Nondestructive Testing of Ceramic Hip Joint Implants with Laser Spot Thermography

Open access


The paper presents an application of laser spot thermography for damage detection in ceramic samples with surface breaking cracks. The measurement technique is an active thermographic approach based on an external heat delivery to a test sample, by means of a laser pulse, and signal acquisition by an infrared camera. Damage detection is based on the analysis of surface temperature distribution near the exciting laser spot. The technique is nondestructive, non-contact and allows for full-field measurements. Surface breaking cracks are a very common type of damage in ceramic materials that are introduced in the manufacturing process or during the service period. This paper briefly discusses theoretical background of laser spot thermography, describes the experimental test rig and signal processing methods involved. Damage detection results obtained with laser spot thermography are compared with reference measurements obtained with vibrothermography. This is a different modality of active thermography, that has been previously proven effective for this type of damage. We demonstrate that both measurement techniques can be effectively used for damage detection and quality control applications of ceramic materials.

[1] P.O. Moore, Nondestructive Testing Handbook, Vol 10, Overview, 3rd ed., American Society for Nondestructive Testing (2012).

[2] T. Stepinski, T. Uhl, W. Staszewski, Advanced Structural Damage Detection: From theory to Engineering Applications, Wiley (2013).

[3] X. Maldague X, Theory and Practice of Infrared Technology for Nondestructive Testing, Wiley (2001).

[4] R. Bradt, D. Hasselman, D. Munz, V. Sakai, Y. Shevchenko, Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics, Springer (2012).

[5] B. Perrichon, H. Liu, J. Chayalier, L. Gremillard, B. Reynard, F. Farizon, J. Liao, J. Geringer, Ageing Shocks and War Mechanism in ZTA and the Long-Term Performance of Hip Joint Materials, J. of Mater. (2017).

[6] D. Munz, T. Fetts, Ceramics: mechanical properties, failure behavior, material selection, Springer Science (2013).

[7] British Institute of Non-Destructive Testing, Liquid penetrant inspections, The British Institute of Non-Destructive testing (2017).

[8] Magnaflux, Zyglo Fluorescent Penetrant Operating Instructions for Bulk Applications, NDT Supplies (2017).

[9] M. Krishnapillai, R. Jones, I.H. Marshall, M. Bannister, N. Rajic, Thermography as a tool for damage assessment, Comp. Struct. 67 (2005).

[10] T. Sakagami, S. Kubo, Applications of Pulse Heating Thermography and Lock-in Thermography to Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluations, Infr. Phys. and Tech. (2002).

[11] G. Pitarresi, Lock-In Signal Post-Processing Techniques in Infra-Red Thermography for Materials Structural Evaluation, Exp. Mech. 55 (2015).

[12] J. Roemer, L. Pieczonka, M. Szwedo, T. Uhl, W. Staszewski, Thermography of Metallic and Composite Structures – review of applications, The e-Journal of Nondestr. Test. (2013).

[13] STC Superior Technical Ceramics, Zirconia-Toughened Alumina, White paper (2014).

[14] T. Li, D. Almond, D. Andres, S. Rees, Crack Imaging by Scanning Pulsed Laser Spot Thermography, NDT&E Int. 44 (2), (2010).

[15] S. Burrowsm, A. Rashed, D. Almondm, S. Dixon, Combined Laser Spot Imaging Thermography and Ultrasonic Measurements for Crack Detection. Nondestr. Test. and Eval. (2007).

[16] J. Roemer, L. Pieczonka, T. Uhl, Laser Spot Thermography of Welded Joints. Diagnostyka 15 (2014).

[17] J. Roemer, L. Pieczonka, T. Uhl, Laser Spot Thermography for Crack Detection in Aluminium Structures, 7th Int. Symp. on NDT in Aerospace (2015).

[18] C. Hermosilla-Lara, P. Joubert, D. Plancko, Identification of Physical Effects in Flying spot Photothermal Non-Destructive Testing, Eur. J. Appl. Phys. (2003).

[19] N. Montinaro, D. Cerniglia, G. Pitarresi, Flying Laser Spot Thermography technique for the NDE of Fibre Metal Laminates disbonds., Compos. Struct. (2017)

[20] A. Yun-Kyu, K. Ji, S. Hoon, Laser Lock-in Thermography for Fatigue Crack Detection, NDT & E Int. 65 (2014).

[21] T. Almond, D. Rees, Crack Imaging by Scanning Laser-line Thermography and Laser Spot Thermography, Meas. Sci. and Tech. (2011).

[22] K. Reifsnider, E. Henneke, W. Stinchcomb, The Mechanics of Vibrothermography, in: W. Stinchcomb, C. Duke, E. Henneke, K. Reifsinder (Eds.), Mechanics of Nondestructive Testing, Springer (1980).

[23] L. Pieczonka, M. Szwedo, Vibrothermography, in: T. Stepinski, T. Uhl, T. Staszewski (Eds.), Advanced Structural Damage Detection: From Theory to Engineering Applications, 233-61, Wiley (2013).

[24] L. Pieczonka, F. Aymerich, G. Brozek, M. Szwedo, W.J. Staszewski, T. Uhl, Modelling and numerical simulations of vibrothermography for impact damage detection in composites structures, Struct. Control. Heal. Monit. 20 (4), (2013).

[25] C. Homma, M. Rothenfusser, J. Bauman, R. Shannon, Study of the Heat Generation Mechanism in Acoustic Thermography, Quant. Nondestr. Eval., AIP Conference Proceedings 820 (2006).

Archives of Metallurgy and Materials

The Journal of Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science and Commitee on Metallurgy of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.571
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.776

CiteScore 2016: 0.85

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.347
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.740


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 260 260 15
PDF Downloads 94 94 5