The objective of this experiment was to test the effects of supplementation of defatted black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae (BSFL) meal in beagle dogs. A total of nine healthy female beagles (initial body weight 12.1 ± 1.76 kg) were fed grain-based diets with three levels of BSFL meal (0, 1% or 2%) in a 42-day feeding trial. At the end of week 6 of the experiment, all dogs were intraperitoneally challenged with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at 100 μg/kg of body weight. Albumin concentration was linearly increased with increasing BSFL meal level (P<0.05). A linear increase (P<0.05) in calcium concentration was observed when increasing dietary BSFL meal. Although dietary treatments did not affect the digestibility of ether extract, the digestibility of dry matter and crude protein were linearly increased with increasing the level of BSFL meal. The concentration of tumor necrosis factor-α was linearly decreased but glutathione peroxidase (GPx) concentration was linearly increased when increasing the level of BSFL meal at 6 h after challenge (P<0.05). In addition, there were quadratic increases in concentrations of GPx and superoxide dismutase with increasing dietary BSFL meal level at 3 h after challenge (P<0.05). These findings from the present study demonstrate that BSFL meal can be supplemented in the diet to convert beneficial effects to beagle dogs, indicated as improved digestibility of dry matter and crude protein and anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative capacity.
Falls das inline PDF nicht korrekt dargestellt ist, können Sie das PDF hier herunterladen.
AAFCO (2009). Dog and Cat Food Feeding Protocols. Official Publication, Oxford, IN.
AOAC (2007). Official method of analysis of AOAC International. 18th ed. AOAC International, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
Biancarosa I., Liland N.S., Biemans D., Araujo P., Bruckner C.G., Waagbø R. (2018). Uptake of heavy metals and arsenic in black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae grown on seaweed-enriched media. J. Sci. Food Agric., 98: 2176–2183.
Bosch G., Zhang S., Oonincx D.G., Hendriks W.H. (2014). Protein quality of insects as potential ingredients for dog and cat foods. J. Nutr. Sci., 3: e29.
Bosch G., Vervoort J.J.M., Hendirks W.H. (2016). In vitro digestibility and fermentability of selected insects for dog foods. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 221: 174–184.
Charlton A.J., Dickinson M., Wakefield M.E., Fitches E., Kenis M., Han R., Zhu F., Kone N., Grant M., Devic E., Bruggeman G., Prior R., Smith R. (2015). Exploring the chemical safety of fly larvae as a source of protein for animal feed. J. Insects Food Feed, 1: 7–16.
Cullere M., Tasoniero G., Giaccone V., Miotti-Scapin R., Claeys E., De Smet S., Dalle Zotte A. (2016). Black soldier fly as dietary protein source for broiler quails: apparent digestibility, excreta microbial load, feed choice, performance, carcass and meat traits. Animal, 10: 1923–1930.
Cutrignelli M.I., Messina M., Tulli F., Randazzo B., Olivotto I., Gasco L., Loponte R., Bovera F. (2018). Evaluation of an insect meal of the black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) as soybean substitute: intestinal morphometry, enzymatic and microbial activity in laying hens. Res Vet. Sci., 117: 209–215.
Dabbou S., Gai Ilaria F., Biasato I., Capucchio M.T., Biasibetti E., Dezzutto D., Meneguz M., Plachà I., Gasco L., Schiavone A. (2018). Black soldier fly defatted meal as a dietary protein source for broiler chickens: Effects on growth performance, blood traits, gut morphology and histological features. J. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol., 9: 49.
Józefiak D., Józefiak A., Kierończyk B., Rawski M., Świątkiewicz S., Długosz J., Engberg R.M. (2016). Insects – a natural nutrient source for poultry – a review. Ann. Anim. Sci., 16: 297–313.
Khan S., Khan R.U., Sultan A., Khan M., Hayat S.U., Shahid M.S. (2016). Evaluating the suitability of maggot meal as a partial substitute of soya bean on the productive traits, digestibility indices and organoleptic properties of broiler meat. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr., 100: 649–656.
Khoushab F., Yamabhai M. (2010). Chitin research revisited. Marine Drugs, 8: 1988–2012.
Kierończyk B., Rawski M., Pawełczyk P., Różyńska J., Golusik J., Józefiak D. (2018). Do insects smell attractive to dogs? A comparison of dog reactions to insects and commercial feed aromas – a preliminary study. Ann. Anim. Sci., 18: 795–800.
Kröger S., Heide C., Zentek J. (2017). Influence of proteins from the Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) on nutrient digestibility and faecal and immunological parameters in dogs. Proceedings 21st European Society of Veterinary and Comparative Nutrition Congress, Cirencester, UK, pp. 102.
Kruger L.P., Nedambale T.L., Scholtz M.M., Webb E.C. (2016). The effect of environmental factors and husbandry practices on stress in goats. Small Rumin. Res., 141: 1–4.
Lei X.J., Kim I.H. (2018). Low dose of coated zinc oxide is as effective as pharmacological zinc oxide in promoting growth performance, reducing fecal scores, and improving nutrient digestibility and intestinal morphology in weaned pigs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 245: 117–125.
Leriche I., Fournel S., Chala V. (2017). Assessment of the digestive tolerance in dogs of a new diet based on insects as the protein source. Proceedings 21st European Society of Veterinary and Comparative Nutrition Congress, Cirencester, UK, pp. 103.
Li S., Ji H., Zhang B., Tian J., Zhou J., Yu H. (2016). Influence of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae oil on growth performance, body composition, tissue fatty acid composition and lipid deposition in juvenile Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian). Aquaculture, 465: 43–52.
Liu J.B., Xue P.C., Cao S.C., Liu J., Chen L., Zhang H.F. (2018). Effects of dietary phosphorus concentration and body weight on postileal phosphorus digestion in pigs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 242: 86–94.
Longvah T., Mangthya K., Ramulu P. (2011). Nutrient composition and protein quality evaluation of eri silkworm (Samia ricinii) prepupae and pupae. Food Chem., 128: 400–403.
Marono S., Loponte R., Lombardi P., Vassalotti G, Pero M.E., Russo F., Gasco L., Parisi G., Piccolo G., Nizza S., Di Meo C., Attia Y.A., Bovera F. (2017). Productive performance and blood profiles of laying hens fed Hermetia illucens larvae meal as total replacement of soybean meal from 24 to 45 weeks of age. Poultry Sci., 96: 1783–1790.
Martínez-Sánchez A., Magaña C., Saloña M., Rojo S. (2011). First record of Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) on human corpses in Iberian Peninsula. Forensic Sci. Int., 206: e76–e78.
McCusker S., Buff P.R., Yu Z., Fascetti A.J. (2014). Amino acid content of selected plant, algae and insect species: a search for alternative protein sources for use in pet foods. J. Nutr. Sci. 3: e39.
Min B., Barry T., Attwood G., McNabb W. (2003). The effect of condensed tannins on the nutrition and health of ruminants fed fresh temperate forages: a review. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 106: 3–19.
Mwaniki Z., Neijat M., Kiarie E. (2018). Egg production and quality responses of adding up to 7.5% defatted black soldier fly larvae meal in a corn-soybean meal diet fed to shaver white leghorns from wk 19 to 27 of age. Poultry Sci., 97: 2829–2835.
Ngo D.H., Kim S.K. (2014). Antioxidant effects of chitin, chitosan and their derivatives. Adv. Food Nutr. Res., 73: 15–31.
Nguyen T.T.X., Tomberlin J.K., Vanlaerhoven S. (2015). Ability of black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) larvae to recycle food waste. Environ. Entomol., 44: 406–410.
Renna M., Schiavone A., Gai F., Dabbou S., Lussiana C., Malfatto V., Prearo M., Capucchio M.T., Biasato I., Biasibetti E., De Marco M., Brugiapaglia A., Zoccarato I., Gasco L. (2017). Evaluation of the suitability of a partially defatted black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens L.) larvae meal as ingredient for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) diets. J. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol., 8: 57.
Schiavone A., Cullere M., Marco M.D., Meneguz M., Biasato I., Bergagna S., Dezzutto D., Gai F., Dabbou S., Gasco L., Zotte A.D. (2017). Partial or total replacement of soybean oil by black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucens L.) fat in broiler diets: effect on growth performances, feed-choice, blood traits, carcass characteristics and meat quality. Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 16: 93–100.
Secci G., Bovera F., Nizza S., Baronti N. (2018). Quality of eggs from Lohmann Brown classic laying hens fed black soldier fly meal as substitute for soya bean. Animal, 8: 1–7.
Spranghers T., Michiels J., Vrancx J., Ovyn A., Eeckhout M., De Clercq P., De Smet S. (2018). Gut antimicrobial effects and nutritional value of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens L.) prepupae for weaned piglets. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 235: 33–42.
St-Hilaire S., Sheppard C., Tomberlin J.K., Irving S., Newton L., McGuire M.A., Mosley E.E., Hardy R.W., Sealey W. (2007). Fly prepupae as a feed stuff for rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. J. World Aquacult. Soc., 38: 59–67.
Štukelj M., Toplak I., Svete A.N. (2013). Blood antioxidant enzymes (SOD, GPX), biochemical and haematological parameters in pigs naturally infected with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus. Pol. J. Vet. Sci., 16: 369–376.
Veldkamp T., Bosch G. (2015). Insects: a protein-rich feed ingredient in pig and poultry diets. Anim. Front., 5: 45–50.
Veldkamp T., Van Duinkerken G., van Huis A., Lakemond C.M.M., Ottevanger E., Bosch G., van Boekel T. (2012). Insects as a sustainable feed ingredient in pig and poultry diets – a feasibility study. Report 638. Wageningen UR Livestock Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Waititu S.M., Yin F., Patterson R., Rodriguez-Lecompte J.C., Nyachoti C.M. (2016). Short-term effect of supplemental yeast extract without or with feed enzymes on growth performance, immune status and gut structure of weaned pigs challenged with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide. J. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol., 7: 64.
Xu X., Chen S., Wang H., Tu Z., Wang S., Zhu H., Wang C., Zhu J., Liu Y. (2018 a). Medium-chain TAG improve intestinal integrity by suppressing toll-like receptor 4, nucleotide-binding oligomerisation domain proteins and necroptosis signalling in weanling piglets challenged with lipopolysaccharide. Br. J. Nutr., 119: 1019–1028.
Xu X., Wang X., Wu H., Zhu H., Liu C., Hou Y., Dai B., Liu X., Liu Y. (2018 b). Glycine relieves intestinal injury by maintaining mTOR signaling and suppressing AMPK, TLR4, and NOD signaling in weaned piglets after lipopolysaccharide challenge. Int. J. Mol. Sci., 17: 1980.
Yu H.T., Ding X.L., Li N., Zhang X.Y., Zeng X.F., Wang S., Liu H.B., Wang Y.M., Jia H.M., Qiao S.Y. (2017). Dietary supplemented antimicrobial peptide microcin J25 improves the growth performance, apparent total tract digestibility, fecal microbiota, and intestinal barrier function of weaned pigs. J. Anim. Sci., 95: 5064–5076.