Effect of Trifluralin, Zero-Valent Iron and Magnetite Nanoparticles on Growth of Micromycetes

Open access


Nowadays many reports confirmed the effect of different nanoparticles (NPs) on the growth and secondary metabolite production in various microorganisms. Some of them, NPs like Ag, Au and oxides of Al, Ti, Si and Zn have harmful effect on the cells of microorganisms. Iron NPs are expected to be nontoxic, due to using Fe atom in several pathways of cell metabolism and, therefore, low iron toxicity. The use of iron NPs in technologies for remedying polluted environment was caused by their efficiency in reduction reactions, mobility, and high reactivity, due to the high surface area. The present study aims to determine the effect of magnetite (Fe3O4), zero-valent iron Fe(0) NPs, and fluorinated dinitroaniline herbicide trifluralin on growth of mycelial fungi. Fungal strains were isolated from soil long-term polluted with obsolete pesticides, DDT and trifluralin. The inhibition activity of iron NPs and trifluralin was evaluated using express-method. Each fungal strain had an individual reaction to the solutions of iron nanoparticles. At the same time, Fe(0) NPs, as well as magnetite NPs, had a stimulating effect on the formation and maturation of spores of micromycetes. Addition of trifluralin to the culture medium had a growth inhibition effect on micromycetes, but this effect was reduced, when trifluralin was mixed and incubated with iron NPs for 1 hour before.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Auffan M. Rose J. Wiesner M. Bottero J. 2009. Chemical stability of metallic nanoparticles: a parameter controlling their potential cellular toxicity in vitro. Environmental Pollution 157(4): 1127-1133.

  • Barzan E. Mehrabian S. Irian S. 2014. Antimicrobial and genotoxicity effects of zero-valent iron nanoparticles. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology 7(5): e10054.

  • Cao J. Feng Y. Lin X. Wang J. 2016. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi alleviate the negative effects of iron oxide nanoparticles on bacterial community in rhizospheric soils. Frontiers in environmental science 4: 10.

  • Chaithawiwat K. Vangnai A. McEvoy J.M. Pruess B. Krajangpan S. Khan E. 2016. Impact of nanoscale zero valent iron on bacteria is growth phase dependent. Chemosphere 144: 352-359.

  • Darwish M.S.A. Nguyen N.H.A. Sevcu A. Stibor I. 2015. Functionalized magnetic nanoparticles and their effect on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Nanomaterials 16(1): 89.

  • Diao M. Yao M. 2009. Use of zero-valent iron nanoparticles in inactivating microbes. Water Research 43(20):5243-5251.

  • Fang G. Si Y. Tian C. Zhang G. Zhou D. 2012. Degradation of 24-D in soils by Fe3O4 nanoparticles combined with stimulating indigenous microbes. Environmental science and pollution research 19: 784-793.

  • Gordon T. Margel S. 2011. Synthesis and characterization of zinc/iron oxide composite nanoparticles and their antibacterial properties. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 374(1-3): 1-8.

  • Kafayati M.E. Raheb J. Torabi Angazi M. Alizadeh S. Bardania H. 2013. The effect of magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles on the growth of genetically manipulated bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PTSOX4). Iranian Journal of Biotechnology 11(1): 41-46.

  • Kiran G.S. Nishanth L.A. Priyadharshini S. Anitha R. Selvin J. 2014. Effect of Fe nanoparticle on growth and glycolipid biosurfactant production under solid state culture by marine Nocardiopsis sp. MSA13A. BMC Biotechnology 2014 14: 48.

  • McKee M.S. Filser J. 2016. Impacts of metal-based engineered nanomaterials on soil communities. Environmental Science: Nano 3: 506-533.

  • Ortega-Calvo J.J. Jimenez-Sanchez C. Pratarolo P. Pullin H. Scott T.B. Thompson I.P. 2016. Tactic response of bacteria to zero-valent iron nanoparticles. Environmental Pollution 213: 438-445.

  • Pandey D.K. Tripathi N.N. Tripathi R.D. Dixit S.N. 1982. Fungitoxic and phytotoxic properties of the essential oil of Hyptis suaveolens. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz 9(6): 344-349.

  • Pawlett M. Ritz K. Dorey R.A. Rocks S. Ramsden J. Harris J.A. 2013. The impact of zero-valent iron nanoparticles upon soil microbial communities is context dependent. Environmental science and pollution research international 20(2): 1041-1049.

  • Postolachi O. Rastimesina I. Vorona V. Mamaliga V. Streapan N. Gutul T. 2017. Sensitivity of fungal and streptomycete strains to trifluralin and magnetite nanoparticles. International Symposium “The environment and the industry” Proceeding book SIMI 290-295.

  • Sacca M.L. Fajardo C. Martinez-Gomariz M. Costa G. Nande M. Martin M. 2014. Molecular stress responses to nano-sized zero-valent iron (nZVI) particles in the soil bacterium Pseudomonas stutzeri. Plos one 9(2): e89677.

  • Ševců A. El-Temsah Y.S. Joner E.J. Černik M. 2011 Oxidative stress induced in microorganisms by zerovalent iron nanoparticles. Microbes and environment 26(4): 271-281.

  • Sherry Davis A. Prakash P. Thamaraiselvi K. 2017. Nanobioremediation Technologies for Sustainable Environment. In: Prashanthi M. Sundaram R. Jeyaseelan A. Kaliannan T. (eds) Bioremediation and Sustainable Technologies for Cleaner Environment. Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer Cham 13-33.

  • Xie Y. Dong H. Zeng G. et al. 2017. The interactions between nanoscale zero-valent iron and microbes in the subsurface environment: A review. Journal of Hazardous Materials 321: 390-407.

  • Zhang W. 2003. Nanoscale iron particles for environmental remediation: An overview. Journal of Nanoparticle Research 5: 323-332.

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 217 198 2
PDF Downloads 122 112 2