A prominent characteristic of clinical data is their heterogeneity—such data include structured examination records and laboratory results, unstructured clinical notes, raw and tagged images, and genomic data. This heterogeneity poses a formidable challenge while constructing diagnostic and therapeutic decision models that are currently based on single modalities and are not able to use data in different formats and structures. This limitation may be addressed using data fusion methods. In this paper, we describe a case study where we aimed at developing data fusion models that resulted in various therapeutic decision models for predicting the type of treatment (surgical vs. non-surgical) for patients with bone fractures. We considered six different approaches to integrate clinical data: one fusion model based on combination of data (COD) and five models based on combination of interpretation (COI). Experimental results showed that the decision model constructed following COI fusion models is more accurate than decision models employing COD. Moreover, statistical analysis using the one-way ANOVA test revealed that there were two groups of constructed decision models, each containing the set of three different models. The results highlighted that the behavior of models within a group can be similar, although it may vary between different groups.
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