Effect of Water Supplementation with Herbal Extracts on Broiler Chicken Welfare / Wpływ Dodatku Do Wody Ekstraktów Ziołowych Na Dobrostan Kurcząt Brojlerów

Open access


This study investigated the effect of adding extracts from selected herbs to water on alleviation of broiler stress associated with intensive production, and thus on improvement of welfare. In experimental groups (II, III and IV), alcoholic extracts from chamomile inflorescence (Matricaria

chamomilla L.), lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) or from St John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum L.), respectively, were added to water drinkers (2 ml ∙ l-1 water) from 21 to 35 days of rearing for 5 h/day. Throughout the experiment, body weight, feed and water intake and number of dead birds were recorded once a week. At 21, 28, 35 and 42 days of rearing, blood was collected from 7 birds in each group to determine the levels of corticosterone, cholesterol, glucose, and the immunoglobulin complex. The response of birds to the herbal additives was positive. The herb extracts contributed to a decrease in cholesterol level and an increase in the level of the immunoglobulin complex in the blood. Supplementation of water with chamomile and St John’s wort extracts contributed to an increase in body weight, while the extracts from lemon balm and St John’s wort also had a positive effect on broiler survival. The results obtained indicate that out of the three herbs chosen for the experiment, St John’s wort extract proved the most efficient in relieving the body’s physiological response to stress, and thus in improving welfare.

Bampidis V.A., Christodolou V., Florou - Paneri P., Christaki E., Chatzopou- lou P.S., Tsiligianni T., Spais A.B. (2005). Effect of dietary oregano leaves on growth performance, carcase characteristics and serum cholesterol of female early maturing turkeys. Br. Poultry Sci., 16, 5: 595-601.

Bessei W. (2005). Welfare of meat producing poultry - an overview. Anim. Sci. Pap. Rep, 23, Suppl. 1: 205-216.

Bölükbaşı Ş.C., Erhan M.K., Kaynar Ő. (2007). Effect of dietary thyme oil on laying hens performance, cholesterol ratio of egg yolk and Escherichia coli concentration in feces. 3rd Joint Meeting of the Network of Universities and Research Institutions of Animal Science of the South Eastern European Countries, Thessaloniki 10-12.02.2007.

Bölükbaşı Ş.C., Erhan M.K., Kaynar Ő. (2008). The effect of feeding thyme, sage and rosemary oil on laying hen performance, cholesterol and some proteins ratio of egg yolk and Escherichia coli count in feces. Arch. Geflügelk., 72 (5): 231-237.

Brzóska F., Śliwiński B., Michalik - Rutkowska O. (2010). Effect of herb mixture on productivity, mortality, carcass quality and blood parameters of broiler chickens. Ann. Anim. Sci., 10: 157-165.

Buijs S., Keeling L., Rettenbacher S., Van Poucke E., Tuyttens F.A.M. (2009). Stocking density effects on broiler welfare: identifying sensitive ranges for different indicators. Poultry Sci., 88: 1536-1543.

Campo J.L., Gil M.G., Davila S.G. (2005). Effect of intermingling chicks and bird density on fear and stress responses in chickens. Arch. Geflügelk, 69 (5): 199-205.

Dorhoi A., Dobrean V., Zahan M., Virag P. (2006). Modulatory effects of several herbal extracts on avian peripheral blood cell immune responses. Phytotherapy Research, 20: 352-358.

El - Bagir N.M., Hama A.Y., Hamed R.M., El Rahim A.G.A., Beynen A.C. (2006). Lipid composition of egg yolk and serum in laying hens fed diets containing black cumin (Nigella sativa). Int. J. Poultry Sci., 5: 574-578.

Hertrampf J.W. (2001). Alternative antibacterial performance parameters. Poultry International, 40: 50-52.

Hippenstiel F., Abdel- Wareth A.A.A., Kehraus S., Südekum K-H. (2011). Effect of selected herbs and essential oils, and their active components on feed intake and performance of broilers -areview. Arch. Geflügelk., 75, 4: 226-234.

Khalaji S., Zaghari M., Hatami K.H., Hedari - Dastjerdi S., Lotfi L., Nazarian H. (2011). Black cumin seeds, Artemisia leaves (Artemisia sieberi), and Camellia L. plant extract as phytogenic products in broiler diets and their effects on performance, blood constituents, immunity and cecal microbial population. Poultry Sci., 90: 2500-2510.

Kwiecień M., Winiarska- Mieczan A., Kapica M. (2006). The influence of some herbs on chemical composition, lipid metabolism indices, ALATand ASATactivity in broiler chickens liver. Pol. J. Nat. Sci., Suppl., 3: 439-444.

Lee K.W., Everts H., Kappert H.J., Frehner M., Losa R., Beynen A.C. (2003 a). Effect of dietary essential oil components on growth performance, digestive enzymes and lipid metabolism in female broiler chickens. Br. Poultry Sci., 44: 450-457.

Lee K.W., Everts H., Kappert H.J., Yeom K.H., Beynen A.C. (2003 b). Dietary carvacrol lowers body weight gain but improves feed conversion in female broiler chickens. J. Appl. Poultry Res., 12: 394-399.

Majewska T., Mikulski D., Święcicka- Grabowska G., Wójcik R. (2007). Water extracts of fresh garlic in the nutrition of young slaughter turkeys (in Polish). Med. Weter., 63 (11): 1357-1360.

Mohammed A.A., Abbas R.J. (2009). The effect of using fennel seeds (Foeniculum vulgare L.) on productive performance of broiler chickens. Int. J. Poultry Sci., 8: 642-644.

Nasir Z., Grashorn M. A. (2010). Effects of intermittent application of different Echinacea purpurea juices on broiler performance and some blood parameters. Arch. Geflügelk., 74 (1): 36-42.

Puvadolpirod S., Thaxton J.P. (2000). Model of physiological stress in chickens. 2. Dosimetry of adrenocorticotropin. Poultry Sci., 79: 370-376.

Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development of 15 February 2010 on the requirements and procedure for rearing the farm animal species for which the protection standards have been defined in the European Union legislation (Polish Journal of Laws, 2010, no 56, item 344 with later amendments).

Rorth- Maier D.A., Böhmer B.M., Maass N., Damme K., Paulicks B.R. (2005). Efficiency of Echinacea purpurea on performance of broilers and layers. Arch. Geflügelk., 69, 3: 123-127.

Sarica S., Ciftci A., Demir E., Kilinc K., Yildirim Y. (2005). Use of an antibiotic growth promoter and two herbal natural feed additives with and without exogenous enzymes in wheat based broiler diets. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 35: 61-72.

Schleicher A., Fritz Z., Kinal S. (1996). The influence of herbs and garlic supplements to feed mixtures on the productive and post-slaughter performance of broiler chickens. Zesz. Nauk. AR Wrocław Zootech., 41: 181-189.

Schleicher A., Fritz Z., Kinal S. (1998). The use some herbs in concentrates for broiler chickens (in Polish). Rocz. Nauk. Zoot., 25, 3: 213-224.

Skomorucha I., Sosnówka - Czajka E., Herbut E. (2004). Effect of stocking density on production effects and welfare of broiler chickens. Ann. Anim. Sci., Suppl., 1: 129-131.

Skomorucha I., Sosnówka - Czajka E., Herbut E., Muchacka R. (2007). Effect of management system on the productivity and welfare of broiler chickens from different commercial lines. Ann. Anim. Sci., 7: 141-151.

Sokołowicz Z., Herbut E., Krawczyk J. (2009). Poultry production and strategy for sustainable development of rural areas. Ann. Anim. Sci., 9: 107-117.

Sosnówka - Czajka E., Herbut E., Skomorucha I. (2003). Rearing performance and production profitability of two commercial lines of broiler chicken depending on stocking density (in Polish). Rocz. Nauk. Zoot., Supl., 17: 557-560.

Ślebodziński A., Brzezińska - Ślebodzińska E., Lipczak W., Rosa E. (1982). Asimple clinical test to determine serum gamma globulins and total protein in newborn farm animals (in Polish). Med. Weter., 8-9: 442-446.

Toghyani M., Tohidi M., Gheisari A.A., Tabeidian S.A. (2010). Performance, immunity, serum biochemical and hematological parameters in broiler chicks fed dietary thyme as alternative for an antibiotic growth promoter. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 9: 6819-6825.

Wallace R.J., Oleszek W., Franz C., Hahn I., Baser K.H.C., Mathe A., Teich- mann K. (2010). Dietary plant bioactives for poultry health and productivity. Brit. Poultry Sci., 51, 4: 461-187.

Annals of Animal Science

The Journal of National Research Institute of Animal Production

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.018
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.959

CiteScore 2017: 1.01

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.413
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.822


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 137 137 28
PDF Downloads 93 93 36