Determining the Tribological Properties of Diamond-Like Carbon Coatings Lubricated with Biodegradable Cutting Fluids

Open access


The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of the biodegradable cutting fluid used instead of classical, usually toxic. This paper presents the results of tribological studies of a-C:H coatings formed on HS6-5-2C steel by plasma-assisted chemical vapour deposition. The coating structures were examined using a JSM-7100F SEM. The coating microhardness was measured with a Matsuzawa tester. The surface texture analysis was performed before and after the tribological tests with a Talysurf CCI Lite optical profiler. The tribological properties were investigated using a T-01 M tester and a T-17 tester. The tests were carried out under dry friction conditions and lubricated friction conditions using a lubricant with zinc aspartate. The test results show that the layer formed at the interface prevented the moving surfaces. The investigations discussed in this paper have contributed to the development of non-toxic and environmentally-friendly manufacturing because of the use of biodegradable cutting fluid and thin, hard coatings.

[1] R. Gałuszka, M. Madej, D. Ozimina, A. Krzyszkowski, G. Gałuszka, The characterisation of the mi-crostructure and mechanical properties of diamond – like carbon (DLC) for endoprosthesis, Metalurgija 5 (1-2), 195-198 (2016).

[2] M. Folea, A. Roman, N.B. Lupulescu, An overview of DLC coatings on cutting tools performance, Scientific papers, Academic Journal of Manufacturing Engineering 8 (3), 30-36 (2010).

[3] M. Madej, K. Marczewska-Boczkowska, D. Ozimina, Effect of tungsten on the durability of diamond-like carbon coatings in the chemical industry, Chem. Rev. 93 (4), 505-505 (2014).

[4] B. Vengudusamy, A. Grafl, K. Preinfalk, Tribological properties of hydrogenated amorphous carbon under dry and lubricated conditions, Diam. Relat. Mater. 41, 53-64 (2014).

[5] D. Ozimina, M. Madej, J. Kowalczyk, J. Suchanek, F. Taticek, M. Kolarikova, The wear performance of diamond-like carbon coatings in relation to coating composition and friction pair, Tribology 3, 157-166 (2012).

[6] M. Madej, Properties of tribological systems with diamond-like carbon coatings, Ed. TU, 2013 Kielce.

[7] D. Ozimina, The exploitation of tribological systems. Tom I. The importance of scientific instrument in operation buildings, M48, Ed. TU, 2013 Kielce.

[8] T. Roch, D. Benke, S. Milles, A. Roch, T. Kunze, A. Lasagni, Dependence between friction of laser interference patterned carbon and the thin film morphology, Diam. Relat. Mater. 55, 16-21 (2015).

[9] M.S. Komlenok, V.V. Kononenko, E.V. Zavedeev, V.D. Frolov, N.R. Arutyunyan, A.A. Chouprik, A.S. Baturin, H.J. Scheibe, L. Mikhail, M.L. Shupegin, S.M. Pimenov, Laser surface graphitization to control friction of diamond-like carbon coatings, Appl. Phys. 121 (3), 1031-1038 (2015).

[10] B. Bhushan, Modern Tribology Handbook, Two Volume Set, Tribology of Diamond, Diamond-Like Carbon, and Related Films, CRC Press, 2000 Florida.

[11] Ch. Donnet, A. Erdemir, Tribology of Diamond-Like Carbon Films. Fundamentals and Applications, Springer, 2008 New York.

[12] F. Klocke, Cutting Tool Materials and Tools, in: Manufacturing Processes 1, Springer, 2011 Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

[13] E. Miko, Ł. Nowakowski, Measurement of a minimum chip thickness in face milling, Mech. Mies. Nauk. Tech. 7, 521-525 (2013).

[14] G.T. Smith, Cutting Tool Technology. Industrial Handbook, Springer, 2008 London.

[15] V.P. Astakhov, S. Joksch, Metalworking fluids (MWFs) for cutting and grinding. Fundamentals and recent advantages, WP, 2012 UK.

[16] U.S. Dixit, D.K. Sarma, J.P. Davim, Environmentally Friendly Machining, Springer, 2012 London.

[17] Scientific opinion. Magnesium aspartate, potassium aspartate, magnesium potassium aspartate, calcium aspartate, zinc aspartate, and copper aspartate as sources for magnesium, potassium, calcium, zinc, and copper added for nutritional purposes to food supplements, The EFSA Journal. 883, 1-23 (2008).

[18] S. Adamczak, E. Miko, F. Cus, A model of surface roughness constitution in the metal cutting process applying tools with defined stereometry, J. Mech. Eng. 55, 45-54 (2009).

[19] M. Wieczorkowski, The use of topographic analysis in the measurement of surface roughness, Ed. TU, 2009 Poznań.

[20] P. Pawlus, Surface topography measurement, analysis, impact, Ed. TU, 2005 Rzeszów.

[21] I. P. Chmielik, H. Czarnecki, J. Tomasik, Comparative analysis of surface roughness measurements in the 3D system by the contact and optical methods, Mech. Mies. Nauk. Tech. 7, 544-547 (2013).

[22] W. Grzesik, Comparison of characteristics of stereometricals surface roughness in turning and grinding hardened steels, Mech. Mies. Nauk. Tech. 4, 274-279 (2014).

Archives of Metallurgy and Materials

The Journal of Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science and Commitee on Metallurgy of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.571
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.776

CiteScore 2016: 0.85

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.347
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.740


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 247 175 11
PDF Downloads 119 91 4