The controversial nature of workfare programmes

Open access

Abstract

According to the OECD, active employment policies include all social expenditure that are directed at improving the chances of finding a job and income generation (except education). Active labour market policies are around to assist in enhancing labour market flexibility at the times of economic changes. Their key components are the so-called activation strategies that act as typical prerequisites of benefitting from unemployment security/support systems in every EU country. The workfare concept lies behind the public work programmes. There are serious professional debates whether public work can primarily be seen as a ’compulsion and work test’ or, rather, as an opportunity of entering the primary labour market. The available efficiency analyses unanimously state that public work forms have the biggest role in testing willingness to work and the obligatory nature is the strongest of all active labour market policies. Research also indicates that public work reintegrates only few people back to the primary labour market and the majority are restrained from seeking a job and other income generating activities. There are several reasons for and against public work and opinions differ. The paper summarises the benefits and drawbacks on the basis of international and Hungarian analyses.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • ADIMASSU Z. - Kessler A. 2015. Impact of the productive safety net program on farmers‘ investments in sustainable land management in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. In Environmental Development vol. 16 2015 pp. 54-62.

  • ALEGRE J.G. 2017. The efficiency of active labour market policies in the European Union: Does it make sense increasing the bill? In Acta Oeconomica vol. 67 2017 no. 3 pp. 333-357.

  • BEAUDRY R. 2002. Workfare and welfare: Britain’s new deal. CCGES/ CCEAE Working papers series 2002 no. 2

  • BERGIN A.K. 2018. The labor market in Ireland 2000-2016. IZA World of Labor 2018.

  • BERTRAND M. - CREPON B. - MARGUERIE A. - PREMAND P. 2017. Contemporaneous and Post-Program Impacts of a Public Works Program. 2017 57 p.

  • BESLEY T. - COATE S. 1992. Workfare versus welfare: Incentive arguments for work requirements in poverty-alleviation programs. In The American Economic Review vol. 82 1992 no. 1 pp. 249-261.

  • BROWN A.J. - KOETTL J. 2015. Active labor market programsemployment gain or fiscal drain? In IZA Journal of Labor Economics vol. 4 2015 no. 1 12 p.

  • CSEHNE PAPP I. 2018. A kozhasznu foglalkoztatottak főbb jellemzőinek valtozasa 20 eves időtavban. Egy kistersegi kutatas eredmenyei. In Munkaugyi Szemle vol. 61 2018 no. 2 pp. 44-48.

  • CSERES-GERGELY Zs. - MOLNAR Gy. 2014. Kozmunka segelyezes elsődleges es masodlagos munkaerőpiac. In Tarsadalmi riport TARKI Budapest 2014 pp. 204-225.

  • CSOBA J. 2010. Segely helyett munka. In A kozfoglalkoztatas formai es sajatossagai Szociologiai Szemle vol. 20 2010 no. 1 pp. 26-52.

  • CSOBA J. 2017. A kertkultura es a haztartasgazdasag szerepe a videki szegenyek tarsadalmi integraciojaban - 25 eves a Szocialis Foldprogram. In Ter es Tarsadalom vol. 31 2017 no. 3 pp. 85-102.

  • CZIBERE I. - MOLNAR E. 2017. Labour market perspectives of young women living in extreme poverty in closed rural space: the case of a Hungarian-Romanian cul-de-sac border village. Ager. In Revista de Estudios sobre Despoblacion y Desarrollo Rural 2017 no. 23 pp. 7-26.

  • DATTA P. - CHAKRABARTI S. 2015. Gains from short-term public works: A review of performance of MGNREGA in Tripura. In The NEHU Journal vol. 13 2015 no. 1 pp. 57-77.

  • EARDLEY T. - BRADSHAW J. - DITCH J. - GOUGH I. - WHITEFORD P. 1996. Social Assistance schemes in the OECD countries. In Synthesis report DSS Research Report 46 London : HMSO 1996.

  • FACHELLI S. - RONCONI L. - SANGUINETTI J. 2004. Poverty and employability effects of workfare programs in Argentina. In Poverty and Economic Policy (PEP) Research Network : Call for Research Proposals 2004 24 p.

  • GROVER C. - STEWART J. 1999. Market workfare: Social Security social regulation and competitiveness in the 1990s’. In Journal of Social Policy vol. 28 1999 no. 1 pp. 73-96.

  • HEIKKILA M. - HVINDEN B. - KAUTTO M. - MARKLUND S. - PLOUG N. (Eds.). 2002. Nordic social policy: changing welfare states. Routledge 2002 324 p.

  • ISMAIL M.A. 2016. Globalization and new international public works agreements in developing countries: an analytical perspective. Routledge 2016 316 p.

  • KALMAN J. 2015. A kozfoglalkoztatasi programok hattere es nemzetkozi tapasztalatai. In Munkaerőpiaci tukor MTA Kozgazdasag-es Regionalis Tudomanyi Kutatokozpont Kozgazdasag-tudomanyi Intezet Budapest 2015 pp. 42-58.

  • KARIMI Z. 2018. Public Works Programs as a Strong Means for Land and Water Conservation in Iran. In Full Employment and Social Justice. Chapter 5. Binzagr Institute for Sustainable Prosperity book series (BISP) 2018 pp. 109-138.

  • KIM T.K. - ZURLO K.A. 2007. Factors that influence workfare program participants: focusing on South Korea‘s Self-Sufficiency Program. In Int‘l Soc. Work 50 2007 796 p.

  • KO H. - CHO H. 2017. Revisiting the effectiveness of the employment‐oriented welfare state: Considering the quality of employment achievement. In Asian Social Work and Policy Review vol. 11 2017 no. 2 pp. 158-167.

  • KOOS B. 2016. Kozfoglalkoztatas a mezőgazdasagban. In Ter es Tarsadalom 2016 no. 3 pp. 40-62.

  • KOVACS K. 2017. Managerial Challenges in Hungarian Agricultural Enterprises. In BRYLA P. Managing Agricultural Enterprises. Expoing Profitability and Best Practice in Central Europe. Palgrave Macmillan Cham. 2017 pp. 225-239.

  • LASZLO Gy. 2016. A hatranyos helyzetűek foglalkoztatasi nehezsegei. In Opus et Educatio vol. 3 2016 no. 3 pp. 264-276.

  • LISSOWSKA M. 2017. The financial crisis and changing labour markets in post-transition countries. In European Journal of Industrial Relations vol. 23 2017 no. 1 pp. 17-32.

  • MARSTON G. - McDONALD C. 2008. Feeling motivated yet? Longterm unemployed people‘s perspectives on the implementation of workfare in Australia. In Australian Journal of Social Issues vol. 43 2008 no. 2 pp. 255-269.

  • MARTIN-ANTON M. - NEGRO V. - Del CAMPO J. M. - LOPEZGUTIERREZ J.S. - Esteban M.D. 2017. The Gigantism of Public Works in China in the Twenty-First Century. In Sustainability vol. 9 2017 no. 9 14 p.

  • McKENZIE D. 2017. How effective are active labor market policies in developing countries? A critical review of recent evidence. In The World Bank Research Observer vol. 32 2017 no. 2 pp. 127-154.

  • MELO de J.J. 2009. Public works policy in Portugal: a case study in unsustainability. Lusiada. In International Journal of Engineering and Industrial Management vol. 1 2009 pp. 193-208 pp. 195-208.

  • MOURELO E.L. - ESCUDERO V. 2016. Effectiveness of Active Labor Market Tools in Conditional Cash Transfers Programs: Evidence for Argentina. ILO Research Department - Geneva Working Paper No. 11 02.14.2 2016 27 p.

  • NINO C.D. - SUBBARAO K. - MILAZZO A. 2009. How to Make Public Works Work : A review of the experiences (No. 48567). The World Bank 2009 93 p.

  • NORTON T. R. 2018. Lessons Learned in Disaster Debris Management of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. The 2011 Japan Earthquake and Tsunami: Reconstruction and Restoration 2018 pp. 67-88.

  • RAVI S. - ENGLER M. 2015. Workfare as an effective way to fight poverty: The case of India’s NREGS. In World Development 2015 no. 67 pp. 57-71.

  • ROBBINS B. 2015. FORUM: University of Edinburgh Postgraduate. In Journal of Culture & the Arts 2015 no. 21 7 p.

  • RONCONI L. - SANGUINETTI J. - FACHELLI O.S. 2006. Poverty and employability effects of workfare programs in Argentina. PMMA Working Paper No. 2006-14 43 p.

  • ROSAS N. - SABARWAL Sh. 2016. Public Works as a Productive Safety Net in a Post-Conflict Setting: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Sierra Leone. Policy Research Working Paper; No. 7580. Washington DC : World Bank c World Bank. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO 2016 33 p. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/23916

  • SHAH M. - STEINBERG B.M. 2015. Workfare and Human Capital Investment: Evidence from India. National Bureau of Economic Research - NBER Working Paper No. 21543 2015 37 p.

  • SIEMIATYCKI M. 2016. Cycles in Megaproject Development. The Oxford Handbook of Megaproject Management 2016 39 p.

  • SMITH J.S. 2006. Building New Deal Liberalism: The Political Economy of Public Works 1933-1956. Cambridge : University Press 2006 283 p.

  • SUBBARAO K. et al. 2013. Public Works as a Safety Net: Design Evidence and Implementation. Directions in development human development. Washington DC : The World Bank 2013 430 p.

  • SULICH A. 2016. Active labour market policy as a source of legitimacy for governments of Central Europe countries - comparative analysis. In World Scientific News 2016 no. 60 pp. 78-91.

  • SZABO A. 2013. A kozfoglalkoztatas mint foglalkoztatapolitikai eszkoz. In Nagyerdei Almanach 2013 no. 2 pp. 149-161.

  • USZKAI A. 2014. Innovacio es oktatas az elhetőbb videkert. In A Falu vol. 29 2014 no. 2 pp. 75-85.

  • VARADI M. 2016. Ertekteremtő kozfoglalkoztatas periferikus videki terekben. In Esely 2016 no. 1 pp. 30-56.

  • VIRAG T. 2017. A ciganyfalu mint jelenseg es ertelmezesi keret. In Replika vol. 104 2017 no. 4 pp. 45-62.

  • ZIMMERMANN L. 2012. Labor market impacts of a large-scale public works program: Evidence from the Indian Employment Guarantee Scheme. In Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit - Institute for the Study of Labor IZA Discussion Paper No. 6858 2012 54 p.

Suche
Zeitschrifteninformation
Metriken
Gesamte Zeit Letztes Jahr Letzte 30 Tage
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 278 182 10
PDF Downloads 196 125 2