Leadership Values and Values Based Leadership: What is the Main Focus?

Open access


The article is based on descriptive theoretical research and focused on two notions such as ‘leadership values’ and ‘values based leadership’. These two concepts are not compared, but every of them is described separately by highlighting general characteristics and showing their broad complexity. Both notions are not related to ethics and / or morality, as the aim the literature review was to provide insights on leadership values and values based leadership. The research question was the following: What aspects include two concepts such as ‘leadership values’ and ‘values based leadership’? Fourteen leadership values are provided and in the summary the three unifying aspects are presented and discussed – personality, interaction(s) and relationship(s), and action(s) / work. The common and flexible leadership values are presented. Values based leadership is discussed generally and four principles of this leadership are distinguished – self-reflection, balance, true self-confidence, and genuine humility. Also positive and limiting values based leadership shortly is discussed. The conclusion is focused on the idea that the leader needs to regain and maintain trust. Positive values based leadership goes beyond leveraging strengths and making meaning. Values based leaders who engage their employees and help them flourish in life. And for their organisations they boost productivity, creativity and financial returns. Leading and evaluating success based on values is the best way to build a high-performance culture in organisation.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Arnold K. (2018). What is R.E.S.P.E.C.T. When it comes to teamwork? Available at: https://www.extraordinaryteam.com/what-is-r-e-s-p-e-c-t-when-it-comes-to-teamwork/ (Accessed on 2018-08-21).

  • 2. Barnard I. C. (1938). Functions of the Executive. Boston: Harvard Press.

  • 3. Barrett R. (2013). The Values-driven Organisation: Unleashing Human Potential for Performance and Profit. London: Fulfilling Books.

  • 4. Barret Values Center (2018). Values-based leadership. Available at: https://www.valuescentre.com/mapping-values/leadership/values-based-leadership (Accessed on 2018-06-28).

  • 5. Bauman D. C. (2013). Leadership and the three faces of integrity. The Leadership Quarterly 24(3) 414-426.

  • 6. Bishop W. H. (2013). Defining the Authenticity in Authentic Leadership. The Journal of Values-Based Leadership 6(1) Article 7. Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1077&context=jvbl (Accessed on 2018-03-19).

  • 7. Bourne P. A. (2016). Leadership as a service: a new model for higher education in a new century – a book review. Review of Public Administration and Management 4 196. Available at: https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/leadership-as-a-service-a-new-model-for-higher-education-in-anewcentury--a-book-review-2315-7844-1000196.php?aid=83165 (Accessed on 2018-02-20).

  • 8. Browback S. (2016). Flourishing requires belief in human potential. The Washington Times. Available at: https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2016/oct/6/flourishing-requires-belief-in-human-potential/ (Accessed on 2018-02-28).

  • 9. Cable D. (2018). How humble leadership really works. Harvard Business Review. Available at: https://hbr.org/2018/04/how-humble-leadership-really-works (Accessed on 2018-04-23).

  • 10. Cameron K. (2008). Positive Leadership. San Francisco: Berret-Koehler.

  • 11. Clarke S. (2018). Why your values are key to your leadership. Leaderonomic.com Available at: https://leaderonomics.com/leadership/values-key-leadership (Accessed on 2018-06-28).

  • 12. Clarke N. (2011). An integrated conceptual model of respect in leadership. The Leadership Quarterly 22(2) 316-327.

  • 13. Clayton M. (2013). The wisdom of leadership. Training Journal. Available at: https://www.trainingjournal.com/articles/feature/wisdom-leadership (Accessed on 2018-01-24).

  • 14. Copeland M. K. (2014). The emerging significance of values based leadership: a literature review. International Journal of Leadership Studies 8(2) 105-135.

  • 15. Cubukcu F. (2014). Values education through Literature in English classes. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 116 265-269.

  • 16. Daskal L. (2016). 21 Core Beliefs That Will Take Your Leadership From Good to Great. Available at: https://www.inc.com/lolly-daskal/21-core-beliefs-that-will-take-your-leadership-from-good-to-great.html (Accessed on 2018-01-28).

  • 17. Gleeson B. (2017). How Values-Based Leadership Transforms Organizational Cultures. Available at: https://www.inc.com/brent-gleeson/how-values-based-leadership-transforms-organizational-cultures.html (Accessed on 2018-01-28).

  • 18. Graber D. R. & Kilpatrick A. O. (2008). Establishing values-based leadership and value systems in healthcare organizations. Journal of Health and Human Services Administration Fall 179-196.

  • 19. Gulledge Ch. (2018). Nine steps to develop leadership discipline. Forbes. Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbescoachescouncil/2018/07/27/nine-steps-to-develop-leadershipdiscipline/#584140181fbe (Accessed on 2018-07-27).

  • 20. Heathfield S. (2018). Leadership values and workplace ethics. Available at: https://www.thebalancecareers.com/leadership-values-and-workplace-ethics-1918615 (Accessed on 2018-10-12).

  • 21. Higginbottom K. (2018). The value of humility in leadership. Forbes. Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/karenhigginbottom/2018/07/18/the-value-of-humility-inleadership/#60b6e12024e9 (Accessed on 2018-07-18).

  • 22. Hyatt K. & de Ciantis Ch. (2012). Values driven leadership. Integral Leadership Review. Available at: http://integralleadershipreview.com/7601-values-driven-leadership/ (2018-01-19).

  • 23. Jabbour R. (2017). The importance of cultivating self-discipline. Entrepreneur Middle East. Available at: https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/305350 (Accessed on 2018-01-24).

  • 24. James P. S. (2014). Aligning and propagating organisational values. Procedia Economics and Finance 11 95-109.

  • 25. Jansen Kraemer H. M. (2011). The only true leadership is values-based leadership. Forbes. Available at: https://www.forbes.com/2011/04/26/values-based-leadership.html#4469baed652b (Accessed on 2018-01-28).

  • 26. Kase L. (2010). Great leaders are great decision makers. Graziadio Business Review 13(4). Available at: https://gbr.pepperdine.edu/2010/10/great-leaders-are-great-decision-makers/ (Accessed on 2018-02-17).

  • 27. Keyser J. (2011). Personal growth in leadership. Common Sense Leadership. Available at: http://www.commonsenseleadership.com/personal-growth-in-leadership/ (Accessed on 2018-03-02).

  • 28. Millar K. (2012). Meaning Self and The Human Potential: An Appeal for Humanism. Cambridge UK: Janus Publishing.

  • 29. O’Toole J. (2008). Notes towards a definition of values-based leadership. The Journal of Values-based Leadership 1 (1). Article 10. Available at: https://scholar.valpo.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=jvbl (Accessed on 2018-03-01).

  • 30. Prilleltensky I. (2000). Value-based leadership in organizations: Balancing values interests and power among citizens workers and leaders. Ethics and Behavior 10(2) 139-158.

  • 31. Reese S. R. (2017). Leadership Core Values and Beliefs are Keys to Greatness. Center for Management and Organization Effectiveness. Available at: https://cmoe.com/blog/great-leaders-have-specific-beliefs-andcore-values/ (Accessed on 2018-02-14).

  • 32. Selznick P. (1957) Leadership in Administration: A Sociological Interpretation. Harper & Row New York 62 67-68.

  • 33. Sen A. Kabak K. E. & Yanginlar G. (2013). Courageous leadership for the twenty-first century. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences 75(3) 91-101.

  • 34. Turkkahraman M. (2014). Social values and value education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 116 622-638.

  • 35. Uhl-Bien M. Russ M. & McKelvey B. (2007). Complexity Leadership Theory: Shifting Leadership From The Industrial Age To The Knowledge Era. Leadership Institute Faculty Publications. 18. Available at: https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1017&context=leadershipfacpub (Accessed on 2018-03-07).

  • 36. Williams T. (2018). Why integrity remains one of the top leadership attributes. The Economist. Available at: https://execed.economist.com/blog/industry-trends/why-integrity-remains-one-top-leadership-attributes (Accessed on 2018-04-09).

  • 37. Yang Sh.-Y. (2011). Wisdom displayed through leadership: Exploring leadership-related wisdom. The Leadership Quarterly 22(4) 616-632.

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 369 369 73
PDF Downloads 430 430 127