Optimization of rearing dairy breed calves according to organic principles / Optymalizacja odchowu cieląt ras mlecznych według wymogów ekologicznych

Open access

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the degree to which different whole milk feeding systems according to ecological standards affect the results of rearing, some blood biochemical and haematological parameters, and health status of Polish Holstein-Friesian calves. The experiment was conducted from birth to 150 days of age with 32 calves (16 heifer and 16 bull calves), assigned to four analogous groups (8 animals: 4 ♀ and 4 ♂ per group). In group I, calves suckled colostrum (ad

libitum) and mother’s milk from 5 to 90 days of age (twice daily for 30 minutes); in group II, they suckled colostrum (ad libitum), mother’s milk from 5 to 42 days of age (twice daily for 30 minutes), and received milk from nipple buckets (6 l twice daily) from 43 to 90 days of age; in groups III and IV calves received from nipple buckets a limited amount of colostrum (4.5-6 l/day) and milk (on average 5.82 and 4.82 l/day, respectively). Feeding limited whole milk from nipple buckets to the calves did not cause significant differences in haematological blood indices, serum concentrations of glucose and IgG, and health status of calves compared to those suckling their mothers. Calves which remained with their mothers during colostrum feeding were characterized by a significantly lower concentration of serum cortisol at 2 days of age compared to calves that received colostrum from nipple buckets. Compared to the calves suckling their mothers (group I), the use of economical milk feeding system (III and IV groups) reduced rearing costs and increased the amount of milk intended for sale by 700-760 l/cow.

AOAC (2005). Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Official methods of analysis, 18th Ed., Arlington VA, USA.

Barlett K.S., Mc Keith F.K., Vabde Har M.J., Dahl G.H., Drackley J.K. (2006). Growth and body composition of dairy calves fed milk replacer containing different amounts of protein at two feeding rates. J. Anim. Sci., 84: 1454-1467.

Bar-Pelled U., Maltz E., Bruckental I., Folman Y., Kali Y., Gacitua H., Lehrer R. (1995). Relationship between frequent milking or suckling in early lactation and milk production of high producing dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 78: 2727-2736.

Bilik K. (1999). Effect of different feeding levels of Black-and-White heifer calves during reading on growth and subsequent milk performance (in Polish). Rocz. Nauk. Zoot. Rozpr. hab. IZ, Kraków, 12, 84 pp.

Bilik K., Łopuszańska-Rusek M. (2008). Rearing systems of the dairy breed calves on organic farms (in Polish). Post. Nauk Rol., 6: 97-108.

Budzyńska M., Weary D.M. (2008). Weaning distress in dairy calves: Effects of alternative weaning procedures. App. Anim. Beh. Sci., 112: 33-39.

Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products.

Dz. U. 2009 nr 116, poz. 975, Ustawa z dnia 25 czerwca 2009 o rolnictwie ekologicznym, uwzględniająca przepisy UE w sprawie produkcji ekologicznej i znakowania produktów ekologicznych, Rozp. Rady (WE) nr 834/2007 z dnia 28 czerwca 2007.

Foldager J., Krohn C.C., Mogenson L. (1997). Level of milk for female calves affects their milk production in first lactation. 48th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production. Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences Research Centre Foulum, P.O Box 50, DK -8830, Tjele, Denmark, 5 pp.

Fröberg S., Gratte E., Svennersten-Sjaunja K., Olsson I., Berg C., Orihuela A., Galina C.S., Garcia B., Lidfors L. (2008). Effect of suckling (restricted suckling) on dairy cows udder health and milk let-down and their calves weight gain, feed intake and behavior. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 113: 1-14.

Gratte E. (2004). Effects of restricted suckling on abnormal behaviour, feed intake and weight gain in dairy calves, and udder health and milk let-down in dairy cows. SLU, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Department of Animal Environment and Health Section of Ethology, Section of Ethology, Student report 26 (Summary) p. 1.

Hoffman P.C. (1997). Optimum body size of Holstein replacement heifers. J. Anim. Sci., 75: 836-845.

Khan M.A., Lee H.J., Lee W.S., Kim H.S., Hur T.Y., Suh G.H., Kang S.J., Choi Y.J. (2007).

Structural growth, rumen development, and metabolic and immune response of Holstein male calves fed milk through step-down and conventional methods. J. Dairy Sci., 87: 3376-3387.

Kowalski Z. M. (2005). Calves with assessment (in Polish). Hoduj z głową, 4: 22-24.

Kristensen T., Struck Pedersen S. (2001). Organic dairy cow feeding with emphasis on Danish conditions. In: Breeding and feeding for animal health and welfare in organic livestock systems.

M. Hovi, T. Baars (eds). Proc. Fourth NAHWOA Workshop, Wageningen, 24-27.03.2001, pp. 134-140.

Kuleta Z. (1993). Values of hematological and biochemical parameters of health and disease status in animal (in Polish). ART Olsztyn, pp. 6-29.

Langhout J., Wagenaar J.P. (2007). Suckling as an alternative rearing system for replacement calves on dairy farms. Proc. 2nd SAFO Workshop, Witzenhausen, Germany, pp. 49-54.

Lidfors L., Loberg J., Jung J., Svennersten-Sjaunja K., Berg C. (2002). Sustainable dairy calf management: allowing the calves to suckle. Proc. International Conference on Responding to the Increasing Global Demand for Animal Products, UADY, Mexico, 12-15.11.2002, Brit. Soc. Anim. Sci., pp. 87-97.

Moallen U., Werner D., Lehrer H., Katy M., Livshity L., Bruckental I., Shamaz A. (2006). Effect of feeding ad-lib fresh milk or milk replacer during nursing and added protein at pre-puberty period to Holstein heifers on growth rates and production during the first lactation. J. Dairy Sci., 89: M78 (Abstr.).

Podgham B.J. (2008). The potential of suckling systems in calf rearing - Dutch research. Organic Broadcaster, issue 15, 1 Jan-Feb, pp. 1-3.

Podkówka W. (1974). Nowoczesne metody kiszenia pasz. PWRiL Warszawa, pp. 382-393.

Ramin A.G., Daniel R.C.W., Fenwick D.C., Verall R.G. (1996). Serum immunoglobulin concentrations in young calves and their relationship with weight gain, onset of puberty and pelvic area at 15 months of age. Livest. Prod. Sci., 45: 155-162.

Skrzypek R. (2002). The importance of colostral immunity in dairy cattle and factors affecting its status (in Polish). Biul. Inf. IZ, 4: 77-91.

Sweeney B.C., Rushen J., Weary D.M.,de Passillé A.M. (2010). Duration of weaning, starter intake, and weight gain of dairy calves fed large amounts of milk. J. Dairy Sci., 93: 148-152.

Szewczyk A., Walczak J. (2008). Evaluation of calf welfare in different rearing systems (in Polish). Rocz. Nauk. Zoot., 35, 2: 203-215.

Ślebodziński A., Brzezi ńska- Ślebodzińska E., Lipczak W., Rosa E. (1982). Simple, clinical test for quantitation of the immunoglobulin complex and total serum proteins in neonates of the farm animals (in Polish). Med. Weter., 8-9: 442-445.

Śliwiński B., Furgał-Dzierżuk I., Koreleski J., Brzóska F., Kański J. (2010). Tables of chemical composition and nutrive value of Polish domestic feedstuffs (in Polish). IZ PIB, Kraków, pp. 10-85.

Van Soest P.J., Wine R.H., Moore L.A. (1966). Estimation of the true digestibility of forages by the in vitro digestion of cell walls. Proc. Xth Ins. Grassland Congress, Helsinki. Finnish Grassland Association, pp. 438-441.

Wagenaar J.P.T.M., Langhout J. (2007). Practical implication of increasing natural living through suckling systems in organic dairy calf rearing. NJAS Wagen. J. Life Sci., 54, 4: 375-386.

Wilson L.L., Terosky T.L., Stull C.L., Stricklin W.R. (1999). Effects of individual housing design and size on behavior and stress indicators of special-fed Holstein veal calves. J. Anim. Sci., 44: 1341-1347.

Winnicka A. (2007). References values of basic laboratory tests in veterinary medicine (in Polish). SGGW, Warszawa, Wyd. IV, 115 pp.

Annals of Animal Science

The Journal of National Research Institute of Animal Production

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.018
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.959



CiteScore 2017: 1.01

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.413
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.822

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 137 137 9
PDF Downloads 48 48 7