Reliefs and Symbols at Göbekli Tepe. Records of Early Neolithic Communication

Šárka Velhartická 1
  • 1 University of Hradec Králové, Philosophical Faculty, Centre of Interdisciplinary Research, 6900, Lugano, Switzerland

Abstract

The archaeological site of Göbekli Tepe in southeast Turkey has garnered attention over the last two decades thanks to circles of megalithic T-shaped stone pillars dating to the 10th–9th millennium BCE. These stone pillars, which could be considered as representing figures, reach as far as 5.5 metres in height, weigh between 10 and 15 tons and, in many cases, are covered in animal reliefs or geometric motifs. Both the monumentality of the circular structures and their symbolism raise many questions and bring a whole new insight into the life and rituals of early Neolithic societies.

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