Fatty acid profiles in marine and freshwater fish from fish markets in northeastern Poland

Open access

Abstract

The fatty acid compositions were studied in eight commercially important fish from fish markets: salmon, Salmo salar L.; cod, Gadus morhua L.; common sole, Solea solea (L.); European flounder, Platichthys flesus (L.); catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell); rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walb.); Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.); and pangasius, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Sauvage). The freshwater fish contained 25.69-42.18% saturated, 34.90-43.79% monounsaturated, 8.46-16.32% n-6 polyunsaturated, and 5.01-20.43% n-3 polyunsaturated acid, while marine fish contained 18.53-32.77% saturated, 17.95-49.89% monounsaturated, 3.40-11.51% n-6 polyunsaturated, and 18.74-45.42% n-3 polyunsaturated acid. Marine fish contained significantly more Ʃn-3 PUFA (29.79%), EPA (12.26%), DHA (13.20%), and a higher n-3/n-6 (6.95) ratio than freshwater fish (13.13, 2.47, 7.14, 1.29%) (P≤ 0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the n-3/n-6 ratio among fish species (cod (13.40) > sole (8.47) > flounder (4.30) > rainbow trout (2.41) > catfish (1.83) ≈ salmon (1.63) > tilapia (0.57) ≈ pangasius (0.36) (P ≤0.05)).

Abstract

The fatty acid compositions were studied in eight commercially important fish from fish markets: salmon, Salmo salar L.; cod, Gadus morhua L.; common sole, Solea solea (L.); European flounder, Platichthys flesus (L.); catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell); rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walb.); Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.); and pangasius, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Sauvage). The freshwater fish contained 25.69-42.18% saturated, 34.90-43.79% monounsaturated, 8.46-16.32% n-6 polyunsaturated, and 5.01-20.43% n-3 polyunsaturated acid, while marine fish contained 18.53-32.77% saturated, 17.95-49.89% monounsaturated, 3.40-11.51% n-6 polyunsaturated, and 18.74-45.42% n-3 polyunsaturated acid. Marine fish contained significantly more Ʃn-3 PUFA (29.79%), EPA (12.26%), DHA (13.20%), and a higher n-3/n-6 (6.95) ratio than freshwater fish (13.13, 2.47, 7.14, 1.29%) (P≤ 0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the n-3/n-6 ratio among fish species (cod (13.40) > sole (8.47) > flounder (4.30) > rainbow trout (2.41) > catfish (1.83) ≈ salmon (1.63) > tilapia (0.57) ≈ pangasius (0.36) (P ≤0.05)).

References

  • Berg H., Nilsson S. 1997 - Determination of fat content in meat and meat products with NMR and SFE - Proc.Euro-Food Chem IX, Interlaken Switzerland, September 24-26: 1: 59-64.

  • Bienkiewicz G., Domiszewski Z. 2008 - The content of long chain omega 3 unsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3-PUFA) in selected fish species - Mag. Przem. Rybn. 2: 45-46 (in Polish).

  • Bienkiewicz G., Domiszewski Z., Kuszynski T. 2008 - Freshwater fish as a source of essential unsaturated fatty acids NNKT - Mag. Przem. Rybn. 3: 58-59 (in Polish).

  • Christie W.W. 1973 - The isolation of lipids from tissues. Recommended Procedures. Chloroform-methanol (2:1, v/v) extraction and “Folch” wash - In: Lipid Analysis. Isolation, separation, identification and structural analysis of lipids (Ed.) W.W. Christie, Pergamon Press Oxford, New York - Toronto - Sydney - Braunschweig: 39-40.

  • Defilippis A.P., Blaha M.J., Jacobson T.A. 2010 - Omega-3 fatty acids for cardiovascular disease prevention - Curr.Treat. Options Cardiovasc. Med. 12: 365-380.

  • Diraman H., Dibeklioglu H. 2009 - Chemometric characterization and classification of selected freshwater and marine fishes from Turkey based on their fatty acid profiles - J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 86: 235-246.

  • Drobna Z., Zelenka E., Mrkvicova E., Kladroba D. 2006 - Influence of dietary linseed and sunflower oil on sensory characteristics of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) - Czech J. Anim. Sci. 51: 475-482.

  • Glogowski J., Ciereszko A. 2001 - Why we should increase fish consumption, especially that of rainbow trout - Mag. Przem. Rybn. 2: 95-102 (In Polish, with English abstract).

  • Gokce M.A., Taobozan O., Celik M., Tabakolu T.S. 2004 - Seasonal variations in proximate and fatty acid compositions of female common sole (Solea solea) - Food Chem. 88: 419-423.

  • Grela E.R., Dudek R. 2007 - Nutrients contents and fatty acid profile in muscle tissue of some marine and freshwater fish -  ̄yw. Cz3ow. Metab. 34(1/2): 561-565 (in Polish; with English abstract).

  • Halilolu H.I., Aras N.M., Yetim H. 2002 - Comparison of muscle fatty acids of three trout species (Salvelinus alpinus, Salmo trutta fario, Oncorhynchus mykiss) raised under the same conditions - Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 26: 1097-1102.

  • Ho B.T., Paul D.R. 2009 - Fatty acid profile of Tra Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) compared to Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Solar) and Asian Seabass (Lates calcarifer) - Inter. Food Res. J. 16: 501-506.

  • Holub D.J., Holub B.J. 2004 - Omega-3 fatty acids from fish oils and cardiovascular disease - Molec. Cell. Biochem. 263: 217-225. _mre S., Salik S. 1998 - Fatty acid composition and cholesterol content of some Turkish fish species - Turk. J. Chem. 22: 321-324.

  • Kalyoncu L., Yaman Y., Aktumsek A. 2010 - Determination of the seasonal changes on total fatty acid composition of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss in Ivriz Dam Lake, Turkey - Afr. J. Biotech. 9: 4783-4787.

  • Ko3akowska A., Szczygielski M., Bienkiewicz G., Zienkowicz L. 2000 - Some of fish species as a source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids - Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 30: 59-70.

  • Kris-Etherton P.M., Harris W.S., Appel L.J. 2002 - AHA Scientific Statement: Fish consumption, fish oil, omega-3 fatty acids, and cardiovascular disease - Circulation 106: 2747-2757.

  • Kwetegyeka J., Mpango G., Grahl-Nielsen O. 2008 - Variation in fatty acid composition in muscle and heart tissues among species and populations of tropical fish in Lakes Victoria and Kyoga - Lipids 43: 1017-1029.

  • Lecerf J.M. 2007 - Produits de la peche et acides gras omega 3. Interet en prevention cardio-vasculaire - Phytotherapie 5: 14-21.

  • Łuczynska J., Borejszo Z., Łuczynski M.J. 2008 - The composition of fatty acids in muscles of six freshwater fish Fatty acid profiles in marine and freshwater fish from fish markets in northeastern Poland 187 species from the Mazurian Great Lakes (northeastern Poland) - Arch. Pol. Fish. 2: 167-178.

  • Njinkoue J.M., Barnathan G., Miralles J., Gaydou E.M., Samb A. 2002 - Lipids and fatty acids in muscle, liver and skin of three edible fish from the Senegalese coast: Sardinella maderensis, Sardinella aurita and Cephalopholis taeniops - Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part B 131: 395-402.

  • Osibona A.O., Kusemiju K., Akanie G.R. 2009 - Fatty acid composition and amino acid profile of two freshwater species, African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) and tilapia (Tilapia zilli) - Afr. J. Food Agric. Nutr Develop. 9: 608-621.

  • Osibona A.O. 2011 - Comparative study of proximate composition, amino and fatty acids of some economically important fish species in Lagos, Nigeria - Afr. J. Food Sci. 5: 581-588.

  • Ozogul Y., Ozogul F., Alagoz S. 2007 - Fatty acid profiles and fat contents of commercially important seawater and freshwater fish species of Turkey: A comparative study - Food Chem. 103: 217-223.

  • Pirestani S., Sahari M.A., Barzegar M., Nikoopour H. 2010 - Lipid, cholesterol and fatty acid profile of some commercially important fish species from South Caspian Sea - J. Food Biochem. 34: 886-895.

  • Polak-Juszczak L. 2007 - Chemical characteristics of fishes new to the Polish market - Acta Sci. Pol. Piscaria 6: 23-32.

  • Suloma A., Ogata H.Y., Garibay E.S., Chavez D.R., El-Haroun E.R. 2008 - Fatty acid composition of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus muscles: a comparative study with commercially important tropical freshwater fish in Philippines - In: 8th International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture, Cairo, Egypt 12-14.10.2008, The Central Laboratory for Aquaculture Research, 921-932.

  • Ugoala Ch., Ndukwe G.I., Audu T.O. 2008 - Comparison of fatty acids of some freshwater and marine fishes - Int. J. Food Saf. 10: 9-17.

  • Visentainer J.V., D’Addio Noffs M., de Oliveira Carvalbo P., de Almeida V.V., de Oliveira C.C., de Souza N.E. 2007 - Lipid content and fatty acid composition of 15 marine fish species from the Southeast Coast of Brazil - J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 84: 543-547.  ̄egarska Z., Jaworski J., Borejszo Z. 1991 - Evaluation of the Peisker modified method for extracting metyl esters from fatty acids - Acta Acad. Agricult. Tech. Olst. 24: 25-33 (in Polish). 188

Berg H., Nilsson S. 1997 - Determination of fat content in meat and meat products with NMR and SFE - Proc.Euro-Food Chem IX, Interlaken Switzerland, September 24-26: 1: 59-64.

Bienkiewicz G., Domiszewski Z. 2008 - The content of long chain omega 3 unsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3-PUFA) in selected fish species - Mag. Przem. Rybn. 2: 45-46 (in Polish).

Bienkiewicz G., Domiszewski Z., Kuszynski T. 2008 - Freshwater fish as a source of essential unsaturated fatty acids NNKT - Mag. Przem. Rybn. 3: 58-59 (in Polish).

Christie W.W. 1973 - The isolation of lipids from tissues. Recommended Procedures. Chloroform-methanol (2:1, v/v) extraction and “Folch” wash - In: Lipid Analysis. Isolation, separation, identification and structural analysis of lipids (Ed.) W.W. Christie, Pergamon Press Oxford, New York - Toronto - Sydney - Braunschweig: 39-40.

Defilippis A.P., Blaha M.J., Jacobson T.A. 2010 - Omega-3 fatty acids for cardiovascular disease prevention - Curr.Treat. Options Cardiovasc. Med. 12: 365-380.

Diraman H., Dibeklioglu H. 2009 - Chemometric characterization and classification of selected freshwater and marine fishes from Turkey based on their fatty acid profiles - J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 86: 235-246.

Drobna Z., Zelenka E., Mrkvicova E., Kladroba D. 2006 - Influence of dietary linseed and sunflower oil on sensory characteristics of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) - Czech J. Anim. Sci. 51: 475-482.

Glogowski J., Ciereszko A. 2001 - Why we should increase fish consumption, especially that of rainbow trout - Mag. Przem. Rybn. 2: 95-102 (In Polish, with English abstract).

Gokce M.A., Taobozan O., Celik M., Tabakolu T.S. 2004 - Seasonal variations in proximate and fatty acid compositions of female common sole (Solea solea) - Food Chem. 88: 419-423.

Grela E.R., Dudek R. 2007 - Nutrients contents and fatty acid profile in muscle tissue of some marine and freshwater fish -  ̄yw. Cz3ow. Metab. 34(1/2): 561-565 (in Polish; with English abstract).

Halilolu H.I., Aras N.M., Yetim H. 2002 - Comparison of muscle fatty acids of three trout species (Salvelinus alpinus, Salmo trutta fario, Oncorhynchus mykiss) raised under the same conditions - Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 26: 1097-1102.

Ho B.T., Paul D.R. 2009 - Fatty acid profile of Tra Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) compared to Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Solar) and Asian Seabass (Lates calcarifer) - Inter. Food Res. J. 16: 501-506.

Holub D.J., Holub B.J. 2004 - Omega-3 fatty acids from fish oils and cardiovascular disease - Molec. Cell. Biochem. 263: 217-225. _mre S., Salik S. 1998 - Fatty acid composition and cholesterol content of some Turkish fish species - Turk. J. Chem. 22: 321-324.

Kalyoncu L., Yaman Y., Aktumsek A. 2010 - Determination of the seasonal changes on total fatty acid composition of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss in Ivriz Dam Lake, Turkey - Afr. J. Biotech. 9: 4783-4787.

Ko3akowska A., Szczygielski M., Bienkiewicz G., Zienkowicz L. 2000 - Some of fish species as a source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids - Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 30: 59-70.

Kris-Etherton P.M., Harris W.S., Appel L.J. 2002 - AHA Scientific Statement: Fish consumption, fish oil, omega-3 fatty acids, and cardiovascular disease - Circulation 106: 2747-2757.

Kwetegyeka J., Mpango G., Grahl-Nielsen O. 2008 - Variation in fatty acid composition in muscle and heart tissues among species and populations of tropical fish in Lakes Victoria and Kyoga - Lipids 43: 1017-1029.

Lecerf J.M. 2007 - Produits de la peche et acides gras omega 3. Interet en prevention cardio-vasculaire - Phytotherapie 5: 14-21.

Łuczynska J., Borejszo Z., Łuczynski M.J. 2008 - The composition of fatty acids in muscles of six freshwater fish Fatty acid profiles in marine and freshwater fish from fish markets in northeastern Poland 187 species from the Mazurian Great Lakes (northeastern Poland) - Arch. Pol. Fish. 2: 167-178.

Njinkoue J.M., Barnathan G., Miralles J., Gaydou E.M., Samb A. 2002 - Lipids and fatty acids in muscle, liver and skin of three edible fish from the Senegalese coast: Sardinella maderensis, Sardinella aurita and Cephalopholis taeniops - Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part B 131: 395-402.

Osibona A.O., Kusemiju K., Akanie G.R. 2009 - Fatty acid composition and amino acid profile of two freshwater species, African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) and tilapia (Tilapia zilli) - Afr. J. Food Agric. Nutr Develop. 9: 608-621.

Osibona A.O. 2011 - Comparative study of proximate composition, amino and fatty acids of some economically important fish species in Lagos, Nigeria - Afr. J. Food Sci. 5: 581-588.

Ozogul Y., Ozogul F., Alagoz S. 2007 - Fatty acid profiles and fat contents of commercially important seawater and freshwater fish species of Turkey: A comparative study - Food Chem. 103: 217-223.

Pirestani S., Sahari M.A., Barzegar M., Nikoopour H. 2010 - Lipid, cholesterol and fatty acid profile of some commercially important fish species from South Caspian Sea - J. Food Biochem. 34: 886-895.

Polak-Juszczak L. 2007 - Chemical characteristics of fishes new to the Polish market - Acta Sci. Pol. Piscaria 6: 23-32.

Suloma A., Ogata H.Y., Garibay E.S., Chavez D.R., El-Haroun E.R. 2008 - Fatty acid composition of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus muscles: a comparative study with commercially important tropical freshwater fish in Philippines - In: 8th International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture, Cairo, Egypt 12-14.10.2008, The Central Laboratory for Aquaculture Research, 921-932.

Ugoala Ch., Ndukwe G.I., Audu T.O. 2008 - Comparison of fatty acids of some freshwater and marine fishes - Int. J. Food Saf. 10: 9-17.

Visentainer J.V., D’Addio Noffs M., de Oliveira Carvalbo P., de Almeida V.V., de Oliveira C.C., de Souza N.E. 2007 - Lipid content and fatty acid composition of 15 marine fish species from the Southeast Coast of Brazil - J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 84: 543-547.  ̄egarska Z., Jaworski J., Borejszo Z. 1991 - Evaluation of the Peisker modified method for extracting metyl esters from fatty acids - Acta Acad. Agricult. Tech. Olst. 24: 25-33 (in Polish). 188

Archives of Polish Fisheries

The Journal of Stanislaw Sakowicz Inland Fisheries Institute

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.53

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.204
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.493

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 172 172 39
PDF Downloads 31 31 3