesy and Cartography Vol. 62 no. 2 217-233.

  • Krzyżek R. (2015). Modernization of the method of line-line intersection using RTN GNSS technology for determining the position of corners of buildings. Artificial Satellites Journal of Planetary Geodesy Vol. 50 no. 1 41-57.

  • Kowalczyk K. (2011). Analysis of the errors generated during the measurement of situational details RTK GPS method. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Geodesia et Descriptio Terrarum 10(1) 5-22.

  • Kowalczyk K. (2011). Evaluation of usefulness of measurements of inaccessible points using GPS RTK method with consideration of base errors. Przegląd Geodezyjny 10 7-12.

  • Leonardo R. Landau H. Nitschke M. Glocker M. Seeger S. Chen X. Deking A. Ben Tahar M. Zhang F. Ferguson K. Stolz R. Talbot M. Lu G. Allison T. Brandl M. Gomez V. Cao W. Kipka A. Trimble Terrasat GmbH Germany. (2011). RTX Positioning: The next generation of cm-accurate Real-Time GNSS Positioning. White Paper_RTX.

  • MIA. (2011). Regulation of Minister of Interior and Administration - in case of technical standards of performing detailed surveys and working out and sending results of these surveys to National Geodetic and Cartographic Database (in Polish). Journal of Laws of 2011 No. 263 entry 1572. Warsaw: Government Legislation Centre.

  • Paziewski J. Krukowska M. Wielgosz P. (2014). Preliminary results on performance of new ultra-fast static positioning module - POZGEO-2 in areas outside the ASG-EUPOS network Geodesy and Cartography Vol. 63 no. 1 101-109.

  • Pelc-Mieczkowska R. (2012). Analysis of GPS/RTK positioning reliability in hard observational conditions. Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Rzeszowskiej z. 59 (1/II) 217-226.

  • Pirti A. Yucel M. & Gumus K. (2013). Testing Real Time Kinematis GNSS (GPS and GPS/GLONASS) methods in obstructed and unobstructed sites Geodetski Vestnik Vol. 57 no. 3 498-512.

  • Teng Y. Wang J. (2015). A closed-form formula to calculate geometric dilution of precision (GDOP) for multi-GNSS constellations. GPS Solution 10 February.

  • Zhang X. Li P. (2014). Integrating GPS and GLONASS to accelerate convergence and initialization times of precise point positioning. GPS Solution Vol. 18 Issue 3 461-471.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.61

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.211
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.728

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 249 134 3
PDF Downloads 101 66 2