Gonadosomatic index and fecundity of threatened reba carp, Cirrhinus reba (Hamilton), in the Ganges River (northwest Bangladesh)

Md. Abu Sayed Jewel 1 , Md. Ayenuddin Haque 1 , Mst. Shahanaj Ferdous 1 , Mst. Samsad Khatun 1 , Dil Afroza Khanom 1 ,  and Jakia Hasan 2
  • 1 Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
  • 2 Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute (BFRI), Marine Fisheries & Technology Station, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh


The gonadosomatic index (GSI) and fecundity of the threatened Cirrhinus reba (Hamilton) was studied over a period of one year from January to December 2015 in the Ganges River (northwest Bangladesh). The GSI index indicated that the C. reba breeding season in the Ganges was from June to September with the peak in August. Fish fecundity increased with increasing fish length and weight, and the highest fecundity (265,042.23) was recorded in a fish with a total length, a body weight, and an ovary weight of 23.80 cm, 136.00 g and 45.00 g, respectively. There was a linear relationship between fecundity and total length (r = 0.871), body weight (r = 0.872), and ovary weight (r = 0.879), with that between ovary weight and fecundity being the strongest.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Akhteruzzaman M., Kohinoor A.H.M., Islam M.S., Modak P.C. 1998 – Observations on the induced breeding of indigenous small fish, Bhagna (Cirrhinus reba Ham.) in Bangladesh – Progress. Agricult. 9: 281-284.

  • Akther S., Akther S. 2011 – Some aspects of the reproductive biology and sex-ratio of Cirrhina reba (Hamilton) (Cyprinidae: Cypriniformes) – Univ. J. Zool. Rajshahi Univ.30: 21-24.

  • Alam M., Pathak J.K. 2010 – Assessment of fecundity and gonadosomatic index of commercially important fish, Labeo rohita from Ramganga river – Int. J. Pharma. Bio. Sci. 1: 1-6.

  • Ali M.R., Mollah M.F.A., Sarder M.R.I. 2013 – Fecundity and gonado-somatic index of wild freshwater spiny eel Mastacembelus armatus (Lacepede) from Kishoreganj region of Bangladesh – J. Bangladesh Agri. Univ. 11: 365-372.

  • Davis T.L.O., West G.J. 1993 – Maturation, reproductive seasonality, fecundity and spawning frequency in Lutjanus vittus (Quoy and Gaimard) from the North West Shelf of Australia – Fish. Bull. 91: 224-236.

  • Gupta S., Banerjee S. 2016 – A Review on Feeding and Reproductive Biology of Cirrhinus reba (Hamilton, 1822), A Threatened Freshwater Fish of Indian Subcontinent with an Emphasis on its Conservation – Fish. Aqua. J. 7: 170.

  • Hossain M.Y., Hossen M.A., Islam M.S., Jasmine S., Nawer F., Rahman M.M. 2017–Reproductive biology of Pethia ticto (Cyprinidae) from the Gorai River (SW Bangladesh) – J. Appl. Ichthyol. 33: 1007-1014.

  • Hossain M.Y., Khatun M.S.T.M., Jasmine S., Rahman M.D.M., Jahan M.D.S., Jewel A.S.J. 2013 – Life-history traits of the threatened freshwater fish Cirrhinus reba (Hamilton, 1822) (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) in the Ganges river. Northwestern Bangladesh – Sains Malays. 42: 1219-1229.

  • Hunter J.R., Macewicz B.J., Lo N.C.H., Kimbrell C.A. 1992 – Fecundity, spawning and maturity of female Dover sole Microstomus pacificu with an evaluation of assumption and precision – Fish. Bull. 90: 101-128.

  • Hussain M.G., Mazid M.A. 2001 – Genetic improvement and conservation in Bangladesh – Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute and International Center for Living Aquatic Resource Management, Bangladesh, 74 p.

  • Islam M.R., Sultana N., Hossain M.B., Mondal S. 2012 – Estimation of Fecundity and Gonadosomatic Index (GSI) of Gangetic Whiting, Sillaginopsis panijus (Hamilton, 1822) from the Meghna River Estuary, Bangladesh – World Appl. Sci. J. 17: 1253-1260.

  • IUCN Bangladesh 2000 – Red Book of Threatened Fishes of Bangladesh – The World Conservation Union, Bangladesh Ofice, Dhaka, 116 p.

  • Jan M., Ahmed I. 2016 – Assessment of fecundity, gonadosomatic index and hepatosomatic index of snow trout, Schizothorax plagiostomus in river Lidder, from Kashmir Himalaya, India – Int. J. Fish. Aqua. Stud. 4: 370-375.

  • Jayaram K.C. 1981 – The freshwater fishes of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma and Sri Lanka – Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, 475 p.

  • Khan I.A. 1986 – Fecundity of Cirrhinus reba (Hamilton-Buchanan) from Baigul reservoir in Uttar Pradesh – Indian J. Ani. Sci. 56: 711-716.

  • Lashari P.K., Narejo N.T., Laghari M.Y., Mastoi, A.M. 2007 – Studies on the gonadosomatic index and fecundity of a carp Cirrhinus reba (Hamilton) from fishponds of district Jacobabad, Sindh, Pakistan – Pak. J. Zool. 39: 95-98.

  • Lashari P.K., Narejo N.T., Laghari M.Y. 2010 – Feeding behavior of a carp, Cirrhinus reba (Hamilton-1822) from fish ponds of district Jacobabad, Sindh, Pakistan – Pak. J. Zool. 42: 345-348.

  • Mishra S., Saksena D.N. 2012 – Gonadosomatic index and fecundity of an Indian major carp Labeo calbasu in Gohad reservoir – The Bioscan 7: 43-46.

  • Naik G., Rashid M., Balkhim M.H., Bhatm F.A. 2015 – Food and Feeding Habits of Cyprinus carpio Var. communis: A Reason that Decline Schizothoracine Fish Production from Dal Lake of Kashmir Valley – Fish. Aqua. J. 6: 155.

  • Nandikeswari R., Anandan V. 2013 – Analysis on Gonadosomatic Index and Fecundity of Terapon Puta from Nallavadu Coast Pondicherry – Int. J. Sci. Res. Publ. 3: 1-4.

  • Oso J.A., Idowu E.O., Fagbuaro O., Olaniran T.S., Ayorinde B.E. 2011 – Fecundity, condition factor and gonado-somatic index of Hepsetus odoe (African Pike) in a tropical reservoir, Southwest Nigeria – World J. Fish. Mari. Sci. 3: 112-116.

  • Ramasamy M., Rajangam S. 2017 – Maturation and reproductive biology of reba carp Cirrhinus reba (Hamilton) in Lower Anicut Reservoir, Tamil Nadu, India – Fish. Aqua. J. 8: 223.

  • Roy A., Hossain M.S., Rahman M.L., Salam M.A., Ali M.M. 2014 – Fecundity and gonadosomatic index of Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton, 1822) from the Payra River, Patuakhali, Bangladesh – J. Fish. 2: 141-147.

  • Sarkar U.K., Negi R.S., Deepak P.K., Singh S.P., Srivastava S.M., Roy D. 2004 – Captive breeding of vulnerable Indian carp Cirrhinus reba with Ovaprim for conservation of wild populations – Aquaculture Asia 4: 5-7.

  • Shafi S. 2012 – Study on fecundity and GSI of Carassius carassius (Linneaus, 1758-introduced) from Dal Lake Kashmir – J. Biol. Agri. Health. 2: 68-75.

  • Shafi S., Yousuf A.R., Parveen M. 2012 – Study on the fecundity of Cyprinus carpio communis (Linneaus, 1758, introduce) – Int. J. Sci. Res. Publ. 2: 1-5.


Journal + Issues