Somatotypes in Sport

Teodor Tóth 1 , Monika Michalíková 1 , Lucia Bednarčíková 1 , Jozef Živčák 1 ,  and Peter Kneppo 2
  • 1 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Biomedical Engineering and Measurement, Technical University, Letná 9, Košice, Slovak Republic
  • 2 Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Biomedical Technology, Czech Technical University, Nám. Sítná 3105, Kladno, Czech Republic


The submitted article deals with the evaluation of the somatotype of persons and determination of a suitable somatotype for selected sports. In the introduction the method for determining and evaluating a somatotype according to Carter and Heath is characterised. The processes used for calculating the individual components - endomorphy, mesomorphy, ectomorphy - are presented as well as a description of these elements. The calculated components are subsequently put into a somatograph. The evaluation of a somatotype is of great benefit and offers a guideline with the selection of sporting activities; it subsequently helps assign athletes into a suitable position where they will be able to best develop their talents in view of their bodily construction. In this work two types of sports are evaluated - basketball and bodybuilding. With each sport the measurements which give the prerequisites for the given sport are presented. The selection of the presented sports was made with regard to the different requirements and demands in the scope of bodily constitution. The aim of the presented paper is to assess physical parameters of subjects groups in relation to selected sports (basketball and bodybuilding). Based on the body constitution to determine the conditions for developing the physical condition and success in the appointed sports. Another objective is to compare the rating form and equation methods for somatotype determination. The sample consist 32 subjects with age between 22-28 years of both sexes, who are dedicated to basketball, or bodybuilding at amateur level.

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