Variation of Some Antioxidants Content in Rosa Canina L. Fruit During Storage

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Abstract

Rosa canina L. fruit have been used internally as tea for treatment of viral infections and disorders of the kidneys and urinary tract. Also, it was reported that the R. canina fruit, with its high ascorbic acid, phenolics and flavonoids contents, have antioxidant, antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic effects. Antioxidants neutralize free radicals, which cause oxidative damage to lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids and thus protect the organism. Research studies conducted on this topic have shown that natural antioxidants are involved in protection against many diseases: cancer, cardiovascular diseases and osteoporosis. Different processing and storage methods of the fruit could affect the bioactive nutrients while preserving the antioxidant capacity of them is very important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of storage in a dry or frozen state on the antioxidants content of R. canina fruit. The evaluation involved determination of carotenes, ascorbic acid and total polyphenols using spectrophotometrically methods. Analysis performed on the R. canina fruit showed significant changes in the antioxidants content in fresh, dried and frozen fruit during storage.

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