Non-native fish species in heated lakes: Origins and present status

Open access

Abstract

This paper discusses the problem of the occurrence of non-native fish species in a strongly transformed aquatic ecosystem. The changes in this ecosystem are caused by warm water discharges from two electric power plants. Twelve non-native fish species are confirmed to occur in the system of five heated lakes located in central Poland. In total, 30% of the total number of non-native species confirmed in Polish inland waters were noted. Aquaculture and fisheries are the primary sources of non-native species in these lakes. Among the species identified, most reached the lakes or canals by escaping from farming facilities or through commercial stocking. Four species have established stable populations. Pseudorasbora parva (Temminck & Schlegel), Carassius gibelio (Bloch), and Carassius auratus (L.) are invasive species that occur abundantly in all the lakes, while Cyprinus carpio L. reproduces irregularly and only in the most heated lakes. The remaining species do not reproduce in the heated lakes system, or anywhere else in Poland; still, the threat these species pose must not be underestimated.

References

  • Brylinska M. 2000 - Freshwater fishes of Poland - Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN Warszawa: 338-339 (in Polish).

  • Ciepielewski W. 2000 - Commercial catches. Biomass of several fish species in two heated Konin lakes stocked with grass and silver carp - Komun. Ryb. 5: 11-17 (in Polish).

  • Ciepielewski W. 2001 - Herbivorous fish in two of the most intensely heated lakes in the Konin complex - Komun. Ryb. 5: 11-17 (in Polish).

  • Cucherousset J. Olden J.D. 2011 - Ecological impacts of non-native freshwater fishes - Fisheries 36: 215-230.

  • Dudgeon D. Arthington A.H. Gessner M.O. Kawabata Z.I. Knowler D.J. Leveque C. Naiman R.J. Prieur-Richard A.H. Soto D. Stiassny M.L.J. Sullivan C.A 2006 - Freshwater biodiversity: importance threats status and conservation challenges - Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 81: 163-182.

  • Ejsmont-Karabin J. 2011 - Does invasion of Vallisneria spiralis L. promote appearance of rare and new rotifer (Rotifera) species in littoral of the lakes heated by power station (Konin lakes W. Poland)? - Pol. J. Ecol. 59: 201-207.

  • Gessner J. Arndt G.M. Tiedemann R. Bartel R. Kirschbaum F. 2006 - Remediation measures for the Baltic sturgeon: status review and perspectives - J. Appl. Ichthyol. 22 (Suppl. 1): 23-31.

  • Gozlan R.E. Britton J.R. Cowx I. Copp G.H. 2010a - Current knowledge on non - native freshwater fish introductions - J. Fish Biol. 76: 751-786.

  • Gozlan R.E. Andreou D. Asaeda T. Beyer K. Bouhadad R. Burnard D. Caiola N. Cakic P. Djikanovic V. Esmaeili H.R. Falka I. Golicher D. Harka A. Jeney G. Kovae V. Musil J. Nocita A. Povz M. Poulet N. Virbickas T. Wolter C. Tarkan S.A. Tricarico E. Trichkova T. Verreycken H. Witkowski A. Zhang C.G. Zweimueller I. Britton R.J. 2010b - Pan-continental invasion of Pseudorasbora parva: towards a better understanding of freshwater ?sh invasion - Fish Fish. 11: 315-340.

  • Grabowska J. Przybylski M. 2015 - Life-history traits of non-native freshwater fish invaders differentiate them from natives in the Central European bioregion - Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 25: 165-178.

  • Grabowska J. Kotusz J. Witkowski A. 2010 - Alien invasive fish species in Polish waters: an overview - Folia Zool. 59: 73-85.

  • Guo Q. Olden J.D. 2014 - Spatial scaling of non-native fish richness across the United States - PLoS ONE 9(5): e97727. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0097727.

    • Crossref
  • Jackson M.C. Britton J.R. 2013 - Variation in the trophic overlap of invasive Pseudorasbora parva and sympatric cyprinid fishes - Ecol. Freshw. Fish 22: 654-657.

  • Kapusta A. 2004 - Impact of varied environmental conditions on the distribution and abundance of fry in the littoral zone of Lake Lichenskie - Inland Fisheries Institute PhD thesis Olsztyn 139 p. (in Polish) Kapusta A. 2011 - Ecological risks associated with exotic species introduced into aquaculture - In: New species in aquaculture - reproduction rearing prophylactics (Eds) Z. Zakeoe K. Demska-Zakeoe A. Kowalska Wyd. IRS Olsztyn: 319-324 (in Polish).

  • Kapusta A. Bogacka E. Czarnecki B. 2006 - Pseudorasbora parva (Schlegel 1842) in the Konin lakes: spread of new fish species in lakes that are spatially isolated - In: Book of abstracts of the 20th Conference of Polish Hydrobiologists 5-8 September 2006 Torun (in Polish).

  • Kapusta A. Bogacka-Kapusta E. Czarnecki B. 2008 - The significance of stone moroko Pseudorasbora parva (Temmick and Schlegel) in the small-sized fish assemblages in the littoral zone of the heated Lake Lichenskie - Arch. Pol. Fish. 16: 49-62.

  • Kapusta A. Kutsokon Y. Bogacka-Kapusta E. 2014 - Comparisons of morphometrics recently established population of topmouth gudgeon (Pseudorasbora parva) from a heated lakes in Poland - Acta Universitatis Prešoviensis Folia Oecologica 6: 4-8.

  • Kolman R. Kapusta A. Duda A. Wiszniewski G. 2011 - Review of the current status of the Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus Mitchill 1815 in Poland: principles previous experience and results - J. Appl. Ichthyol. 27: 186-191.

    • Crossref
  • Kotusz 2011- Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch 1782) - In: Alien species in the fauna of Poland (Eds) Z. G3owacinski H. Okarma J. Paw3owski W. Solarz Instytut Ochrony Przyrody PAN Krakow: 376-381 (in Polish).

  • Kraszewski A. Zdanowski B. 2007 - Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea 1834)(Mollusca)-a new mussel species in Poland: occurrence and habitat preferences in a heated lake system - Pol. J. Ecol. 55: 337-356.

  • Najberek K. Solarz W. 2011 - Konin Lakes as a hot-spot for biological invasion in Poland - In: Alien species in the fauna of Poland (Eds) Z. G3owacinski H. Okarma J. Paw3owski W. Solarz Instytut Ochrony Przyrody PAN Krakow: 614-623 (in Polish).

  • Opuszynski K. Bieniarz K. 1974 - Present state and prospects for warm water fish reproduction and managing the first stages of growth under artificial conditions - Rocz. Nauk Rol. 96-H-3: 27-43 (in Polish).

  • Pikitch E.K. Doukakis P. Lauck L. Chakrabarty P. Erickson D.L. 2005 - Status trends and management of sturgeon and paddlefish fisheries - Fish Fish. 6: 233-265.

  • Rahel F.J. Olden J.D. 2008 - Assessing the effects of climate change on aquatic invasive species - Conserv. Biol. 22: 521-533.

  • Rylková K. Kalous L. Bohlen J. Lamatsch D.K. Petrtyl M. 2013 - Phylogeny and biogeographic history of the cyprinid fish genus Carassius (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) with focus on natural and anthropogenic arrivals in Europe - Aquaculture 380: 13-20.

  • Schlaepfer M.A. Sax D.F. Olden J.D. 2011 - The potential conservation value of non-native species - Conserv. Biol. 25: 428-437.

  • Sinicyna O.O. Zdanowski B. 2007 - Development of the zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha (Pall.) population in a heated lakes ecosystem. II. Life strategy - Arch. Pol. Fish. 15: 387-400.

  • Stawecki K. Zdanowski B. Pyka J.P. 2013 - Long-term changes in post-cooling water loads from power plants and thermal and oxygen conditions in stratified lakes - Arch. Pol. Fish. 21: 331-342.

  • Szumiec J. Ronchetti A. 1987 - Black buffalo in Polish waters - Gosp. Ryb. 39: 5-7 (in Polish).

  • Tereshchenko V.G. Kapusta A. Wilkonska H. Strelnikova A.P. 2007 - Long-term changes in 0+ fish assemblages in the littoral zone of heated lakes. I. Diversity evenness and dynamic phase portrait of species structure - Arch. Pol. Fish. 15: 415-430.

  • Wilkońska H. 1988a - The effect of heated-water discharge in the Konin lakes (Poland) on their ichthyofauna - Ekol. pol. 36: 145-163.

  • Wilkońska H. 1988b - Effect of the introduction of herbivorous fish in the heated Lake Gos3awskie (Poland) on the fry of local ichthyofauna - Ekol. pol. 36: 275-281.

  • Wilkońska H. 1994 - Changes in the efficiency of natural reproduction and survival of fish larvae in heated Konin lakes - Arch. Pol. Fish. 2: 285-299.

  • Wilkońska H.  ̄uromska H. 1977a - Changes in the species composition of fry in the shallow littoral of heated lakes of the Konin lakes complex - Rocz. Nauk Rol. 97-H: 113-134 (in Polish).

  • Wilkońska H.  ̄uromska H. 1977b - Observations of fish reproduction in the Konin lakes complex heated by effluent waters from a power plant - Rocz. Nauk Rol. 97-H: 77-89 (in Polish).

  • Witkowski A. 2009 - On the expansion and occurrence of an invasive species - Pseudorasbora parva (Temminck et Schlegel 1846) (Teleostei: Cyprinidae: Gobioninae) in Poland - Fragm. Faun. 52: 25-32.

  • Witkowski A. 2011 - Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1757) - In: Alien species in the fauna of Poland (Eds) Z. G3owacinski H. Okarma J. Paw3owski W. Solarz Instytut Ochrony Przyrody PAN Krakow: 421-422 (in Polish).

  • Witkowski A. Grabowska J. 2012 - The non-indigenous freshwater fishes of Poland: Threats to the native ichthyofauna and consequences for the fishery: A review - Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 42: 77-87.

  • Záhorská E. Balažova M. Šurova M. 2013 - Morphology sexual dimorphism and size at maturation in topmouth gudgeon (Pseudorasbora parva) from the heated Lake Lichenskie (Poland) - Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst. 411: 07. DOI: 10.1051/kmae/2013074.

    • Crossref
  • Záhorská E. Kovae V. Švolikova K. Kapusta A. 2014 - Reproductive parameters of topmouth gudgeon (Pseudorasbora parva) from a heated Lake Lichenskie (Poland) - Cent. Eur. J. Biol. 9: 212-219.

  • Zawisza J. Backiel T. 1972 - Some results of fishery biological investigation at heated lakes - Verh. Int. Verein. Limnol. 18: 1190-1197.

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  • Brylinska M. 2000 - Freshwater fishes of Poland - Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN Warszawa: 338-339 (in Polish).

  • Ciepielewski W. 2000 - Commercial catches. Biomass of several fish species in two heated Konin lakes stocked with grass and silver carp - Komun. Ryb. 5: 11-17 (in Polish).

  • Ciepielewski W. 2001 - Herbivorous fish in two of the most intensely heated lakes in the Konin complex - Komun. Ryb. 5: 11-17 (in Polish).

  • Cucherousset J. Olden J.D. 2011 - Ecological impacts of non-native freshwater fishes - Fisheries 36: 215-230.

  • Dudgeon D. Arthington A.H. Gessner M.O. Kawabata Z.I. Knowler D.J. Leveque C. Naiman R.J. Prieur-Richard A.H. Soto D. Stiassny M.L.J. Sullivan C.A 2006 - Freshwater biodiversity: importance threats status and conservation challenges - Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 81: 163-182.

  • Ejsmont-Karabin J. 2011 - Does invasion of Vallisneria spiralis L. promote appearance of rare and new rotifer (Rotifera) species in littoral of the lakes heated by power station (Konin lakes W. Poland)? - Pol. J. Ecol. 59: 201-207.

  • Gessner J. Arndt G.M. Tiedemann R. Bartel R. Kirschbaum F. 2006 - Remediation measures for the Baltic sturgeon: status review and perspectives - J. Appl. Ichthyol. 22 (Suppl. 1): 23-31.

  • Gozlan R.E. Britton J.R. Cowx I. Copp G.H. 2010a - Current knowledge on non - native freshwater fish introductions - J. Fish Biol. 76: 751-786.

  • Gozlan R.E. Andreou D. Asaeda T. Beyer K. Bouhadad R. Burnard D. Caiola N. Cakic P. Djikanovic V. Esmaeili H.R. Falka I. Golicher D. Harka A. Jeney G. Kovae V. Musil J. Nocita A. Povz M. Poulet N. Virbickas T. Wolter C. Tarkan S.A. Tricarico E. Trichkova T. Verreycken H. Witkowski A. Zhang C.G. Zweimueller I. Britton R.J. 2010b - Pan-continental invasion of Pseudorasbora parva: towards a better understanding of freshwater ?sh invasion - Fish Fish. 11: 315-340.

  • Grabowska J. Przybylski M. 2015 - Life-history traits of non-native freshwater fish invaders differentiate them from natives in the Central European bioregion - Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 25: 165-178.

  • Grabowska J. Kotusz J. Witkowski A. 2010 - Alien invasive fish species in Polish waters: an overview - Folia Zool. 59: 73-85.

  • Guo Q. Olden J.D. 2014 - Spatial scaling of non-native fish richness across the United States - PLoS ONE 9(5): e97727. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0097727.

    • Crossref
  • Jackson M.C. Britton J.R. 2013 - Variation in the trophic overlap of invasive Pseudorasbora parva and sympatric cyprinid fishes - Ecol. Freshw. Fish 22: 654-657.

  • Kapusta A. 2004 - Impact of varied environmental conditions on the distribution and abundance of fry in the littoral zone of Lake Lichenskie - Inland Fisheries Institute PhD thesis Olsztyn 139 p. (in Polish) Kapusta A. 2011 - Ecological risks associated with exotic species introduced into aquaculture - In: New species in aquaculture - reproduction rearing prophylactics (Eds) Z. Zakeoe K. Demska-Zakeoe A. Kowalska Wyd. IRS Olsztyn: 319-324 (in Polish).

  • Kapusta A. Bogacka E. Czarnecki B. 2006 - Pseudorasbora parva (Schlegel 1842) in the Konin lakes: spread of new fish species in lakes that are spatially isolated - In: Book of abstracts of the 20th Conference of Polish Hydrobiologists 5-8 September 2006 Torun (in Polish).

  • Kapusta A. Bogacka-Kapusta E. Czarnecki B. 2008 - The significance of stone moroko Pseudorasbora parva (Temmick and Schlegel) in the small-sized fish assemblages in the littoral zone of the heated Lake Lichenskie - Arch. Pol. Fish. 16: 49-62.

  • Kapusta A. Kutsokon Y. Bogacka-Kapusta E. 2014 - Comparisons of morphometrics recently established population of topmouth gudgeon (Pseudorasbora parva) from a heated lakes in Poland - Acta Universitatis Prešoviensis Folia Oecologica 6: 4-8.

  • Kolman R. Kapusta A. Duda A. Wiszniewski G. 2011 - Review of the current status of the Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus Mitchill 1815 in Poland: principles previous experience and results - J. Appl. Ichthyol. 27: 186-191.

    • Crossref
  • Kotusz 2011- Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch 1782) - In: Alien species in the fauna of Poland (Eds) Z. G3owacinski H. Okarma J. Paw3owski W. Solarz Instytut Ochrony Przyrody PAN Krakow: 376-381 (in Polish).

  • Kraszewski A. Zdanowski B. 2007 - Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea 1834)(Mollusca)-a new mussel species in Poland: occurrence and habitat preferences in a heated lake system - Pol. J. Ecol. 55: 337-356.

  • Najberek K. Solarz W. 2011 - Konin Lakes as a hot-spot for biological invasion in Poland - In: Alien species in the fauna of Poland (Eds) Z. G3owacinski H. Okarma J. Paw3owski W. Solarz Instytut Ochrony Przyrody PAN Krakow: 614-623 (in Polish).

  • Opuszynski K. Bieniarz K. 1974 - Present state and prospects for warm water fish reproduction and managing the first stages of growth under artificial conditions - Rocz. Nauk Rol. 96-H-3: 27-43 (in Polish).

  • Pikitch E.K. Doukakis P. Lauck L. Chakrabarty P. Erickson D.L. 2005 - Status trends and management of sturgeon and paddlefish fisheries - Fish Fish. 6: 233-265.

  • Rahel F.J. Olden J.D. 2008 - Assessing the effects of climate change on aquatic invasive species - Conserv. Biol. 22: 521-533.

  • Rylková K. Kalous L. Bohlen J. Lamatsch D.K. Petrtyl M. 2013 - Phylogeny and biogeographic history of the cyprinid fish genus Carassius (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) with focus on natural and anthropogenic arrivals in Europe - Aquaculture 380: 13-20.

  • Schlaepfer M.A. Sax D.F. Olden J.D. 2011 - The potential conservation value of non-native species - Conserv. Biol. 25: 428-437.

  • Sinicyna O.O. Zdanowski B. 2007 - Development of the zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha (Pall.) population in a heated lakes ecosystem. II. Life strategy - Arch. Pol. Fish. 15: 387-400.

  • Stawecki K. Zdanowski B. Pyka J.P. 2013 - Long-term changes in post-cooling water loads from power plants and thermal and oxygen conditions in stratified lakes - Arch. Pol. Fish. 21: 331-342.

  • Szumiec J. Ronchetti A. 1987 - Black buffalo in Polish waters - Gosp. Ryb. 39: 5-7 (in Polish).

  • Tereshchenko V.G. Kapusta A. Wilkonska H. Strelnikova A.P. 2007 - Long-term changes in 0+ fish assemblages in the littoral zone of heated lakes. I. Diversity evenness and dynamic phase portrait of species structure - Arch. Pol. Fish. 15: 415-430.

  • Wilkońska H. 1988a - The effect of heated-water discharge in the Konin lakes (Poland) on their ichthyofauna - Ekol. pol. 36: 145-163.

  • Wilkońska H. 1988b - Effect of the introduction of herbivorous fish in the heated Lake Gos3awskie (Poland) on the fry of local ichthyofauna - Ekol. pol. 36: 275-281.

  • Wilkońska H. 1994 - Changes in the efficiency of natural reproduction and survival of fish larvae in heated Konin lakes - Arch. Pol. Fish. 2: 285-299.

  • Wilkońska H.  ̄uromska H. 1977a - Changes in the species composition of fry in the shallow littoral of heated lakes of the Konin lakes complex - Rocz. Nauk Rol. 97-H: 113-134 (in Polish).

  • Wilkońska H.  ̄uromska H. 1977b - Observations of fish reproduction in the Konin lakes complex heated by effluent waters from a power plant - Rocz. Nauk Rol. 97-H: 77-89 (in Polish).

  • Witkowski A. 2009 - On the expansion and occurrence of an invasive species - Pseudorasbora parva (Temminck et Schlegel 1846) (Teleostei: Cyprinidae: Gobioninae) in Poland - Fragm. Faun. 52: 25-32.

  • Witkowski A. 2011 - Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1757) - In: Alien species in the fauna of Poland (Eds) Z. G3owacinski H. Okarma J. Paw3owski W. Solarz Instytut Ochrony Przyrody PAN Krakow: 421-422 (in Polish).

  • Witkowski A. Grabowska J. 2012 - The non-indigenous freshwater fishes of Poland: Threats to the native ichthyofauna and consequences for the fishery: A review - Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 42: 77-87.

  • Záhorská E. Balažova M. Šurova M. 2013 - Morphology sexual dimorphism and size at maturation in topmouth gudgeon (Pseudorasbora parva) from the heated Lake Lichenskie (Poland) - Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst. 411: 07. DOI: 10.1051/kmae/2013074.

    • Crossref
  • Záhorská E. Kovae V. Švolikova K. Kapusta A. 2014 - Reproductive parameters of topmouth gudgeon (Pseudorasbora parva) from a heated Lake Lichenskie (Poland) - Cent. Eur. J. Biol. 9: 212-219.

  • Zawisza J. Backiel T. 1972 - Some results of fishery biological investigation at heated lakes - Verh. Int. Verein. Limnol. 18: 1190-1197.

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