Seismic and geodetic studies were carried out before, during, and after underground exploitation of a coal bed in Katowice - Kleofas Coal Mine, located in the Upper Silesia Coal Basin, Poland. Development of a subsidence trough was completed approximately 3 months after passage of a longwall exploitation in the coal seam. This was the time required for the subsidence trough to appear on the surface, which was confirmed by levelling measurements. Sharp changes in the elastic parameters were observed on each profile during subsidence trough development. This observation can result from changing tension and compression forces caused by increase and/or decrease of the elastic parameters of the rock mass. After completion of subsidence trough development, the rock mass appeared to return to its isotropic state and the observed changes ceased. Some minor fluctuations were noted, but they probably resulted from changes in groundwater levels, which might have affected the measured parameters.
Belfer I., Bruner I., Keydar S., Kravtsov A., Landa E., 1998. Detection of shallow objects using refracted and diffracted seismic waves. Journal of Applied Geophysics 38 (3),155-168.
Blachowski J., Cacon S., Milczarek W., 2009. Analysis of post-mining ground deformations caused by underground coal extraction in complicated geological conditions. Acta Geodyn. Geomater 6, 351-357.
Bogusz M., Mendecki M., 2011. Seismic and Geodetic Observations of Subsidence Trough Development Over a Longwall Face in a Coal Bed Under Extraction Geophysics. Idziak A.F, Dubiel R. (Eds). Mining and Environmental Protection. Springer, Berlin, 71-79. doi:
Carvalho J., Lisboa J.V., Torres L., Mendes-Victor L.A., 2000. Rock mass evaluation using in-situ velocity and attenuation measurements. European Journal Of Environmental And Engineering Geophysics 5, 15-31.
Carvalho J., Torres L., Castro R., Dias R., Mendes-Victor L., 2009. Seismic velocities and geotechnical data applied to the soil microzoning of western Algarve, Portugal. Journal of Applied Geophysics 68 (2), 249-258. doi:
Dal Moro G., Pipan M., Gabrielli P., 2007. Rayleigh wave dispersion curve inversion via genetic algorithms and marginal posterior probability density estimation. Journal of Applied Geophysics 61, 39-55. doi:
Doležalová H., Kajzar V., Souček K., Staš L., 2009. Evaluation of mining subsidence using GPS data. Acta Geodyn Geomater 6, 359-367.
Doležalová H., Kajzar V., Souček K., Staš L., 2012. Analysis of surface movements from undermining in time. Acta Geodyn. Geomater 9, 389-400.
Foti S., Lai C.G., Rix G.J., Strobbia C., 2014. Surface wave methods for near-surface site characterization. CRC Press.
Gustkiewicz J., Zuberek W.M., Jochymczyk K., Kaczor D., 2002. Geophysical monitoring of soil deformation due to underground mining. Ogasawara H., Yanagidani T., Ando M. (Eds) Seismogenic Process Monitoring, AA Balkema Publishers, 25-36.
Ismail A., Denny F.B., Metwaly M., 2014. Comparing continuous profiles from MASW and shear-wave reflection seismic methods. Journal of Applied Geophysics 105, 67-77. doi:
Karakostas V., Mirek K., Mesimeri M., Papadimitriou E., Mirek J., 2017. The Aftershock Sequence of the 2008 Achaia, Greece, Earthquake: Joint Analysis of Seismicity Relocation and Persistent Scatterers Interferometry. Pure and Applied Geophysics 174, 151-176. doi:
Knothe S., 1980. Influence of time on the course of displacement, deformation of the rock mass and land surface caused by mining exploitation. Borecki M. (Ed.) Surface protection against mining damage, Wydawnictwo “Śląsk” Katowice (in Polish).
Knothe S., 1984. Predicting the impacts of mining exploitation. Wydawnictwo “Śląsk” Katowice (in Polish).
Kochmański T., 1980. Tadeusz Kochmański Theory. Borecki M (Ed.) Surface protection against mining damage, Wydawnictwo “Śląsk” Katowice (in Polish).
Lin C.P., Chang C.C., Chang T.S., 2004. The use of MASW method in the assessment of soil liquefaction potential. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 24 (9), 689-698. doi:
Stan-Kleczek I., Mendecki M.J., 2014. The use of active seismic methods to study seismic waves anisotropy in Triassic dolomites. Alejano R, Perucho A, Olalla C, Jiménez R (Eds) Rock Engineering and Rock Mechanics: Structures in and on Rock Masses. Taylor & Francis Group, London, 1213-1217.
Stan-Kłeczek I., Mendecki M.J., 2016. Application of Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves to S-Phase Wave Anisotropy Estimation. Acta Geophysica 64 (5), 1593-1604. doi:
Turesson A., 2007. A comparison of methods for the analysis of compressional, shear, and surface wave seismic data, and determination of the shear modulus. Journal of Applied Geophysics 61 (2), 83-91. doi: