Decompensated Aortic Stenosis in a Young Patient with Multiple Comorbidities - A Case Report

Alexandra Stoica 1 , 2 , Marius Harpa 1 , 2 , Hussam Al Hussein 1 , 2 , Carmen Opriş 2 , Cosmin Opriş 2 , Hamida Al Hussein 1 , Claudiu Ghiragosian 1 , 2 , Cosmin Banceu 1 , 2 ,  and Horaţiu Suciu 1 , 2
  • 1 University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology of Târgu-Mureș,
  • 2 Emergency Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases and Transplantation of Târgu-Mureș,

Abstract

Aortic valve replacement is a safe therapy that can reverse cardiac remodeling and increase cardiac contractility, improve symptoms and quality of life. We presented a case of a 35-year-old male patient admitted to the Emergency Institute for Cardiovascular Disease and Transplantation of Târgu Mureș, Romania, due to severe aortic stenosis with severely depressed ejection fraction, left atrial myxome and a history of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary thromboembolism. He underwent excision of the aortic valve and replacement with a mechanical prosthesis, excision of left atrial myxoma and tricuspid annuloplasty. The postoperative evolution was favourable with a significant recovery of the left ventricular systolic function and regression of cardiac symptomatology. This case was particular due to the rapid progression of the aortic pathology with the reduction of cardiac (systolic) function in a relatively short time as well as the occurrence of the thromboembolic event unrelated to the left atrial myxoma and rather associated with the background of cardiac failure with low cardiac output.

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