Characterization of Cu and Ni Nano-Fluids Synthesized by Pulsed Wire Evaporation Method

Open access


In the present work, Cu and Ni nanofluids were synthesized using the pulsed wire evaporation (PWE) method in the different aqueous medias, namely (ethanol and ethylene glycol), and the effects of the aqueous media on the dispersion state, stability, and particle size of nanoparticles were studied. The size and morphology of synthesized nano-particles were investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Also, the dispersion stability of the nanofluids was evaluated by turbiscan analysis. The TEM results showed that the nano-particles were spherical in shape, and the average particle size was below 100 nm. The average particle size of the Cu nano-particles was smaller than that of Ni, which was attributed to a difference in the specific sublimation energy of the elements. Moreover, ethylene glycol (EG) exhibited higher suspension stability than ethanol. Finally, the dispersion stability of Cu@EG displayed the highest value due to lower particle size and greater viscosity.

[1] W. Yu, H. Xie, J. Nanomater., 435873 (2012).

[2] X.Q. Wang, A.S. Mujumdar, Int. J. Therm. Sci. 46, 1-19 (2007).

[3] V. Trisaksri, S. Wongwises, Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 11, 521-523 (2007).

[4] Y. Li, J. Zhou, S. Tung, E. Schneider, X. Dhrnhqi, Powder Technol. 196, 89-101 (2009).

[5] B. Munkhbayar, M.R. Tanshen, J. Jeoun, H. Chung, H. Jeong, Ceram. Int. 39, 6415-6425 (2013).

[6] F. Yılmaz, D.J. Lee, J.W. Song, H.S. Hong, H.T. Son, J.S. Yoon, S.J. Hong, Powder Technol. 235, 1047-1052 (2013).

[7] S. Ishihara, H. Suematsu, T. Nakayama, T. Suzuki, K. Niihara, Ceram. Int. 38, 4477-4484 (2012).

[8] T.K. Jung, D.W. Joh, H.S. Lee, M.H. Lee, Procedia Eng. 10, 728-733 (2011).

[9] R.S. Reddy, M. Kamaraj, U.K. Mudali, S.R. Chakravarthy, R. Sarathi, Ceram. Int. 38, 5507-5512 (2012).

[10] Z. Haddad, C. Abid, H.F. Oztop, A. Mataoui, Int. J. Therm. Sci. 76, 168-189 (2014).

[11] J.W. Song, D.J. Lee, F. Yilmaz, S.J. Hong, J. Nanomater. 2012, 792429 (2012).

[12] L.H. Bac, W.H. Gu, J.C. Kim, B.K. Kim, J.S. Kim, J. Kor. Powd. Met. Inst. 19, 55-59 (2012).

[13] E.J. Park, S.W. Lee, I.C. Bang, H.W. Park, Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6, 1-10 (2011).

[14] R. Sarathi, T.K. Sindhu, S.R. Chakravarthy, Mater. Charact. 58, 148-155 (2007).

[15] R.G. Larson, The structure and rheology of complex fluids, Oxford University Press, New York 1999.

[16] H.A. Barnes, A handbook of elementary rheology, University of Wales, Institute of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics 2000.

Archives of Metallurgy and Materials

The Journal of Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science and Commitee on Metallurgy of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.571
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.776

CiteScore 2016: 0.85

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.347
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.740

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 244 200 19
PDF Downloads 87 76 10