Jerusalem artichoke tubers (Helianthus tuberosus) are distinguished by their protein, minerals (potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, etc.) and inulin content. Inulin can be used in the diet of diabetics as a substitute of sugar, without having an impact on blood glucose. At the same time, an international study had shown that due to their inulin content, regular consumption of Jerusalem artichoke tubers can help to prevent type 2 diabetes. In this paper are presented the results of the researches performed to achieve a functional ingredient (powder) with high nutritional value by processing of Jerusalem artichoke tubers. Thus, the Jerusalem artichoke tubers (Red Jerusalem artichoke and White Jerusalem artichoke varieties) were subjected to a convective drying process at 50°C, to protect bioactive components (vitamins, phenolic compounds, etc.) to a moisture content that allow their milling and turning them into powder and, at the same time, their stability in terms of quality. The achieved functional ingredient was evaluated sensory, physicchemically and microbiologically. The powder obtained from Jerusalem artichoke tubers is characterized by their inulin-type fructans (51.60... 57.45%), crude fiber (6.85...8.27%), total polyphenols (18.51... 44.03 mg GAE/g), proteins (8.75...9.26%), iron (12.45...13.88 mg/100g), potassium (1905.44...2100.35 mg/100g), calcium (50.21...57.45mg/100g), magnesium (84.55...89.95mg/100g) and phosphorus content (300.12...345.35 mg/100g). At the same time, powder achieved from Jerusalem artichoke tubers has antioxidant potential. Due to its complex biochemical composition, the functional ingredient achieved from Jerusalem artichoke tubers can be used to fortify food and also as a sweetening agent for products destined to diabetics.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Abrams S.A. Griffin I.J. Hawthorne K.M. Liang L.L. Gunn S.K. Darlington G. Ellis K.J. 2005. A combination of prebiotic short-and long-chain inulintype fructans enhances calcium absorption and bone mineralization in young adolescents. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 82 471-476.
Bach V. Thybo A. K. Kidmose U. Edelenbos M. 2013. Sensory quality and appropriateness of raw and boiled Jerusalem artichoke tubers (Helianthus tuberosus L.). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 93 1211-1218.
Bach V. Jensen S. Clausen M.R. Bertram H.C. Edelenbos M. 2013. Enzymatic browning and aftercooking darkening of Jerusalem artichoke tubers (Helianthus tuberosus L.). Food Chemistry 141 1445-1450.
Barclay T. Ginic-Markovic M. Cooper P. Petrovsky N. 2010. Inulin: A versatile polysaccharide with multiple pharmaceutical and food chemical uses. J. Excipients Food Chem. 1 27-50.
Clark M.J. Robien K. Slavin J.L. 2012. Nutrition effect of prebiotics on biomarkers of colorectal cancer in humans: a systematic review. Nutr. Rev. 70 436-443.
Coudray C. Demigné C. Rayssiguie Y. 2003. Effects of dietary fibers on magnesium absorption in animals and humans. J. Nutr. 133 1-4.
Dănăila-Guidea S. Dobrinoiu R.V. Vișan L. 2016 Research on the preparation a protocol of the direct organogenesis through "in vitro" culture techniques to Helianthus tuberosus l. (Jerusalem artichoke). Scientific Papers. Series B Horticulture Volume LX Print ISSN 2285-5653 175-184.
Danilcenko H. Jariene E. Slepetiene A. Sawicka B. Zaldariene S. 2017. The Distribution Of Bioactive Compounds In The Tubers Of Organically Grown Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus Tuberosus L.) During The Growing Period. Acta Sci. Pol. Hortorum Cultus 16(3) 97-107.
De Almeida Gualtieri K. Losi Guembarovski R. Oda J.M.M. Fiori-Lopes L. Ketelut Carneiro N. Castro V.D. Soni Neto J. Watanabe M.A.E. 2013. Inulin: therapeutic potential prebiotic properties and immunological aspects. Food Agric. Immunol. 24 21-31.
Duthie G.G. Duthie S.J. Kyle J.A.M. 2000. Plant polyphenols in cancer and heart disease: implications as nutritional antioxidants. Nutr. Res. Rev. 13 79-106.
Franck A. 2002. Technological functionality of inulin and oligofructose. Br. J. Nutr. 87 S287-S291.
Franck A. 2005. Prebiotics stimulate calcium absorption: a review. Food Aust. 57 530-532.
Gibson G.R. Roberfroid M.B. 1995. Dietary modulation of the human colonic microbiota-introducing the concept of prebiotics. J. Nutr. 12 1401-1412.
Gott B. Williams N.S.G. Antos M. 2015. Humans and Grasslands - A Social Hystory. In Land of sweeping plains: Managing and restoring the native Grasslands of south-eastern Australia (p. 9-10). CSIRO Publishing.
Gropper S.S. Smith J.L. 2013. Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism 6th ed. Belmont: Yolanda Cossio.
Gunnarsson I.B. Svensson S.E. Johansson E. Karakashev D. Angelidaki I. 2014. Potential of Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) as a biorefinery crop. Ind. Crops Prod. 56 231-240.
Gupta Ch. Verma R. 2011. Visual estimation and spectrophotometric determination of tannin content and antioxidant activity of three common vegetable. Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Res. 2(1) 175-182.
Horszwald A. Andlauer W. 2011. Characterisation of bioactive compounds in berry juices by traditional photometric and modern microplate methods. Journal of Berry Research 1 189-199.
Inchuen S. Porniammongkol O. Duangkhamchan W. 2014. Effect of drying methods on chemical and functional properties of Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) powders. Advanced Materials Research ISSN: 1662-8985 931-932 1512-1517.
Izembaeva A.K. Muldabekova B.Zh. Iataev A.I. Zhienbaeva S.T. 2013. The use of compositemixtures in the production of biscuits. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science 19 28-31.
Kays S.J. Nottingham S.F. 2007. Biology and Chemistry of Jerusalem Artichoke Helianthus tuberosus L. Taylor & Francis Group New York.
Kelly G. 2008. Inulin type prebiotics - a review: Part I. Altern. Med. Rev. 13 315-329.
Khuenpet K. Jittanit W. Sirisansaneeyakul S. Srichamnong W. 2016. Inulin Powder Production from Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) Tuber Powder and Its Application to Commercial Food Products. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation ISSN 1745-4549.
Munim A. Rod M. Tavakoli H. Hosseinian F. 2017. An Analysis of the Composition Health Benefits and Future Market Potential of the Jerusalem Artichoke in Canada. Journal of Food Research 6(5) 69-84.
Nair K.K. Kharb S. Thompkinson D.K. 2010. Inulin dietary fiber with functional and health attributes: a review. Food Rev. Int. 26 189-203.
Niness K.R. 1999. Inulin and oligofructose: what are they?. J. Nutr. 129 1402S-1406S.
Okada N. Kobayashi S. Moriyama K. Miyataka K. Abe S. Sato C. Kawazoe K. 2017. Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) tubers improve glucose tolerance and hepatic lipid profile in rats fed a high-fat diet. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 10(5) 439-443.
Petkova N. Ivanov I. Denev P. Pavlov A. 2014. Bioactive Substance and Free Radical Scavenging Activities of Flour from Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) Tubers - a Comparative Study. Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences 2 1773 - 1778.
Poorolajal J. Zeraati F. Soltanian A.R. Sheikh V. Hooshmand E. Maleki A. 2017. Oral potassium supplementation for management of essential hypertension: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. PLOS ONE 12(4): e0174967. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0174967.
Radovanovic A.M. Milovanovic O.Z. Kipic M.Z. Ninkovic M.B. Cupara S.M. 2014. Characterization of Bread Enriched with Jerusalem Artichoke Powder Content. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research 2(12) 895-898.
Radovanovic A. Stojceska V. Plunkett A. Jankovic S. Milovanovic D. Cupara S. 2015. The use of dry Jerusalem artichoke as a functional nutrient in developing extruded food with low glycaemic index. Food Chemistry 177 81-88.
Rana S. Gupta S. Rana A. Bhushan S. 2015. Functional properties phenolic constituents and antioxidant potential of industrial apple pomace for utilization as active food ingredient. Food Science and Human Wellness 4 180-187.
Scollo D. Ugarte M. Vicente F. Giraudo M. Sánchez Tuero H. Mora V. 2011. The potential of Jerusalem Artichokes in health and nutrition. DIAETA (B.Aires) 29(137) 7-13.
Serieys H. Souyris I. Gil A. Poinso B. Berville A. 2010. Diversity of Jerusalem artichoke clones (Helianthus tuberosus L.) from the INRAMontpellier collection. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 57(8) 1207-1215.
Slimestad R. Seljaasen R. Meijer K. Skar S.L. 2010. Norwegian-grown Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.): Morphology and content of sugars and fructo-oligosaccharides in stems and tubers. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 90(6) 956-964.
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) 2016. Basic Report: Jerusalem artichokes raw. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28.
Zalán Z. Hudaček J. Tóth-Markus M. Husová E. Solichová K. Hegyi F. Plocková M. Chumchalová J. Halász A. 2011. Sensorically and antimicrobially active metabolite production of Lactobacillus strains on Jerusalem artichoke juice. J Sci Food Agric 91 672-679.
Zhong Qi. Liu S. Wang L. Wang Y. Li L. 2009. Absorption accumulation and allocation of nitrogen phosphorus and potassium of Jerusalem artichoke. Plant Nutr. Fert. Sci. 15(4) 948-952.