11. Effect of Heat Stress on Metabolic Disorders Prevalence Risk and Milk Production in Holstein Cows in Croatia

Open access

Abstract

The objectives were to evaluate the effect of heat stress on daily milk traits (yield, fat and protein content, F/P ratio) as well as to determine the differences in metabolic disorders (acidosis, ketosis) prevalence risk regarding the heat stress conditions. For statistical analysis 1,187,781 test-day records of milk, fat, and protein from 89,030 Holsteins reared on 6,388 farms provided by the Croatian Agricultural Agency, were used. Based on the results it could be concluded that heat stress condition causes decline of daily milk yield and components as well as increase of acidosis risk regardless of the lactation stage and increase of ketosis risk during mid-lactation. The research results point out that the test-day records and environmental measurements collected in regular milk recording could be used as a tool for dairy herd monitoring enabling the early detection of unfavourable environmental conditions and the subclinical disorders. Since environmental conditions significantly affect daily milk yield and components, and consequently F/P ratio, further research with the purpose of detailed formulation of metabolic disease risk in relation to the environmental conditions is needed.

Andersson L. (1988). Subclinical ketosis in dairy cows. Vet. Clin. North. Am. Food Anim. Pract., 4: 233-251.

Beening J. (1993). Detection of suboptimal feeding of cows using milk constituents, Inaugural-Dissertation, Hannover, Germany.

Bernabucci U., Lacetera N., Baumgard L.H., Rhoads R.P., Ronchi B., Nardo- ne A. (2010). Metabolic and hormonal acclimation to heat stress in domestic ruminants. Animal, 4: 1167-1183.

Bouraoui R., Lahmar M., Majdoub A., Djemali M., Belyea R. (2002). The relationship of temperature humidity-index with milk production of dairy cows ina Mediterranean climate. Anim. Res., 51: 479-491.

Bramley E., Lean I.J., Costa N.D., Fulkerson W.J. (2005). Acidosis in pasture fed dairy cows: risk factors and outcomes. J. Dairy Sci., 88: 95.

Collier R.J., Hall L.W. (2012). Quantifying heat stress and its impact on metabolism and performance. Department of Animal Sciences, University of Arizona.

Collier R.J., Dahl G.E., Van Baale M.J. (2006). Major advances associated with environmental effects on dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci., 89: 1244-1253.

Correa-Calderon A., Armstrong D., Ray D., De Nise S., Enns M., Howison C. (2004). Thermoregulatory responses of Holstein and Brown Swiss heat-stressed dairy cows to two different cooling systems. Int. J. Biometeorol., 48: 142-148.

De Lorenzo M.A., Wiggans G.R. (1986). Factors for estimating daily yield of milk, fat, and protein fromasingle milking for herds milked twiceaday. J. Dairy Sci., 69: 2386-2394.

Dirksen G., Liebich H., Mayer H. (1985). Adaptive changes of the ruminal mucosa and functional and clinical significance. Bovine Practice, 20: 116-120.

Dohoo I.R., Martin S.W. (1984). Disease, production and culling in Holstein-Friesian cows. III. Disease and production as determinants of disease. Prev. Vet. Med., 2: 671.

Duffield T.F. (2004). Monitoring strategies for metabolic disease in transition dairy cows. Proc. 23rd World Buiatrics Congress, 11-16.07.2004, Québec, Canada.

Duffield T.F., Kelton D.F., Leslie K.E., Lissemore K., Lumsden J.H. (1997). Use of test day milk fat and milk protein to predict subclinical ketosis in Ontario dairy cattle. Can. Vet. J., 38: 713-718.

Du Preez J.H., Giesecke W.H., Hattingh P.J. (1990 a). Heat stress in dairy cattle and other livestock under Southern African conditions. I. Temperature-humidity index mean values during the four main seasons. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res., 57: 77-86.

Du Preez J.H., Hatting P.J., Giesecke W.H., Eisenberg B.E. (1990 b). Heat stress in dairycattle and other livestock under Southern African conditions. III. Monthly temperature-humidity index mean values and their significance in the performance of dairy cattle. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res., 57: 243-248.

Eicher R. (2004). Evaluation of the metabolic and nutritional situation in dairy herds: Diagnostic use of milk components. Proc. 23rd World Buiatrics Congress, 11-16.07.2004, Québec, Canada.

Enemark J.M.D. (2008). The monitoring, prevention and treatment of subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) -areview. Vet. J., 176: 32-34.

Gantner V., Potočnik K., Jovanovac S. (2009). Test-day records asatool for subclinical ketosis detection. Acta Vet. (Beograd), 59: 185-191.

Gantner V., Mijić P., Kuterovac K., Solić D., Gantner R. (2011). Temperature-humidity index values and their significance on the daily production of dairy cattle. Mljekarstvo, 61: 56-63.

Gillund P., Reksen O., Gröhn Y.T., Karlberg K. (2001). Body condition related to ketosis and reproductive performance in Norwegian dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 84: 1390-1396.

Gravert H.O. (1991). Indicators for assessment of energy balance in high-yielding cows, Monatsh. Veterinarmed., 46: 536-537.

Haas D., Hofírek B. (2004). The diagnostic importance of milk components forahuman and cows’ health, CUA Prague, Proceedings of contributions: Milk day, pp. 26-29.

Hill D.L., Wall E. (2015). Dairy cattle inatemperate climate: the effects of weather on milk yield and composition depend on management. Animal, 9: 138-149.

ICAR - International Committee for Animal Recording (2003). Guidelines approved by the General Assembly held in Interlaken, Switzerland, 30.05.2002, Roma, pp. 19-39.

Kadzere C.T., Murphy M.R., Silanikove N., Maltz E. (2002). Heat stress in lactating dairy cows: Areview. Livest. Prod. Sci., 77: 59-91.

Kibler H.H. (1964). Environmental physiology and shelter engineering. LXVII. Thermal effects of various temperature-humidity combinations on Holstein cattle as measured by eight physiological responses, Res. Bull. Missouri Agric. Exp. Station, 862.

Knapp D.M., Grummer R.R. (1991). Response of lactating dairy cows to fat supplementation during heat stress. J. Dairy Sci., 74: 2573-2579.

Lambertz C., Sanker C., Gauly M. (2013). Climatic effects on milk production traits and somatic cell score in lactating Holstein-Friesian cows in different housing systems. J. Dairy Sci., 97: 319-329.

Nickerson S.C. (1987). Mastitis management under hot, humid conditions. Proc. Dairy Herd Management Conference, 9-11.02.1987, Macon, GA, pp. 32-38.

Oetzel G.R. (2005). Applied aspects of ruminal acidosis induction and prevention, J. Dairy Sci., 88: 643.

O’Grady L., Doherty M.L., Mulligan F.J. (2008). Subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) in grazing dairy cows. Vet. J., 176: 44-49.

Østergaard S., Gröhn Y.T. (1999). Effects of diseases on test day milk yield and body weight of dairy cows from Danish research herds. J. Dairy Sci., 82: 1188-1201.

Rajala-Schultz P.J., Gröhn Y.T. (1999). Culling of dairy cows. Part 1. Effects of diseases on culling in Finnish Ayrshire cows, Prev. Vet. Med., 41: 195-208.

Rajala-Schultz P.J., Gröhn Y.T., Mc Culloch C.E. (1999). Effects of milk fever, ketosis, and lameness on milk yield in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 82: 288-294.

Ravagnolo O., Misztal I., Hoogenboom G. (2000). Genetic component of heat stress in dairy cattle, development of heat index function. J. Dairy Sci., 83: 2120-2125.

Richardt W. (2004). Milk composition as an indicator of nutrition and health, Breeding, 11: 26-27.

Rodriguez L.W., Mekonnen G., Wilcox C.J., Martin F.G., Krienk W.A. (1985). Effects of relative humidity, maximum and minimum temperature, pregnancy and stage of lactation on milk composition and yield. J. Dairy Sci., 68: 973-978.

Roenfeldt S. (1998). You can’t afford to ignore heat stress. Dairy Manage, 35: 6-12.

Romaniuk W., Overby T. (2005). Aguide to cattle housing systems (in Polish). IBMER, Warsaw.

Sanker C., Lambertz C., Gauly M. (2013). Climatic effects in Central Europe on the frequency of medical treatments of dairy cows. Animal, 7: 316-321.

Shaw J.C. (1956). Ketosis in dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci., 39: 402-434.

St-Pierre N.R., Cobanov B., Schnitkey G. (2003). Economic losses from heat stress by US livestock industries. J. Dairy Sci., 86: 52-77.

Tapki I., Sahin A. (2006). Comparison of the thermoregulatory behaviours of low and high producing dairy cows inahot environment. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 99: 1-11.

Toni F., Vincenti L., Grigoletto L., Ricci A., Schukken Y.H. (2011). Early lactation ratio of fat and protein percentage in milk is associated with health, milk production, and survival. J. Dairy Sci., 94: 1772-1783.

Vermunt J.J., Tranter B.P. (2011). Heat stress in dairy cattle -areview, and some of the potential risks associated with the nutritional management of this condition. Proc. Annual Conference of the Australian Veterinary Association - Queensland Division, 25-27.03.2011, Townsville, QLD, Australia, pp. 212-221.

Vitali A., Sagnalini M., Bertocchi L., Bernabucci U., Nardone A., Lacetera N. (2009). Seasonal pattern of mortality and relationships between mortality and temperature humidity index in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 92: 3781-3790.

West J.W. (2003). Effects of heat-stress on production in dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci., 86: 2131-2144.

West J.W., Hill G.M., Fernandez J.M., Mandebvu P., Mullinix B.G. (1999). Effect of dietary fiber on intake, milk yield, and digestion by lactating dairy cows during cool or hot, humid weather. J. Dairy Sci., 82: 2455-2465.

Annals of Animal Science

The Journal of National Research Institute of Animal Production

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.018
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.959



CiteScore 2017: 1.01

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.413
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.822

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 198 198 38
PDF Downloads 80 80 18