Rosa canina L. fruit have been used internally as tea for treatment of viral infections and disorders of the kidneys and urinary tract. Also, it was reported that the R. canina fruit, with its high ascorbic acid, phenolics and flavonoids contents, have antioxidant, antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic effects. Antioxidants neutralize free radicals, which cause oxidative damage to lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids and thus protect the organism. Research studies conducted on this topic have shown that natural antioxidants are involved in protection against many diseases: cancer, cardiovascular diseases and osteoporosis. Different processing and storage methods of the fruit could affect the bioactive nutrients while preserving the antioxidant capacity of them is very important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of storage in a dry or frozen state on the antioxidants content of R. canina fruit. The evaluation involved determination of carotenes, ascorbic acid and total polyphenols using spectrophotometrically methods. Analysis performed on the R. canina fruit showed significant changes in the antioxidants content in fresh, dried and frozen fruit during storage.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Artenie V. Tanase E. 2017. Practicum of general biochemistry. Al. I. Cuza University Ed. Iasi Romania
Balan D. Israel-Roming F. Luta G. Gherghina E. 2016. Changes in the nutrients content of some green vegetables during the storage and thermal processing. Romanian Biotechnological Letters 21 (5) 11857-11865.
Bub A. Watzl B. Abrahamse L. 2000. Moderate intervention with carotenoid-rich vegetable products reduces lipid peroxidation in men. J. Nutr.18 2200-2206.
Catunescu C.M. Rotar I. Vidican R. Rotar A.M. 2017. Effect of cold storage on antioxidants from minimally processed herbs. Scientific Bull. USAMVB. Series F. Biotechnologies 21 121-126.
Cui F. Callen P. Dani M. 2014. Rose hip (Rosa canina L.): A functional food perspective. Functional Foods in Health and Disease 4(11) 493-509.
Demir F. Ozcan M. 2001. Chemical and technological properties of rose (Rosa canina L.) fruits grown wild in Turkey. Journal of Food Engineering 47 333-336.
Dubtsova G. Negmatulloeva R. Bessonov V. 2012. Composition and content of biologically active substances in rose hips. Vopr Pitan 81(6) 84-88.
Duda-Chodak A. Tarko T Rus M. 2011. Antioxidant activity and total polyphenol content of selected herbal medicinal products used in Poland. Herba Polonica 57(1) 48-61.
Ercisli S. 2007. Chemical composition of fruits in some rose (Rosa sp.) species. Food Chem. 104 1379-1384.
Ercisli S. Guleryuz M. 2005. Rose hip utilization in Turkey. Acta Horticulturae 490 77-83.
Ghiorghita G. Antohe N. Rati I.V. Maftei D.A. 2012. The study of some parameters of Rosa canina L. genotypess from different native populations and from the same population. Analele Stiintifice ale univ. "Al. I. Cuza" Iasi s II Biologie vegetala 58(1) 19-27.
Goodwin T.W. 1980. Chemistry and Biochemistry of Plant pigments. Acad. Press London& New York. 129.
Halasova L. Jicinska D. 1988. Amounts of ascorbic acid in the hip of Rosa species. Folia Geobot. Phytotx. 23 181-185.
Halvorsen B.L. Holte K. Myhrstad M.C. 2002. A systematic screening of total antioxidants in dietary plants. J. Nutr. 132(3) 461-471.
Horvath G. Molnar P. Rado-Turcsi E. Deli J. Kawase M. 2012. Carotenoid composition and in vitro pharmacological activity of rose hips. Acta Biochim. Pol. 59 (1) 129-132.
Kazaz S. Baydar H. Erbas S. 2009. Variation in Chemical Composition of Rosa damascena Mill. and Rosa canina L. Fruits. Czech J. food Sci. 27 (3) 178-184.
Kiokias S. Gordon M.H. 2003. Dietary supplementation with natural carotenoid mixture decreases oxidative stress. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 57 1135-1140.
Kiokias S. Varzakas T. Oreopoulou V. 2008. In vitro activity of vitamins flavonoids and natural phenolic antioxidants against the oxidative deterioration of oilbased systems. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 48 78-93.
Marmol I. Sanchez-de-Diego C. Jimenez-Moreno N. Ancin-Azpilicueta C. Rodriguez-Yoldi M.J. 2017. Therapeutic Application of Rose Hips from Different Rosa species. Int. J. Mol.Sci.18(6) 1137.
Mihaylova D. Giorgieva L. Pavlov A. 2015. Antioxidant activity and bioactive compounds of Rosa canina L. herbal preparations. Scientific Bull. series f. Biotechnologies 19 160-165.
Moerman D.E. 2002. Native American Ethnobotany. Timber Press Portland 482-486.
Novajan S. Khalillian F. Kiaie F.M. Rahimi A. Arabanian A. Chalavi S. 2008. Extraction and quantitative determination of ascorbic acid during different maturity stages of Rosa canina L. fruit. Journal of food Composition and analysis 21 300-305.
Novak R. Gawlik-Dziki U. 2007. Polyphenols of Rosa L. leaves extracts and their radical scavenging activity. Z. Naturforsch 62c 32-38.
Ozkan G. Sagdic O. Baydar N. 2004. Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Rosa damascena flower extracts. Food Sci. Tech. Int. 10 277-281.
Roman I. Stanila A. Stanila S. 2013. Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of Rosa canina L. biotypes from spontaneous flora of Transylvania. Chem. Cent. J. 7 7-73.
Ropciuc S. 2011. The content of carotenoids pigments in Rosa canina L. fruit. Food and Environment Safety Fac. of Food Eng. Suceava 10 (4) 108-111.
Rosu C.M. Manzu C. Olteanu Z. Oprica L. Oprea A. Ciornea E. Zamfirache M.M. 2011. Several Fruit Characteristics of Rosa sp. Genotypes from Northeastern Region of Romania. Not. Bot. Horti. Agrobo. 39 (2) 203-208.
Saeed N. Khalillian F. Kiaie F.M. Atyeh R. Arabanian A. Chalavi S. 2008. Extraction and quantitative determination of ascorbic acid during different maturity stages of Rosa canina L. fruit. J. Food Comp. Anal.21 300-305.
Singleton V.L. Orthofer R. Lamuela-Raventos R.M. Lester P. 1999. Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Meth. Enzymol. 299 152-178.
Spulber R. Colta T. Babeanu N. Popa O. 2017. Chemical diversity of polyphenols from bee pollen and propolis. AgroLife Scientific Journal 6(2) 183-194.
Uggla M. Gustavsson K.E. Olsson M.E. Nybom H. 2005. Changes in colour and sugar content in rose hips (Rosa dumalis L. and Rosa rubiginosa L.) during ripening. J. Hort. Sci. Biotech.80(2) 204-208.
Vossen E. Utrera M. de Smet S. Morcuende D. Estevez M. 2012. Dog rose (Rosa canina L.) as a functional ingredient in porcine frankfurters without added sodium ascorbate and sodium nitrite. Meat Sci. 92 451-457.
Wigle D.T. Turner M.C. Gomes J. Parent M.E. 2008. Role of hormonal and other factors in human prostate cancer. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health B Crit. Rev. 11(3-4) 242-259.
Winther W. Vinther Hansen A.S. Campbell-Tofte J. 2016. Bioactive ingredients of rose hips (Rosa canina L.) with special reference to antioxidative and antiinflammatory properties: in vitro studies. Botanics: Targets and Therapy 6 11-23.
Yilmaz S.O. Ercisli S. 2011. Antibacterial and antioxidant activity of fruits of some rose species from Turkey. Rom Biotech. Lett. 16(4) 6407-6411.
Yoo K.M. Lee C.H. Lee H. Moon B. Lee C.Y. 2008. Relative antioxidant and cytoprotective activities of common herbs. Food Chem. 106 929-939.
Yoruk I.H. Turker M. Kazankaya A. Erez M.E. Batta P. Celik F. 2008. Fatty acid sugar and vitamins content in rose hip species. Asian J. of Chemistry 20 1357-1364.
***STAS 13058-91 Produse din legume si fructe. Determinarea carotenului.