Effect of Alcohol to Oral Health

Open access

Summary

According to the World Health Organization there are almost two billion people worldwide who consume alcohol on a regular basis. It’s a common abuse and almost 80 million are diagnozed with “alcohol abuse disorders” (WHO 2002, 2004). Excessive alcohol consumption is related to more than 60 different medical conditions, as suicide, homicide and different forms of accidents. Some conditions are acute, while other conditions such as liver cirrhosis, chronic pancreatitis, haemorrhagic stroke and various forms of cancer, are chronic consequences. Non-carious destructions of teeth like dental erosion are also associated with frequent alcohol consumption, because of precipitation of salivary proline-rich proteins caused by polyphenols present in most alcoholic drinks. The high concentration of organic and inorganic acids and the habit of keeping the alcoholic drink in the mouth can cause chronic inflammations of the soft tissues in the mouth and can increase the negative side effects from metals of crowns, bridges, orthodontic devises and various restorations. A literature review has been made due to the authors clinical observations and experiences.

1. Abelson D, I Mandel, M Karmiol, Salivary studies in alcoholic cirrhosis, Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol, 1976, 41, 188-92.

2. Allen J, W Eckardt, J Wallen, Screening for alcoholism: techniques and issues, Public Health Rep, 1988, 103, 586-92

3. Araujo M, K Dermen, G Connors, S Ciancio, Oral and dental health among inpatients in treatment for alcohol use disorders: a pilot study, J Int Acad Periodontol,2004 6, 125-30.

4. Berger A, Why wine might be less harmful than beer and spirits, Br Med J, 1998,317, 848.

5. Berry Mr, J Scott, Functional and structural adaptation of the parotid gland to medium-term chronic ethanol exposure in the rat, Alcohol, 1990, 25, 523-31.

6. Burger M, A Bronstrup, K Pietrzik, Derivation of tolerable upper alcohol intake levels in Germany: a systematic review of risks and benefi ts of moderate alcohol consumption, Prev Med, 2004, 39, 111-27.

7. Chaudhry Si, Jl Harris, Sj Challacombe, Dental erosion in a wine merchant: an occupational hazard?, Br Dent J, 1997,182, 226-8.

8. Chikte Um, S Grobler, Tj Kotze, ‘In vitro human dental enamel erosion by three different wine samples, South Afr Dent J, 2003, 58, 360-2.

9. Chikte Um, S Naidoo, Tj Kolze, S Grobler, Patterns of tooth surface loss among winemakers’. South Afr Dent J, 2005,60, 370-4.

10. Chuajedong P, U Kedjarune-leggat, V Kertpon, V Chongsuvivatwong, et al, Associated factors of tooth wear in southern Thailand, J Oral Rehabil,2002, 29, 997-1002.

11. Department of health, Sensible Drinking: Report of an inter-departmentalworking group, 1995, DH, UK.

12. Dreosti I, Antioxidant polyphenols in tea, cocoa, and wine, Nutrition, 2000,16, 692-4.

13. Dutta Sk, M Dukehart, A Narang, P Latham, Functional and structural changes in parotid glands of alcoholic cirrhotic patients, Gastroenterology,1989, 96, 510-8.

14. Dutta Sk, M Orestes, S Vengulekur, P Kwo, Ethanol and human saliva: effect of chronic alcoholism on fl ow rate, composition, and epidermal growth factor, Am J Gastroenterol,1992, 87, 350-4.

15. Enberg N, J Wolf, A Ainamo, H Alho, et al, Dental diseases and loss of teeth in a group of Finnish alcoholics: a radiological study, Acta Odontol Scand, 2001,59, 341-7.

16. Ferguson M, Dunbar Rj, Smith Ja, Wall Jg, ‘Enamel erosion related to winemaking, Occup Med, 1996,46, 159-62.

17. Gray A, Mm Ferguson, Jg Wall, Wine tasting and dental erosion, Case report. Aust Dent J, 1998,43, 32-4.

18. Hede B, Determinants of oral health in a group of Danish alcoholics’. Eur J Oral Sci, 1996,104, 403-8.

19. Jones L, D Lekkas, D Hunt, J Micintyre, et al, ‘Studies on dental erosion: An in vivo-in vitro model of endogenous dental erosion - its application to testing protection by fl uoride gel application, Aust Dent J, 2002,47, 304-8.

20. Klampfl Cw, W Buchbergera, Pr Haddad, Determination of organic acids in food samples by capillary zone electrophoresis, J Chromatogr A, 2000, 357-64.

21. Kranzler Hr, Tf Babor, L Goldstein, J Gold, Dental pathology and alcohol-related indicators in an outpatient clinic sample, Community Dent OralEpidemiol, 1990, 18, 204-7.

22. Lissera Rg, L Maldonado, Lj Battellino, In vitro erosive capacity of some fruit juices and soft or low alcoholic strength beverages on human teeth, Acta Odontol Latinoam, 1998,11, 55-71.

23. Llewellyn Cd, Nw Johnson, K Warnakulasuriya, Risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity in young people - a comprehensive literature review, Oral Oncol, 2001, 37, 401-18.

24. Lupi-pegurier L, M Muller, E Leforestier, Mf Bertrand, et al, In vitro action of Bordeaux red wine on the microhardness of human dental enamel, Arch Oral Biol, 2003, 48,141-5.

25. Lussi A, T Jaeggi, D Zero, The role of diet in the aetiology of dental erosion, Caries Res, 2004, 38(Suppl. 1), 34-44.

26. Mandel L, Dental erosion due to wine consumption, JADA, 2005, 136, 71-5.

27. Mandel L, H Baurmash, Parotid enlargement due to alcoholism, JADA, 1971,82, 369-71.

28. Mandel L, D Hamele-bena, Alcoholic parotid sialadenosis, JADA, 1997, 128, 1411-5.

29. Mok Tb, J Micintyre, D Hunt, Dental erosion: in vitro model of wine assessor’s erosion, Aust Dent J, 2001, 46, 263-8.

30. Niquille M, B Burnand, P Magnenat, F Paccaud, et al, Dental disease among alcoholic individuals: a comparative study of hospitalized patients, J Gen Intern Med, 1993, 8, 470-5.

31. Nogueira Fn Dn, Souza, J Nicolau, In vitro approach to evaluate potential harmful effects of beer on teeth, J Dent, 2000, 28, 271-6.

32. O’sullivan Ea, M Curzon, ‘Dental erosion associated with the use of “alcopop” - a case report, Br Dent J, 1998, 184, 594-6.

33. Rafeek M, S Marchan, A Eder, ‘Tooth surface loss in adult, Int J Dent, 2006, 56, 186-193

34. Rafeek M, S Marchan, A Eder, W Smith, Tooth surface loss in adult subjects attending a university dental clinic in Trinidad, Int J Dent, 2006, 56, 181-6.

35. Rees Js, Fj Davis, An in vitro assessment of the erosive potential of some designer drinks, Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent, 2000, 8, 149-52.

36. Rees Js, T Griffi , An in vitro assessment of the erosive potential of conventional and white ciders, Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent, 2002,10, 167-71.

37. Rees Js, K Burford, T Loyn, The erosive potential of the alcoholic lemonade Hooch, Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent, 1998, 6, 161-4.

38. Robb Nd, Bg Smith, Prevalence of pathological tooth wear in patients with chronic alcoholism, Br Dent J, 1990,169, 367-9.

39. Scott J, K Woods, P Baxter, Salivary fl ow rate, protein and electrolyte concentrations in chronic alcoholic patients, J Biol Buccale, 1988b, 16,215-8.

40. Smith Aj, Rj Hodgson, K Bridgeman, Jp Shepherd, A randomized controlled trial of a brief intervention after alcohol-related facial injury, Addiction, 2003, 98, 43-52.

41. Smith Aj, Jp Shepherd, Rj Hodgson, Brief interventions for patients with alcohol-related trauma, Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg, 1998, 36, 408-15.

42. Smith B, N Robb, Dental erosion in patients with chronic alcoholism, J Dent, 1989, 17, 219-21.

43. Smith Ng, Prevalence of pathological tooth wear in patients with chronic alcoholism, Br Dent J, 1990,169, 367-9.

44. Sorvari R, J Meurman, P Alakuijala, R Frank, Effect of fl uoride varnish and solution on enamel erosion in vitro, Caries Res, 1994, 28, 227-32.

45. Who, World Health Report 2002: reducing risks, promoting healthy life. WHO, Geneva.

46. Who, Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, Global StatusReport on Alcohol, 2004. WHO, Geneva.

47. Wiktorsson Am, M Zimmerman, B Angmar - Månsson, Erosive tooth wear: revalence and severity in Swedish winetasters, Eur J Oral Sci, 1997,105, 544-50.

48. Young Wg, Tooth wear: diet analysis and advice, Int Dent J, 2005, 55, 68-72.

49. Zero Dt, A Lussi, Erosion - chemical and biological factors of importance to the dental practitioner, Int Dent J, 2005, 55(4Suppl.1), 285-90.

50. Zero Dt, A Lussi, Behavioral factors,Monogr Oral Sci, 2006, 20, 100-5.

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 641 479 20
PDF Downloads 405 330 17