The study presents the results of research into the impact of strain in cold drawing and surface modification treatment on corrosion properties of wires made of X10CrNi 18-8 steel used in maxillofacial surgery. Scanning microscopy enabled to make images of the surface of wires after drawing process as well as after surface modification treatment. Resistance to electrochemical corrosion was evaluated on the ground of registered anodic polarisation curves in artificial saliva. In order to evaluate physical and chemical properties of the surface, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was performed.
Test results show deterioration of corrosion properties of wires along with strain taking place in drawing process. It was proved that electrochemical polishing and chemical passivation caused sudden increase of resistance of wires made of stainless steel to pitting corrosion in artificial saliva.