The paper presents the results of the influence of commercial TiBor and AlSr10 master alloys on the refine the grains size, hardness and crystallisation process based on the thermal-derivation analysis of light cast magnesium-lithium-aluminium alloys. The effects of TiBor and AlSr10 content on the characteristic parameters of the crystallisation process of Mg-Li-Al alloys were investigated by thermal-derivative analysis (TDA). Microstructural evaluations were identified by light microscope, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy.
The results showed that the addition of TiBor master alloy reduced the grain size of Mg-9Li-1.5Al cast alloy from 900 μm to 500 μm, while the addition of AlSr10 master alloy reduced the grain size of investigated cast alloy from 900 μm to 480 μm. Moreover, an addition of TiBor and AlSr10 simultaneously reduced the grain size from 900 μm to 430 μm.
Results from the thermal-derivative analysis showed that the addition of grain refinement causes a decrease in nucleation temperature and solidus temperature.