Changes in macrophyte communities in Lake Swarzędzkie after the first year of restoration

Open access

Abstract

Lake Swarzędzkie, near Poznań, was a hypertrophic lake because of its high nutrient content, cyanobacteria blooms, and disruptive recreational use, especially swimming, which was popular there. This is why protection measures have been in place since 1991, and a restoration program has been ongoing since fall 2011. The evaluation of the presence and distribution of macrophytes as an important element of lake ecosystem was conducted in August 2012. Nine plant communities were observed: Phragmitetum communis; Typhetum angustifoliae; Nupharo-Nymphaeetum albae; Hydrocharitetum morsus-ranae; Thelypteridi-Phragmitetum; Cicuto-Caricetum pseudocyperi; Acoretum calami; Ceratophylletum demersi; Potametum lucentis. The first three were dominating associations. The presence of submerged vegetation appears to verify the positive impact of the applied conservation and restoration measures. Improvement is confirmed by the significant decrease in concentrations of chlorophyll-a and total nitrogen, as well as the gradual decrease in total suspended solids and increased transparency.

References

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  • Hao B.WuH. Shi Q. Liu G. Xing W. 2013 - Facilitation and competition among foundation species of submerged macrophytes threatened by severe eutrophication and implications for restoration - Ecol. Eng. 60: 76-80.

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  • Kolada A. Ciecierska H. 2008 - Field methodology for lake macrophyte study and biological monitoring of waters in accordance with the Water Framework Directive - Environmental and Natural Resources Conservation 37: 9-23 (in Polish).

  • Kowalczewska-Madura K. 2005 - Impact of changes in nutrient loads on the structure and functioning of the Lake Swarzedzkie ecosystem - Ph.D. thesis Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza Poznan (in Polish).

  • Kowalczewska-Madura K. Go3dyn R. 2006 - Anthropogenic changes in water quality in the Swarzedzkie Lake (West Poland) - Limnol. Rev. 6: 147-154.

  • Kozak A. Kowalczewska-Madura K. Go3dyn R. Czart A. 2014 - Phytoplankton composition and hysicochemical properties in Lake Swarzedzkie (midwestern Poland) during restoration: Preliminary result - Arch. Pol. Fish. 22: 17-28.

  • Kuczyńska-Kippen N. 2009 - Functioning of plankton assemblages in the varied habitats of small water basins in Greater Poland - Bonami Wydawnictwo Drukarnia Poznan (in Polish).

  • Kuczyńska-Kippen N. Nagengast B. Celewicz-Go3dyn S. Klimko M. 2009 - Zooplankton community structure within various macrophyte stands of a small water body in relation to seasonal changes in water level - ceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud. 3: 125-133.

  • Liu G. Liu Z. Gu B. Smoak J. M. Zhang Z. 2014 - How important are trophic state macrophyte and fish population effects on cladoceran community? A study in Lake Erhai - Hydrobiologia 736: 189-204.

  • Meijer M.-L. 2000 - Biomanipulation in the Netherlands. 15 years of experience - Ph.D. thesis Wageningery University Leystad 206 p.

  • Melzer A. 1999 - Aquatic macrophytes as tools for lake management - Hydrobiologia 395/396: 181-190.

  • Moss B. Jeppesen E. S_ndergaard M. Lauridsen T.L. Liu Z. 2013 - Nitrogen macrophytes shallow akes and nutrient limitation: resolution of a current controversy? - Hydrobiologia 710: 3-21.

  • Mulderij G. van Nesc E.H. van Donk E. 2007 - Macrophyte - phytoplankton interactions: The relative importance of allelopathy versus other factors - Ecol. Model. 204: 85-92.

  • Nagengast B. 1994 - Macrophytes as a crucial element in lake diagnostics - In: Theory and practice in ecological studies (Ed.) L. Burchardt Idee Ecol. 4 Ser. Szkice 3: 105-110 (in Polish).

  • Novak P.A. Chambers J.M. 2014 - Investigation of nutrient thresholds to guide restoration and management of two impounded rivers in south-western Australia - Ecol. Eng. 68: 116-123.

  • Oleksowicz A. 1988 - Algal community dynamics in Kashubian Lakes of various trophic status - Rozprawy UMK 84 p. (in Polish).

  • Ozimek T. Gulati R.D. van Donk E. 1990 - Can macrophytes be useful in biomanipulation of lakes? The Lake Zwemlust example - Hydrobiologia 200/201: 399-407.

  • Pieczyńska E. 1993 - The littoral zone and lake eutrophication conservation and restoration - Wiad. Ekol. 39: 139-162 (in Polish).

  • Pieczyńska E. 2008 - Eutrophication in shallow lakes: Macrophyte significance - Wiad. Ekol. 54: 3-28 (in Polish). Podbielkowski Z. Tomaszewicz H. 1996 - A Guide to Hydrobotony -Wyd. PWN Warszawa 530 p. (in Polish).

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  • Rosińska J. Go3dyn R. Podsiad3owski S. Dondajewska R. Kowalczewska-Madura K. Kozak A. Ruszkowska-Cichocka B. 2013 - Preliminary results of Lake Swarzedzkie restoration - In: Lake onservation and Restoration (Ed.) R. Wioeniewski Torun: 189-198 (in Polish).

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  • Søndergaard M. Johansson L.S. Lauridsen T.L. J_rgensen T.B. Liboriussen L. Jeppesen E. 2010 - Submerged macrophytes as indicators of the ecological quality of lakes - Freshwat. Biol. 55: 893-908.

  • Srivastava J. Gupta A. Chandra H. 2008 - Managing water quality with aquatic macrophytes - Rev. Environ. Sci. Biotechnol. 7: 255-266.

  • Szyper H. Go3dyn R. Romanowicz W. 1994 - Lake Swarzedzkie and its influence upon the water quality of the River Cybina - In: Protection of the water of the catchment area of the River Cybina (Ed.) R. Go3dyn Pr. Komis. Biol. PTPN 74: 7-31. van Donk E. Otte A. 1996 - Effects of grazing by fish and waterfowl on the biomass and species composition of submerged macrophytes - Hydrobiologia 340: 285-290. Changes in macrophyte communities in Lake Swarzedzkie after the first year of restoration 51 van Donk E. van de Bund W.J. 2002 - Impact of submerged macrophytes including charophytes on phyto- and zooplankton communities: allelopathy versus other mechanisms - Aquat. Bot. 72: 261-274.

  • Wang G.X. Zhang L.M. Chua H. Li X.D. Xia M.F. Pu P.M. 2009 - A mosaic community of macrophytes for the ecological remediation of eutrophic shallow lakes - Ecol. Eng. 35: 582-590.

  • WIOŚ 2008 - Report <http://poznan.wios.gov.pl/gis/> ocena2008/jeziora_ocena / Ocena_jez_IOS_2008.pdf (in Polish).

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Brzeg A. Wojterska M. 2001 - Greater Poland plant communities the state of knowledge and threats to them - In: Vegetation in Greater Poland and the Southern Pomeranian Lake District (Ed.) M. Wojterska Guide to Field Sessions 52. Zjazd PTB September 24-28 2001 Poznan: 39-110 (in Polish).

  • Celewicz-Go łdyn S. Joniak T. Kuczynska-Kippen N. Messyasz B. Nagengast B. Stefaniak K. 2009 - In: Functioning of plankton assemblages in diversified habitats in small water basins in Greater Poland (Ed.) N. Kuczynska-Kippen Bonami Wydawnictwo Drukarnia Poznan 501 p. (in Polish).

  • Celewicz-Gołdyn S. 2010 - Influence of Ceratophyllum demersum L. on phytoplankton structure in a shallow eutrophic lake - Oceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud. 39: 121-128. Ciecierska H. Kolada A. 2014 - ESMI: a macrophyte index for assessing the ecological status of lakes - Environ. Monit. Assess. 186: 5501-5517. Ciurli A. Zuccarini P. Alpi A. 2009 - Growth and nutrient absorption of two submerged aquatic macrophytes in mesocosms for reinsertion in a eutrophicated shallow lake - Wetlands Ecol. Manag. 17: 107-115.

  • Dai Y. Jia C. Liang W. Hu S. Wu Z. 2012 - Effects of the submerged macrophyte Ceratophyllum demersum L. on restoration of a eutrophic waterbody and its optimal coverage - Ecol. Eng. 40: 113-116.

  • Dondajewska R. Go3dyn R. Frankowski T. 2007 - Interactions between submerged macrophytes macrophyte-associated macroinvertebrates and water quality parameters in shallow preliminary reservoir - Teka Kom. Kszt. Ochr. OErod. Przyr. 4: 7-13.

  • Elbanowska H. Zerbe J. Siepak J. 1999 - Physicochemical Water Testing - Wyd. Uczelniane UAM. Poznan. 231 p. (in Polish).

  • Gołdyn R. Go3dyn H. Kaniewski W. 2005 - Water plant associations in the valley of the Cybina River - Rocz. AR Pozn. 373 Bot-Stec. 9: 69-87.

  • Gołdyn R. Go3dyn H. Kaniewski W. 2006 - Rush communities in the Cybina Valley (central Greater Poland). Part I: Phragmition communis - Bad. Fizjogr. Pol. Zach. Seria B Botanika 55: 79-89 (in Polish).

  • Gołdyn R. Go3dyn H. Kaniewski W. 2007 - Rush communities in the Cybina Valley (central Greater Poland). Part II: Magnocaricion elatae Oenanthion aquaticae and Phalaridion - Bad. Fizjogr. Pol. Zach. Seria B Botanika 56: 91-110 (in Polish).

  • Gołdyn R. Dondajewska R. Kowalczewska-Madura K. Rosinska J. Romanowicz-Brzozowska W. 2012 - Changes in Lake Swarzedzkie water quality as a consequence of restoration measures. Poznan. Pliki_info_2013/jezioro_-_sprawozdanie_roczne.pdf (in).

  • Gołdyn R. Podsiad3owski S. Dondajewska R. Kozak A. 2014 - The sustainable restoration of lakes - owards the challenges of the Water Framework Directive - Ecohydrol. Hydrobiol. 14: 68-74.

  • Grzybowski M. Endler Z. Jaworska B. 2008 - Ecological status and macrophyte phytocenosis diversity in Lake Pas3ek in the Olsztyn Lake District - Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol. 532: 91-99 (in Polish).

  • Hao B.WuH. Shi Q. Liu G. Xing W. 2013 - Facilitation and competition among foundation species of submerged macrophytes threatened by severe eutrophication and implications for restoration - Ecol. Eng. 60: 76-80.

  • Hilt S. Gross E.M. Hupfer M. Morscheid H. Mahlmann J. Melzer A. Poltz J. Sandrock S. Scharf E-M. Schneider S. van de Weyer K. 2006 - Restoration of submerged vegetation in shallow eutrophic lakes - A guideline and state of the art in Germany - Limnologica 36: 155-171.

  • Hilt S. van de Weyer K. Kohler A. Chorus I. 2010 - Submerged macrophyte responses to reduced phosphorus concentrations in two Peri-Urban Lakes - Restor. Ecol. 18(S2): 452-461.

  • Hutorowicz A. Dziedzic J. 2008 - Long-term changes in macrophyte vegetation after reduction of fish stock in a shallow lake - Aquat. Bot. 88: 265-272. Immers A.K. Vendrig K. Ibelings B.W. van Donk E. Ter Heerdt G.N.J. Geurts J.J.M. Bakker E.S. 2014 - Iron addition as a measure to restore water quality: Implications for macrophyte growth - Aquat. Bot. 116: 44-52.

  • Jańczak J. 1996 - Atlas of Polish Lakes. Vol I. The Lakes of the Greater Poland and Pomeranian Lake Districts within the Oder River Drainage Basin - IMGW Poznan. Bogucki Wyd. Naukowe (in Polish).

  • Jenek B. Suszczewicz R. Deplewski A. 1979 - Description of fisheries districts in open waters in Poznan Voivodeship part II - Poznan: 272-276 (in Polish). Kamiński G. 2000 - Spatial pollution of lakes in the Cybina River catchment- Master’s thesis Department of Water Conservation Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza (in Polish). 50 Joanna Rosinska Ryszard Go3dyn Kłosowski S. Jab3onska E. Szankowski M. 2011 - Aquatic vegetation as an indicator of littoral habitats and various stages of lake aging in north-eastern Poland - Ann. Limnol. 47: 281-295.

  • Kolada A. 2010 - The use of aquatic vegetation in lake assessment: testing the sensitivity of macrophyte metrics to anthropogenic pressures and water quality - Hydrobiologia 656: 133-147.

  • Kolada A. 2014 - The effect of lake morphology on aquatic vegetation development and changes under the influence of eutrophication - Ecol. Indic. 38: 282-293.

  • Kolada A. Ciecierska H. 2008 - Field methodology for lake macrophyte study and biological monitoring of waters in accordance with the Water Framework Directive - Environmental and Natural Resources Conservation 37: 9-23 (in Polish).

  • Kowalczewska-Madura K. 2005 - Impact of changes in nutrient loads on the structure and functioning of the Lake Swarzedzkie ecosystem - Ph.D. thesis Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza Poznan (in Polish).

  • Kowalczewska-Madura K. Go3dyn R. 2006 - Anthropogenic changes in water quality in the Swarzedzkie Lake (West Poland) - Limnol. Rev. 6: 147-154.

  • Kozak A. Kowalczewska-Madura K. Go3dyn R. Czart A. 2014 - Phytoplankton composition and hysicochemical properties in Lake Swarzedzkie (midwestern Poland) during restoration: Preliminary result - Arch. Pol. Fish. 22: 17-28.

  • Kuczyńska-Kippen N. 2009 - Functioning of plankton assemblages in the varied habitats of small water basins in Greater Poland - Bonami Wydawnictwo Drukarnia Poznan (in Polish).

  • Kuczyńska-Kippen N. Nagengast B. Celewicz-Go3dyn S. Klimko M. 2009 - Zooplankton community structure within various macrophyte stands of a small water body in relation to seasonal changes in water level - ceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud. 3: 125-133.

  • Liu G. Liu Z. Gu B. Smoak J. M. Zhang Z. 2014 - How important are trophic state macrophyte and fish population effects on cladoceran community? A study in Lake Erhai - Hydrobiologia 736: 189-204.

  • Meijer M.-L. 2000 - Biomanipulation in the Netherlands. 15 years of experience - Ph.D. thesis Wageningery University Leystad 206 p.

  • Melzer A. 1999 - Aquatic macrophytes as tools for lake management - Hydrobiologia 395/396: 181-190.

  • Moss B. Jeppesen E. S_ndergaard M. Lauridsen T.L. Liu Z. 2013 - Nitrogen macrophytes shallow akes and nutrient limitation: resolution of a current controversy? - Hydrobiologia 710: 3-21.

  • Mulderij G. van Nesc E.H. van Donk E. 2007 - Macrophyte - phytoplankton interactions: The relative importance of allelopathy versus other factors - Ecol. Model. 204: 85-92.

  • Nagengast B. 1994 - Macrophytes as a crucial element in lake diagnostics - In: Theory and practice in ecological studies (Ed.) L. Burchardt Idee Ecol. 4 Ser. Szkice 3: 105-110 (in Polish).

  • Novak P.A. Chambers J.M. 2014 - Investigation of nutrient thresholds to guide restoration and management of two impounded rivers in south-western Australia - Ecol. Eng. 68: 116-123.

  • Oleksowicz A. 1988 - Algal community dynamics in Kashubian Lakes of various trophic status - Rozprawy UMK 84 p. (in Polish).

  • Ozimek T. Gulati R.D. van Donk E. 1990 - Can macrophytes be useful in biomanipulation of lakes? The Lake Zwemlust example - Hydrobiologia 200/201: 399-407.

  • Pieczyńska E. 1993 - The littoral zone and lake eutrophication conservation and restoration - Wiad. Ekol. 39: 139-162 (in Polish).

  • Pieczyńska E. 2008 - Eutrophication in shallow lakes: Macrophyte significance - Wiad. Ekol. 54: 3-28 (in Polish). Podbielkowski Z. Tomaszewicz H. 1996 - A Guide to Hydrobotony -Wyd. PWN Warszawa 530 p. (in Polish).

  • Qin B.Q. Gao G. Zhu G. W. Zhang Y.L. Song Y.Z. Tang X.M. Xu H. Deng J.M. 2013 - Lake eutrophication and its ecosystem response - Chin. Sci. Bull. 58: 961-970.

  • Rosińska J. Go3dyn R. Podsiad3owski S. Dondajewska R. Kowalczewska-Madura K. Kozak A. Ruszkowska-Cichocka B. 2013 - Preliminary results of Lake Swarzedzkie restoration - In: Lake onservation and Restoration (Ed.) R. Wioeniewski Torun: 189-198 (in Polish).

  • Scheffer M. Hosper S.H. Meijer M.-L. Moss B. Jeppesen E. 1993 - Alternative equilibria in shallow lakes - Trends Ecol. Evol. 8: 275-279. Schriver P. B_gestrand J. Jeppesen E. S_ndergaard M. 1995 - Impact of submerged macrophytes on fish-zooplankton-phytoplankton interactions: large-scale enclosure experiments in a shallow eutrophic lake - Freshwat. Biol. 33: 255-270.

  • Søndergaard M. Johansson L.S. Lauridsen T.L. J_rgensen T.B. Liboriussen L. Jeppesen E. 2010 - Submerged macrophytes as indicators of the ecological quality of lakes - Freshwat. Biol. 55: 893-908.

  • Srivastava J. Gupta A. Chandra H. 2008 - Managing water quality with aquatic macrophytes - Rev. Environ. Sci. Biotechnol. 7: 255-266.

  • Szyper H. Go3dyn R. Romanowicz W. 1994 - Lake Swarzedzkie and its influence upon the water quality of the River Cybina - In: Protection of the water of the catchment area of the River Cybina (Ed.) R. Go3dyn Pr. Komis. Biol. PTPN 74: 7-31. van Donk E. Otte A. 1996 - Effects of grazing by fish and waterfowl on the biomass and species composition of submerged macrophytes - Hydrobiologia 340: 285-290. Changes in macrophyte communities in Lake Swarzedzkie after the first year of restoration 51 van Donk E. van de Bund W.J. 2002 - Impact of submerged macrophytes including charophytes on phyto- and zooplankton communities: allelopathy versus other mechanisms - Aquat. Bot. 72: 261-274.

  • Wang G.X. Zhang L.M. Chua H. Li X.D. Xia M.F. Pu P.M. 2009 - A mosaic community of macrophytes for the ecological remediation of eutrophic shallow lakes - Ecol. Eng. 35: 582-590.

  • WIOŚ 2008 - Report ocena2008/jeziora_ocena / Ocena_jez_IOS_2008.pdf (in Polish).

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