Optimizing the Operation of Fermenters

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Abstract

World energy systems development is based on the use of renewable sources, their valorisation benefits of technical and economical stimulating actions. The main disadvantage is related to the low efficiency caused by low energy density and high value investments. The cost of renewable energy is higher than energy coming from conventional sources. Reducing the costs of producing unconventional energy can be achieved by integrating economic and social activities into the system, providing futher benefits. From the potential point of view, it is estimated that biomass occupies the first place in a ranking of unconventional energies. Biomass boosted by anaerobic fermentation with biogas production and cogeneration can provide "peak" energy production and can balance energy systems. Waste utilized by these processes involves reducing environmental impacts by diminushing managed volumes and efficient control. In the present paper are characterized by calculations aspects of the exploitation and elements regarding the optimization of some high-capacity fermenters of a wastewater treatment system.

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