Effect of Broiler Breeders’ Age on Eggshell Temperature, Embryo Viability and Hatchability Parameters

Sebastian Nowaczewski 1 , Mateusz Babuszkiewicz 2  and Sebastian Kaczmarek 3 , 4
  • 1 Department of Animal Breeding and Product Quality Assessment, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Słoneczna 1, Złotniki, 62-002 Suchy Las, Poland
  • 2 DanHatch Poland S.A., Stary Widzim 254, 64-200 Wolsztyn, Poland 3Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Management, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wołyńska 33, 60-637 Poznań, Poland
  • 3 DanHatch Poland S.A., Stary Widzim 254, 64-200 Wolsztyn, Poland
  • 4 Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Management, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wołyńska 33, 60-637 Poznań, Poland

Abstract

The aim of the study was to analyze eggshell temperature, embryo viability, and hatchability parameters of broiler breeders at different ages (26-30, 31-35, 36-40, 41-45, and 46-64 weeks). A total of 33,150 eggs from Ross 308 broiler breeders collected from commercial flocks were used to analyze the following: egg weight and egg weight loss during 18 days of incubation; eggshell temperature controlled on days 3, 14, and 18 of incubation; number of infertile eggs including eggs with dead embryos at early stages of development, that is, in the oviduct or after oviposition; the total percentage of embryonic mortality and the percentage of embryonic mortality at different times of incubation; unhatched, dead after hatching, and culled chicks as well as hatchability percentage from fertilized eggs. The hatchability results of Ross 308 broiler breeders were high from the beginning of reproductive season till the 40th week. However, the study failed to reveal any relationships between hatchability and the egg weight, average temperature of the shell, and egg weight loss during incubation period. The oldest hens, over 45 weeks of age, had the highest mortality of chicks and the greatest share of unhatched chicks.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Abudabos A. (2010). The effect of broiler breeder strain and parent flock age on hatchability and fertile hatchability. Int. J. Poultry Sci., 9: 231-235.

  • Adamski M. (2008). Relationships between the morphological composition of eggs and the hatchability of chicks of selected bird species (in Polish). Rozprawa 130. Wydawnictwa Uczelniane Uniwersytetu Technologiczno-Przyrodniczego, Bydgoszcz, pp. 1-103.

  • Al-Bashan M.M., Al-Harbi M.S. (2010). Effects of ambient temperature, flock age and breeding stock on egg production and hatchability of broiler hatching eggs. Eur. J. Biol. Sci., 2: 55-66.

  • Alsobayel A.A., Albadry M.A. (2012). Effect of age and sex ratio on fertility and hatchability of Baladi and Leghorn laying hens. J. Anim. Plant Sci., 22: 15-19.

  • Alsobayel A.A., Almarshade M.A., Albadry M.A. (2013). Effect of breed, age and storage period on egg weight, egg weight loss and chick weight of commercial broiler breeders raised in Saudi Arabia. J. Saudi Soc. Agric. Sci., 12: 53-57.

  • Aviagen(2009). Ross 308 parent stock nutrition specifications. Aviagen Ltd, Newbridge, UK, pp. 1-8. Available at http://en.aviagen.com

  • Aviagen(2011). Ross 308 parent stock performance objectives. Aviagen Ltd, Newbridge, UK, pp. 1-12. Available at http://en.aviagen.com

  • Bennett D. (1992). The influence of shell thickness on hatchability in commercial broiler breeder flocks. J. Appl. Poultry Res., 1: 61-65.

  • Boerjan A. (2012). Optimum egg weight loss profiling during incubation. http://www.pasreform.com/academy/frequently-asked-questions/incubation/149-optimal-weight-loss-profile-duringincubation.html

  • Christensen V.L. (1983). Distribution of pores on hatching and nonhatching turkey eggs. Poultry Sci., 62: 1312-1316.

  • Elibol O., Brake J. (2006). Effect of flock age, cessation of egg turning, and turning frequency through the second week of incubation on hatchability of broiler hatching eggs. Poultry Sci., 85: 1498-1501.

  • Elibol O., Brake J. (2008). Effect of egg weight and position relative to incubator fan on broiler hatchability and chick quality. Poultry Sci., 87: 1913-1918.

  • El Sabry M.I., Yalçın S., Turgay - İzzetoğlu G. (2013). Interaction between breeder age and hatching time affects intestine development and broiler performance. Livest. Sci., 157: 612-617.

  • Farmer M., Roland D.A.Sr., Clark A.J. (1986). Influence of time of calcium intake on bone and dietary calcium utilization. Poultry Sci., 65: 555-558.

  • Gualhanone A., Furlan R.L., Fernandez- Alarcon M.F., Macari M. (2012). Effect of breeder age on eggshell thickness, surface temperature, hatchability and chick weigh. Braz. J. Poultry Sci., 14: 9-14.

  • Hristakieva P., Mincheva N., Oblakova M., Lalev M., Ivanova I. (2014). Effect of genotype on production traits in broiler chickens. Slovak J. Anim. Sci., 47: 19-24.

  • Hulet R., Gladys G., Hill D., Meijerhof R., El-Shiekh T. (2007). Influence of egg shell embryonic incubation temperature and broiler breeder flock age on posthatch growth performance and carcass characteristics. Poultry Sci., 86: 408-412.

  • Islam S.S., Hossain M.B., Khan M.K.A. (2008). Effect of genotype, age and season on hatchability of egg. Bang. J. Anim. Sci., 37: 17-22.

  • Joseph N.S., Lourens S., Moran E.T. (2006). The effects of sub-optimal eggshell temperatureduring incubation on broiler chick quality, live performance and further processing yield. Poultry Sci., 85: 932-938.

  • Lapao C., Gama L.T., Chaveiro Soares M. (1999). Effects of broiler breeder age and length of egg storage on albumen characteristics and hatchability. Poultry Sci., 78: 640-645.

  • Lourens A., Molenaar R., Van Den Brand H., Heetkamp M.J.W., Meijerhof R., Kemp B. (2006). Effect of egg size on heat production and the transition of energy from egg to hatchling. Poultry Sci., 85: 770-776.

  • Lourens S. (2008). Embryo temperature during incubation: practice and theory. Ph Dthesis, Wageningen University, The Netherlands, 131 pp.

  • Nowaczewski S., Witkiewicz K., Kontecka H., Krystianiak S., Rosiński A. (2010). Eggs weight of Japanese quail vs. eggs quality after storage time and hatchability results. Arch. Tierzucht, 53: 720-731.

  • Othman R.A., Amin M.R., Rahman S. (2014). Effect of egg size, age of hen and storage period on fertility, hatchability, embryo mortality and chick malformations in eggs of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). IOSR J. Agricult. Vet. Sci., 7: 101-106.

  • Pirsaraei Z.A., Saki A.A., Kazemi Fard M., Saleh H. (2011). Effect of dietary tallow level on broiler breeder performance and hatching egg characteristics. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 10: 1287-1291.

  • Tarasewicz Z, Aniśko M. (2015). The effect of dried fruit-vegetable-herb concentrate applied in compound feed-stuffs on reproductive performance of broiler. Vet. Med. Zoot., 69: 79-84.

  • Tona K., Bamelis F., Coucke W., Bruggeman V., Decupeyere E. (2001). Relationship between broiler’s breeder age and egg weight loss and embryonic mortality during incubation in large-scale conditions. Poultry Sci., 10: 221-227.

  • Tona K., Onagbesan O., De Ketelaere B., Decuypere E., Bruggeman V. (2004). Effects of age of broiler breeders and egg storage on egg quality, hatchability, chick quality, chick weight, and chick posthatch growth to forty-two days. J. Appl. Poultry Res., 13: 10-18.

  • Van Brecht A., Hens H., Lemaire J.L., Aerts J.M., Degraeve P., Berckmans D. (2005). Quantification of the heat exchange of chicken eggs. Poultry Sci., 84: 353-361.

  • Yilmaz A.A., Bozkurt Z. (2009). Effects of hen age, storage period and stretch film packaging on internal and external quality traits of table eggs. Lucrări ştiinţifice Zootehnie şi Biotehnologii, 42: 462-469.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search