Visibility And Geometry Of Galileo Satellites Constellation During Initial Operation Capability

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Abstract

The European Space Agency (ESA) confirmed that it plans to declare an Initial Operational Capability (IOC) once a constellation of 18 satellites is achieved in 2014 and after few Soyuz and Ariane launches Full Operational Capability (FOC) once a constellation of 26 satellites next year or later. In the paper are presented the distribution of the number of satellites visible by the observer and the distribution of GDOP coefficient values both for different masking elevation angles (Hmin) at different observer’s latitudes for three constellations, with 18, 22 and 26 satellites, the distribution of satellite azimuths in open area and the percentage of satellites visible above given angle. Additionally for latitude of Poland (zone 50-60°) No Fix (in per cent) and the detailed distribution of GDOP values for six angles Hmin for all these constellations and the results of other calculations are showed. Finally the results concern the possibility of the positioning and its accuracy for different numbers of Galileo satellites at different observer’s latitudes

Keywords: GNSS; Galileo
References
  • [1] Benedicto J., Galileo Program Status, Satellite Navigation Summit, Munich 2011.

  • [2] Benedicto J., Status of Galileo Development, Satellite Navigation Summit, Munich 2012.

  • [3] Januszewski J., Visibility and Geometry of Galileo Constellations, Artificial Satellites, Journal of Planetary Geodesy, 2001, No. 4, Vol. 36, pp. 131-242.

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  • [5] Januszewski J., Combined Constellations GPS and Galileo Systems, Artificial Satellites, Journal of Planetary Geodesy, 2006, No. 2, Vol. 41, p. 67-77.

Annual of Navigation

The Journal of Polish Navigational Forum

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