Do chronological age and selected socio-demographic factors affect quality of life in females with breast cancer?

Open access

Do chronological age and selected socio-demographic factors affect quality of life in females with breast cancer?

The main aim of this study is to determine whether chronological age and selected socio-demographic factors affect quality of life in females with breast cancer. The sample group consisted of 145 females between 32.0 and 84.4 years of age, after radical surgery treatment, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and undergoing hormonotherapy. The results indicate no significant differences between individuals varied by chronological age, and by place of residence. The time elapsed since the diagnosis was a significant differentiating factor in terms of the self-reported extent of positive emotions, cognitive problems and sexual functioning. Higher educated females were more inclined to social avoidance and more severely affected by fatigue - those with partners more so than single ones. The distress related to the disease and its treatment degrades the patients' quality of life so severely that other factors, such as socio-demographic, chronological age or period since diagnosis, do not play as an important role in a subjective evaluation of quality of life. One needs to be cognizant of the variety of coexisting factors, including psychological and characterological, that contribute to the quality of life evaluation.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Andrykowski M. A. S. L. Currun J. L. Studts L. Cunningham J. S. Carpenter et al. 1996 Psychosocial Adjustment and Quality of Life in Women with Breast Cancer and Benign Breast Problems: A Controlled ComparisonJ. Clin. Epidemiol.49 827-34

  • Antoni M. H. J. M. Lehman K. M. Kilbourn A. E. Boyers J. L. Culver et al. 2001 Cognitive-behavioral stress management intervention decreases the prevalence of depression and enhances benefit finding among women under treatment for early-stage breast cancerHealth Psychol.20 20-32

  • Arndt V. T. Stürmer Ch. Stegmaier H. Ziegler G. Dhom et al. 2001 Socio-demographic factors health behavior and latestage diagnosis of breast cancer in Germany: A population-based studyJ. Clin. Epidemiol.54 719-27

  • Avis N. E. S. F. Assmann H. M. Kravitz P. A. Ganz M. Ory 2004 Quality of life in diverse groups of midlife women: Assessing the influence of menopause health status and psychosocial and demographic factorsQual. Life Res.13 933-36

  • Avis N. E. K. W. Smith S. McGraw R. G. Smith V. M. Petronis et al. 2005 Assessing quality of life in adult cancer survivorsQual. Life Res.14 1007-23

  • Barraclough J. 1997 Rak i emocje Wyd. Med. Sanmedica Warszawa pp. 53-55

  • Ben-Zur H. O. Gilbar S. Lev 2001 Coping with Breast Cancer: Patient Spouse and Dyad ModelsPsychosom. Med.63 32-39

  • Brissette I. M. F. Scheier Ch.S. Carver 2002 The Role of Optimism in Social Network Development Coping and Psychological Adjustment During a Life TransitionJ. Pers. Soc. Psychol.82 102-11

  • Carver C. S. S. D. Harris J. M. Lehman L. A. Durel M. H. Antoni et al. 2000aHow important is the perception of personal control? Studies of early stage breast cancer patientsPers. Soc. Psychol. Bull.26 139-50

  • Carver C. S. B. Meyer M. H. Antoni 2000bResponsiveness to threats and incentives expectancy of recurrence and distress and disengagement: Moderator effects in women with early state breast cancerJ. Consult. Clin. Psychol.68 965-87

  • Carver C. S. R. G. Smith V. M. Petronis M. H. Antoni 2006 Quality of life among longterm survivors of breast cancer: Different types of antecedents predict different classes of outcomesPsycho-Oncology15 749-58

  • Colussi A. M. L. Mazer D. Candotto M. De Biasi L. De Lorenzi et al. 2001 The elderly cancer patient: A nursing perspectiveCrit. Rev. Oncol. Hematol.39 235-45

  • Czapiński J. 1992 Psychologia szczęścia: przegląd badań teorii cebulowej Akademos Warszawa

  • De Walden- Gałuszko K. M. Majkowicz 1994 Jakość życia w chorobie nowotworowej Wyd. Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego Gdańsk

  • Engel J. J. Kerr A. Schlesinger-Raab H. Sauer D. Hölzel 2004 Quality of Life Following Breast-Conserving Therapy or Mastectomy: Results of a 5-Year Prospective StudyBreast J.10 223-31

  • Ferrell B. R. 1996 Humanizing the Experience of Pain and Illness [in:] Suffering B. R. Ferrell (ed.) Jones and Bartlett London pp. 211-21

  • Gotay C. C. E. L. Korn M. S. McCabe T. D. Moore B. D. Cheson 1992 Quality of life assessment in cancer treatment protocols: Research issues in protocol developmentJ. Natl. Cancer I.84 575-79

  • Grygorczuk A. 2008 Pojęcie stresu w medycynie i psychologiiPsychiatria5 111-15

  • Guglas N. J. Mackiewicz P. Pawlik W. Cichy 2007 Aspekty psychologiczne raka piersi u kobiet w okresie menopauzyPrz. Menopauz.1 19-22

  • Jassem J. 1998 Rak sutka Wyd. Med. Springer PWN Warszawa

  • Kaczmarek M. 2004 The midlife well-being gender and marital statusPrz. Antropol. - Anthropol. Rev.67 57-71

  • Kravdal Ø. 2002 A cancer survival model that takes sociodemographic variations in "normal" mortality into account: comparison with other modelsJ. Epidemiol. Commun. Health56 309-18

  • Krebs E. E. B. C. Taylor J. A. Cauley K. L. Stone P. J. Bowman et al. 2006 Measures of Adiposity and Risk of Breast Cancer in Older Postmenopausal WomenJ. Am. Geriatr. Soc.54 63-69

  • Majkowicz M. K. De Walden-Gałuszko I. Trzebiatowska A. Kopacz A. Domaradz-ka-Woźniak 1994 Ocena jakości życia u kobiet z nowotworem gruczołu piersiowego w różnych stadiach chorobyNowotwory44 86-91

  • Majkowicz M. 2000 Problemy i perspektywy oceny jakości życia w chorobie nowotworowej Psychoonkologia Bibl. Psychiatrii Polskiej Kraków 141-48

  • Manjer J. G. Berglund L. Bondesson J. P. Garne L. Janzon et al. 2000 Intraurban differences in breast cancer mortality: A study from the city of Malmö in SwedenJ. Epidemiol. Commun. Health54 279-85

  • Mika K. A. 1984 Psychologia społeczna Wyd. Nauk. PWN Warszawa

  • Miniszewska J. B. Chrystowska-Jabłońska 2002 Strategie radzenia sobie z chorobą nowotworową a jakość życiaPsychoonkologia6 89-94

  • Northouse L. T. Kershaw D. Mood A. Schafenacker 2005 Effects of a family intervention on the quality of life of women with recurrent breast cancer and their family caregiversPsycho-Oncology14 478-91

  • Nowicki A. B. Rządkowska 2005 Depresja i lęk u chorych z nowotworami złośliwymi W spółcz. Onkol.9 396-403

  • Nowicki A. M. Nikiel 2006 Operacje odtwórcze piersi ocena satysfakcji pacjentekWspółcz. Onkol.10 45-50

  • Osoba D. M-A. Hsu C. Copley-Merriman J. Coombs F. R. Johnson et al. 2006 Stated preferences of patients with cancer for healthrelated quality of life (HRQOL) domains during treatmentQual. Life Res.15 273-83

  • Osowiecki D. M. B. Kompas 1999 A Prospective Study of Coping Perceived Control and Psychological Adaptation to Breast CancerCogn. Ther. Res.23 169-80

  • Piątek J. H. Krauss M. Gaik J. Krawczyk S. Sajdak 2004 Jakość życia kobiet po amputacji piersiPrz. Ginek. Położ.4 172-77

  • Ponczek D. A. Nowicki W. Zegarski Z. Banaszkiewicz 2006 Ocena jakości życia chorych leczonych chirurgicznie z powodu raka odbytnicy w aspekcie czynników społeczno-demograficznychWspółcz. Onkol.10 164-70

  • Reuben D. B. 1997 Geriatric Assessment in OncologyCancer80 1311-16

  • Ringdal G. I. K. Ringdal 2000 A follow-up study of the quality of life in cancer patients with different prognosesQual. Life Res.9 65-73

  • Roussi P. V. Krikeli C. Hatzidimitriou I. Koutri 2007 Patterns of Coping Flexibility in Coping and Psychological Distress in Women Diagnosed with Breast CancerCogn. Ther. Res.31 97-109

  • Salander P. K. Hamberg 2005 Gender differences in patients' written narratives about being diagnosed with cancerPsycho-Oncology4 684-95

  • Schipper H. 1990 Quality of life: Principles of the clinical paradigmJ. Psychosoc. Oncol.8 171-85

  • Stępień R. B. 2007 Uwarunkowania społecz-no-demograficzne poziomu lęku i depresji u kobiet po radykalnym leczeniu chirurgicznym raka piersi - mastektomiiProbl. Piel.15 20-25

  • Thome B. A-K. Dykes I. R. Hallberg 2004 Quality of life in old people with and without cancerQual. Life Res.13 1067-80

  • Tchórzewska H. 1996 Operacje odtwórcze piersi po mastektomii z powodu raka w ocenie pacjentekPost. Rehab.10 69-73

  • Urcuyo K. R. A. E. Boyers C. S. Carver M. H. Antoni 2005 Finding benefit in breast cancer: Relations with personality coping and concurrent well-beingPsychol. Health20 175-92

  • Weitzner M. A. C. A. Meyers K. K. Stuebing A. K. Saleeba 1997 Relationship between quality of life and mood in long-term survivors of breast cancer treated with mastectomySupport. Care Cancer5 241-48

  • Willits M. J. 1994 Reach to recovery in breast cancerCancer74 2172-73

  • Wimberly S. R. C. S. Carver J-P. Laurenceau S. D. Harris M. H. Antoni 2005 Perceived partner reactions to diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer: Impact on psychosocial and psychosexual adjustmentJ. Consult. Clin. Psychol.73 300-11

  • WHO 2007 Responding to the challenge of cancer in Europe Available from: http://www.euro.who.int/Document/E91137.pdf

  • Wong-Kim E. C. J. R. Bloom 2005 Depression experienced by young women newly diagnosed with breast cancerPsycho-Oncology14 564-73

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.55

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.22
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.472

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 296 154 2
PDF Downloads 66 48 1