Analysis of Using Acoustic Microscopy to Evaluate Defects in Spot Welding Joints

Open access


The article presents the possibilities of using acoustic microscopy to evaluate defects in resistance spot welding joints. For this purpose, the welded joints were made from two grades of aluminium plates EN AW5754 H24 and EN AW6005 T606, which were then subjected to non-destructive testing using acoustic microscopy and conventional destructive testing using traditional light microscopy techniques. Additionally, the study examined the influence of the typical contaminants found in industrial conditions on the quality of the joint.

[1] S. Stano, Welding Institute Bulletin 2, 24-25 (2005).

[2] H. Papkała, A. Pietras, L. Zadroga, Welding Technology Review 5-7, 51-57 (2004).

[3] Y. Cho, I. Chang, H. Lee, Welding J. 85 (8), 26-29 (2007).

[4] R. Gr. Maev, F. Severin, Acoustic Microscope Inspection of Cylindrical Butt Laser Welds, in: M.P. Andre, J.P. Jones, H. Lee (Ed.), Acoustical Imaging 30, Springer Science + Bisness Media B.V. (2011).

[5] E. Drescher-Krasicka, C.P. Ostertag, J. Mater. Sci. 34, 4173-4179, (1999). Y.V. Korkh, D.V. Perov, A.B. Rinkevich, Acoustic Methods Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing, 51 (4), 198-209 (2015).

[6] G.M. Crean, C.M. Flannery, S.C.Ó. Mathúna, Acoustic Microscopy Analysis of Microelectronic Interconnection and Packaging Technologies, in: A. Briggs (Ed.), Advances in Acoustic Microscopy 1, Plenum Press 1995.

[7] A.M. Chertov, R.G. Maev, F.M. Severin, IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control 54 (8), 1521-1529 (2007).

[8] M. Korzeniowski, Monitoring by Ultrasonic Method Resistance Welding Process. PhD thesis, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, September 2008, in Polish.

[9] F. Schubert, R. Hipp, A. Gommlich, Determination of Diameter and Thickness of Weld Nuggets in Resistance Spot Welding by High Frequency Ultrasound Inspection, Proceeding on 11th European Conference on Non-Destructive Testing (ECNDT 2014), Prague, Czech Republic (2014).

[10] T.J. Potter, B. Ghaffari, G. Mozurkewich, NDT&E International 38 (5), 374-380 (2005).

[11] M. Thornton, L. Han, M. Shergold, NDT&E International 48, 30-38 (2012).

[12] R. Gr. Maev, F. Seviaryn, Ultrasonic Imaging Inspection of Projection Welds, Procedding on 5th Pan American Conference for NDT Cancun, Mexico (2011).

[13] J.T. Bonarski, L. Tarkowski, S. Pawlak, A. Rakowska, Ł. Major, Arch. Metall. Mater. 59 (2), 437-441 (2014).

[14] H. Papkała, Resistance Welding of Metals, WiHK „KaBe” s.c. Krosno 2003.

[15] H. Zhang, J. Senkara, Resistance Welding Fundamentals and Application, CRC Press Taylor&Francis Group 2006.

[16] A. Jaquin, A.N.A. Elliott, Ch. Jiang, Welding J. 86 (2), 24-27 (2007).

[17] R. Gr. Maev, D.F. Watt, R. Pan, V.M. Levin, K.I. Maslov, Acoustical Imaging 22, 779-784 (1996).

[18] H.T. Lee, M. Wang, R.G. Maev, E. Maeva, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 22, 727-732 (2003).

Archives of Metallurgy and Materials

The Journal of Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science and Commitee on Metallurgy of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.571
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.776

CiteScore 2016: 0.85

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.347
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.740


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 154 154 19
PDF Downloads 63 63 3